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A high-level Redis library.

$ npm install redback


Redback provides an accessible and extensible interface to the Redis data types and allows you to create your own structures with ease. Redback comes with the following built-in structures: List, Set, SortedSet, Hash, Channel, Cache

It also comes with the following advanced data structures:

  • DensitySet - A sorted set where adding an element increments its score and removing it decrements it
  • KeyPair - Uses two hash structures and an auto-incrementing key to assign an ID to each unique value
  • SocialGraph - Similar to Twitter's (following vs. followers)
  • CappedList - A list with a fixed length
  • Queue - A simple FIFO or LIFO queue
  • RateLimit - Count the number of times an event occurs over an interval. See this introduction.
  • BloomFilter - A probabilistic structure used to test whether an an element exists in a set


var redback = require('redback').createClient();
// or 
var redis = require('redis').createClient();
var redback = require('redback').use(redis);
var user3 = redback.createSocialGraph(3);
user3.follow(1, callback);
var log = redback.createCappedList('log', 1000);
log.push('Log message ...');
var user = redback.createHash('user1');
user.set({username: 'chris', password: 'foobar'}, callback);

Creating your own structures

Use addStructure(name, methods) to create your own structure.

Let's create a queue that can be either FIFO or LIFO:

redback.addStructure('SimpleQueue', {
    init: function (options) {
        options = options || {};
        this.fifo = options.fifo;
    add: function (value, callback) {
        this.client.lpush(this.key, value, callback);
    next: function (callback) {
        var method = this.fifo ? 'rpop' : 'lpop';
        this.client[method](this.key, callback);

Call createSimpleQueue(key, options) to use the queue:

var queue = redback.createSimpleQueue('my_queue', {fifo: true});

Structures have access to a Redis key this.key and the Redis client this.client. If an init() method is defined then it is called after the structure is instantiated. Also note that init() receives any extra parameters from create<structure>().

Other uses

Cache backend

var cache = redback.createCache(namespace);
cache.set('foo', 'bar', callback);
cache.get('foo', function (err, foo) {
    console.log(foo); //bar 

Pub/sub provider

var channel = redback.createChannel('chat').subscribe();
//To received messages 
channel.on('message', function (msg) {
//To send messages 


See the annotated source.


The tests require a local redis instance running on localhost:6379. Note that redis database #11 will be flushed prior to each run.

$ npm test


  • Matt Ranney for his node_redis library.
  • GitHub user sreeix for the bloom filter implementation.