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react-native-sass-transformer

1.4.0 • Public • Published

react-native-sass-transformer NPM version Downloads per month contributions welcome

Use Sass to style your React Native apps.

Behind the scenes the Sass files are transformed to react native style objects (look at the examples).

This transformer can be used together with React Native CSS modules.

How does it work?

Your App.scss file might look like this:

%blue {
  color: blue;
}
.myClass {
  @extend %blue;
}
.myOtherClass {
  color: red;
}
.my-dashed-class {
  color: green;
}

When you import your stylesheet:

import styles from "./App.scss";

Your imported styles will look like this:

var styles = {
  myClass: {
    color: "blue"
  },
  myOtherClass: {
    color: "red"
  },
  "my-dashed-class": {
    color: "green"
  }
};

You can then use that style object with an element:

Plain React Native:

<MyElement style={styles.myClass} />
 
<MyElement style={styles["my-dashed-class"]} />

React Native CSS modules using className property:

<MyElement className={styles.myClass} />
 
<MyElement className={styles["my-dashed-class"]} />

React Native CSS modules using styleName property:

<MyElement styleName="myClass my-dashed-class" />

Please use the .scss file extension for SCSS syntax and the .sass file extension for indented Sass syntax.

Installation and configuration

Step 1: Install

yarn add --dev react-native-sass-transformer node-sass

Step 2: Configure the react native packager

For React Native v0.57 or newer / Expo SDK v31.0.0 or newer

Add this to metro.config.js in your project's root (create the file if it does not exist already):

const { getDefaultConfig } = require("metro-config");
 
module.exports = (async () => {
  const {
    resolver: { sourceExts } 
  } = await getDefaultConfig();
  return {
    transformer: {
      babelTransformerPath: require.resolve("react-native-sass-transformer")
    },
    resolver: {
      sourceExts: [...sourceExts, "scss", "sass"]
    }
  };
})();

If you are using Expo, you also need to add this to app.json:

{
  "expo": {
    "packagerOpts": {
      "config": "metro.config.js"
    }
  }
}

For React Native v0.56 or older

If you are using React Native without Expo, add this to rn-cli.config.js in your project's root (create the file if you don't have one already):

module.exports = {
  getTransformModulePath() {
    return require.resolve("react-native-sass-transformer");
  },
  getSourceExts() {
    return ["js", "jsx", "scss", "sass"];
  }
};

For Expo SDK v30.0.0 or older

If you are using Expo, instead of adding the rn-cli.config.js file, you need to add this to app.json:

{
  "expo": {
    "packagerOpts": {
      "sourceExts": ["js", "jsx", "scss", "sass"],
      "transformer": "node_modules/react-native-sass-transformer/index.js"
    }
  }
}

Platform specific extensions

If you need React Native's platform specific extensions for your Sass files, you can use babel-plugin-react-native-platform-specific-extensions. Platform specific extensions for files imported using Sass' @import are supported by default.

Sass options

If you need to pass options (e.g. functions) to node-sass, you can do so by creating a transformer.js file and doing the following:

// For React Native version 0.59 or later
var upstreamTransformer = require("metro-react-native-babel-transformer");
 
// For React Native version 0.56-0.58
// var upstreamTransformer = require("metro/src/reactNativeTransformer");
 
// For React Native version 0.52-0.55
// var upstreamTransformer = require("metro/src/transformer");
 
// For React Native version 0.47-0.51
// var upstreamTransformer = require("metro-bundler/src/transformer");
 
// For React Native version 0.46
// var upstreamTransformer = require("metro-bundler/build/transformer");
 
var sassTransformer = require("react-native-sass-transformer");
 
module.exports.transform = function({ src, filename, options }) {
  if (filename.endsWith(".scss") || filename.endsWith(".sass")) {
    var opts = Object.assign(options, {
      sassOptions: {
        functions: {
          "rem($px)": px => {
            px.setValue(px.getValue() / 16);
            px.setUnit("rem");
            return px;
          }
        }
      }
    });
    return sassTransformer.transform({ src, filename, options: opts });
  } else {
    return upstreamTransformer.transform({ src, filename, options });
  }
};

After that in metro.config.js point the babelTransformerPath to that file:

const { getDefaultConfig } = require("metro-config");
 
module.exports = (async () => {
  const {
    resolver: { sourceExts } 
  } = await getDefaultConfig();
  return {
    transformer: {
      babelTransformerPath: require.resolve("./transformer.js")
    },
    resolver: {
      sourceExts: [...sourceExts, "scss", "sass"]
    }
  };
})();

CSS Custom Properties (CSS variables)

You need version 1.4.0 or newer

CSS variables are not supported by default, but you can add support for them by using PostCSS and postcss-css-variables plugin.

Start by installing dependencies:

yarn add postcss postcss-css-variables react-native-postcss-transformer --dev

Add postcss-css-variables to your PostCSS configuration with one of the supported config formats, e.g. package.json, .postcssrc, postcss.config.js, etc.

After that create a transformer.js file and do the following:

// For React Native version 0.59 or later
var upstreamTransformer = require("metro-react-native-babel-transformer");
 
// For React Native version 0.56-0.58
// var upstreamTransformer = require("metro/src/reactNativeTransformer");
 
// For React Native version 0.52-0.55
// var upstreamTransformer = require("metro/src/transformer");
 
// For React Native version 0.47-0.51
// var upstreamTransformer = require("metro-bundler/src/transformer");
 
// For React Native version 0.46
// var upstreamTransformer = require("metro-bundler/build/transformer");
 
var sassTransformer = require("react-native-sass-transformer");
var postCSSTransformer = require("react-native-postcss-transformer");
 
module.exports.transform = function({ src, filename, options }) {
  if (filename.endsWith(".scss") || filename.endsWith(".sass")) {
    return sassTransformer
      .renderToCSS({ src, filename, options })
      .then(css =>
        postCSSTransformer.transform({ src: css, filename, options })
      );
  } else {
    return upstreamTransformer.transform({ src, filename, options });
  }
};

After that in metro.config.js point the babelTransformerPath to that file:

const { getDefaultConfig } = require("metro-config");
 
module.exports = (async () => {
  const {
    resolver: { sourceExts } 
  } = await getDefaultConfig();
  return {
    transformer: {
      babelTransformerPath: require.resolve("./transformer.js")
    },
    resolver: {
      sourceExts: [...sourceExts, "scss", "sass"]
    }
  };
})();

Dependencies

This library has the following Node.js modules as dependencies:

Keywords

none

install

npm i react-native-sass-transformer

Downloadsweekly downloads

868

version

1.4.0

license

MIT

homepage

github.com

repository

Gitgithub

last publish

collaborators

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