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re-base

re-base

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welcome

Questions? Find me on twitter at @tylermcginnis33

What is re-base?

React.js makes managing state easy to reason about. Firebase makes persisting your data easy to implement. re-base, inspired by Relay, combines the benefits of React and Firebase by allowing each component to specify its own data dependency. Forget about your data persistence and focus on what really matters, your application's state.

Why re-base?

I spent a few weeks trying to figure out the cleanest way to implement Firebase into my React/Flux application. After struggling for a bit, I tweeted my frustrations. I was enlightened to the fact that Firebase and Flux really don't work well together. It makes sense why they don't work together, because they're both trying to accomplish roughly the same thing. So I did away with my reliance upon Flux and tried to think of a clean way to implement React with Firebase. I came across ReactFire built by Jacob Wenger at Firebase and loved his idea. Sync a Firebase endpoint with a property on your component's state. So whenever your data changes, your state will be updated. Simple as that. The problem with ReactFire is because it uses Mixins, it's not compatible with ES6 classes. After chatting with Jacob Turner, we wanted to create a way to allow the one way binding of ReactFire with ES6 classes along some more features like two way data binding and listening to Firebase endpoints without actually binding a state property to them. Thus, re-base was built.

Features

  • syncState: Two way data binding between any property on your component's state and any endpoint in Firebase. Use the same API you're used to to update your component's state (setState), and Firebase will also update.
  • bindToState: One way data binding. Whenever your Firebase endpoint changes, the property on your state will update as well.
  • listenTo: Whenever your Firebase endpoint changes, it will invoke a callback passing it the new data from Firebase.
  • fetch: Retrieve data from Firebase without setting up any binding or listeners.
  • post: Add new data to Firebase.
  • push: Push new child data to Firebase.
  • update: Update child data using only the referenced properties
  • remove: Remove data from Firebase
  • removeBinding: Remove a Firebase listener before the component unmounts if you need to. (Listeners are automatically cleaned up when component unmounts)
  • reset: Removes all of the Firebase listeners.

Installing

$ npm install re-base

API

For more in depth examples of the API, see the examples folder.

createClass(firebaseDatabase)

Purpose

Accepts an initialized firebase database object

Arguments
  1. initialized firebase database
- type: object
Return Value

An instance of re-base.

Example using all of firebase
var Rebase = require('re-base');
var firebase = require('firebase');
var app = firebase.initializeApp({
      apiKey: "apiKey",
      authDomain: "projectId.firebaseapp.com",
      databaseURL: "https://databaseName.firebaseio.com",
      storageBucket: "bucket.appspot.com",
      messagingSenderId: "xxxxxxxxxxxxxx"
});
var base = Rebase.createClass(app.database());
 
Example using only the firebase database component
var Rebase = require('re-base');
var firebase = require('firebase/app');
var database = require('firebase/database');
var app = firebase.initializeApp({
      apiKey: "apiKey",
      authDomain: "projectId.firebaseapp.com",
      databaseURL: "https://databaseName.firebaseio.com",
      storageBucket: "bucket.appspot.com",
      messagingSenderId: "xxxxxxxxxxxxxx"
});
var db = database(app);
var base = Rebase.createClass(db);
 

initializedApp

Purpose

This property contains the initialized firebase app that was passed into re-base. You can access any of the firebase services that you are using off this object. For instance, if you want to use some firebase database methods that re-base doesn't have helpers for or if you are using the auth service and want to quickly access it off of re-base.


syncState(endpoint, options)

Purpose

Allows you to set up two way data binding between your component's state and your Firebase. Whenever your Firebase changes, your component's state will change. Whenever your component's state changes, Firebase will change.

Arguments

  1. endpoint
- type: string
- The relative Firebase endpoint to which you'd like to bind your component's state
  1. options
- type: object
- properties:
  - context: (object - required) The context of your component
  - state: (string - required) The state property you want to sync with Firebase; can be an arbitrarily nested property a là `foo.bar`
  - defaultValue: (string|boolean|number|object - optional) A default value to set when the Firebase endpoint has no value (i.e., on init) (use this if you want a value other than an empty object or empty array)
  - asArray: (boolean - optional) Returns the Firebase data at the specified endpoint as an Array instead of an Object
  - keepKeys: (boolean - optional) will keep any firebase generated keys intact when manipulating data using the asArray option.
  - queries: (object - optional) Queries to be used with your read operations.  See [Query Options](#queries) for more details.
  - then: (function - optional) The callback function that will be invoked when the initial listener is established with Firebase. Typically used (with syncState) to change `this.state.loading` to false.
  - onFailure: (function - optional) A callback function that will be invoked if the current user does not have read  or write permissions at the location.

Return Value

An object which you can pass to removeBinding if you want to remove the listener while the component is still mounted.

Example

componentDidMount(){
  base.syncState(`shoppingList`, {
    context: this,
    state: 'items',
    asArray: true
  });
}
addItem(newItem){
  this.setState({
    items: this.state.items.concat([newItem]) //updates Firebase and the local state 
  });
}

bindToState(endpoint, options)

Purpose

One way data binding from Firebase to your component's state. Allows you to bind a component's state property to a Firebase endpoint so whenever that Firebase endpoint changes, your component's state will be updated with that change.

Arguments

  1. endpoint
- type: string
- The relative Firebase endpoint that you'd like to bind to your component's state
  1. options
- type: object
- properties:
  - context: (object - required) The context of your component
  - state: (string - required) The state property you want to sync with Firebase; can be an arbitrarily nested property a là `foo.bar` (no arrays)
  - asArray: (boolean - optional) Returns the Firebase data at the specified endpoint as an Array instead of an Object
  - queries: (object - optional) Queries to be used with your read operations.  See [Query Options](#queries) for more details.
  - then: (function - optional) The callback function that will be invoked when the initial listener is established with Firebase. Typically used (with bindToState) to change `this.state.loading` to false.
  - onFailure: (function - optional) A callback function that will be invoked if the current user does not have read permissions at the location.

Return Value

An object which you can pass to removeBinding if you want to remove the listener while the component is still mounted.

Example

componentDidMount(){
  base.bindToState('tasks', {
    context: this,
    state: 'tasks',
    asArray: true
  });
}

listenTo(endpoint, options)

Purpose

Allows you to listen to Firebase endpoints without binding those changes to a state property. Instead, a callback will be invoked with the newly updated data.

Arguments

  1. endpoint
- type: string
- The relative Firebase endpoint which contains the data with which you'd like to invoke your callback function
  1. options
- type: object
- properties:
  - context: (object - required) The context of your component
  - asArray: (boolean - optional) Returns the Firebase data at the specified endpoint as an Array instead of an Object
  - then: (function - required) The callback function that will be invoked with the data from the specified endpoint when the endpoint changes
  - onFailure: (function - optional) The callback function that will be invoked if the current user does not have read permissions at the location.
  - queries: (object - optional) Queries to be used with your read operations.  See [Query Options](#queries) for more details.

Return Value

An object which you can pass to removeBinding when your component unmounts to remove the Firebase listeners.

Example

componentDidMount(){
  base.listenTo('votes', {
    context: this,
    asArray: true,
    then(votesData){
      var total = 0;
      votesData.forEach((vote, index) => {
        total += vote
      });
      this.setState({total});
    }
  })
}

fetch(endpoint, options)

Purpose

Allows you to retrieve the data from a Firebase endpoint just once without subscribing or listening for data changes.

Arguments

  1. endpoint
- type: string
- The relative Firebase endpoint which contains the data you're wanting to fetch
  1. options
- type: object
- properties:
  - context: (object - optional) The context of your component
  - asArray: (boolean - optional) Returns the Firebase data at the specified endpoint as an Array instead of an Object
  - then: (function - optional) The callback function that will be invoked with the data from the specified endpoint when the endpoint changes
  - onFailure: (function - optional) The callback function that will be invoked with an error that occurs reading data from the specified endpoint
  - queries: (object - optional) Queries to be used with your read operations.  See [Query Options](#queries) for more details.

Return Value

A Firebase Promise which resolves when the write is complete and rejects if there is an error

Example

Using callback

getSales(){
  base.fetch('sales', {
    context: this,
    asArray: true,
    then(data){
      console.log(data);
    }
  });
}

Using Promise

getSales(){
  base.fetch('sales', {
    context: this,
    asArray: true
  }).then(data => {
    console.log(data);
  }).catch(error => {
    //handle error 
  })
}

post(endpoint, options)

Purpose

Allows you to update a Firebase endpoint with new data. Replace all the data at this endpoint with the new data

Arguments

  1. endpoint
- type: string
- The relative Firebase endpoint that you'd like to update with the new data
  1. options
- type: object
- properties:
  - data: (any - required) The data you're wanting to persist to Firebase
  - then: (function - optional) A callback that will get invoked once the new data has been saved to Firebase. If there is an error, it will be the only argument to this function.

Return Value

A Firebase Promise which resolves when the write is complete and rejects if there is an error

Example

Using callback

addUser(){
  base.post(`users/${userId}`, {
    data: {name: 'Tyler McGinnis', age: 25},
    then(err){
      if(!err){
        Router.transitionTo('dashboard');
      }
    }
  });
}

Using promise

addUser(){
  base.post(`users/${userId}`, {
    data: {name: 'Tyler McGinnis', age: 25}
  }).then(() => {
    Router.transitionTo('dashboard');
  }).catch(err => {
    // handle error 
  });
}

push(endpoint, options)

Purpose

Allows you to add data to a Firebase endpoint. Adds data to a child of the endpoint with a new Firebase push key

Arguments

  1. endpoint
- type: string
- The relative Firebase endpoint that you'd like to push the new data to
  1. options
- type: object
- properties:
  - data: (any - required) The data you're wanting to persist to Firebase
  - then: (function - optional) A callback that will get invoked once the new data has been saved to Firebase. If there is an error, it will be the only argument to this function.

Return Value

A Firebase ThenableReference which is defined by Firebase as a "Combined Promise and reference; resolves when write is complete, but can be used immediately as the reference to the child location."

Example

Using callback

// 
addBear(){
  var immediatelyAvailableReference = base.push('bears', {
    data: {name: 'George', type: 'Grizzly'},
    then(err){
      if(!err){
        Router.transitionTo('dashboard');
      }
    }
  });
  //available immediately, you don't have to wait for the callback to be called 
  var generatedKey = immediatelyAvailableReference.key;
}

Using Promise interface

// 
addBear(){
  var immediatelyAvailableReference = base.push('bears', {
    data: {name: 'George', type: 'Grizzly'}
  }).then(newLocation => {
    var generatedKey = newLocation.key;
  }).catch(err => {
    //handle error 
  });
  //available immediately, you don't have to wait for the Promise to resolve 
  var generatedKey = immediatelyAvailableReference.key;
}
 

update(endpoint, options)

Purpose

Allows you to update data at a Firebase endpoint changing only the properties you pass to it. Warning: calling update with options.data being null will remove all the data at that endpoint

Arguments

  1. endpoint
- type: string
- The relative Firebase endpoint that you'd like to update
  1. options
- type: object
- properties:
  - data: (any - required) The data you're wanting to persist to Firebase
  - then: (function - optional) A callback that will get invoked once the new data has been saved to Firebase. If there is an error, it will be the only argument to this function.

Return Value

A Firebase Promise which resolves when the write is complete and rejects if there is an error

Example

Using callback

  // bears endpoint currently holds the object { name: 'Bill', type: 'Grizzly' } 
  base.update('bears', {
    data: {name: 'George'},
    then(err){
      if(!err){
        Router.transitionTo('dashboard');
        //bears endpint is now {name: 'George', type: 'Grizzly'} 
      }
    }
  });
 

Using Promise

  // bears endpoint currently holds the object { name: 'Bill', type: 'Grizzly' } 
  base.update('bears', {
    data: {name: 'George'}
  }).then(() => {
    Router.transitionTo('dashboard');
  }).catch(err => {
    //handle error 
  });

remove(endpoint, callback)

Purpose

Allows you to delete all data at the endpoint location

Arguments

  1. endpoint
- type: string
- The relative Firebase endpoint that you'd like to delete data from
  1. callback
- type: (function - optional)
- A callback that will get invoked once the data is successfully removed Firebase. If there is an error, it will be the only argument to this function.

Return Value

A Firebase Promise which resolves when the deletion is complete and rejects if there is an error

Example

Using callback

 
  base.remove('bears', function(err){
    if(!err){
      Router.transitionTo('dashboard');
    }
  });
 

Using Promise

  base.remove('bears').then(() => {
    Router.transitionTo('dashboard');
  }).catch(error => {
    //handle error 
  });
 

removeBinding(ref)

Purpose

Remove the listeners to Firebase when your component unmounts.

Arguments

  1. ref
- type: Object
- The return value of syncState, bindToState, or listenTo

Return Value

No return value

Example

componentDidMount(){
  this.ref = base.syncState('users', {
    context: this,
    state: 'users'
  });
}
componentWillUnmount(){
  base.removeBinding(this.ref);
}

reset()

Purpose

Removes every Firebase listener and resets all private variables. Used for testing purposes.

Arguments

No Arguments

Return Value

No return value


Queries

Use the query option to utilize the Firebase Query API. For a list of available queries and how they work, see the Firebase docs.

Queries are accepted in the options object of each read method (syncState, bindToState, listenTo, and fetch). The object should have one or more keys of the type of query you wish to run, with the value being the value for the query. For example:

base.syncState('users', {
  context: this,
  state: 'users',
  asArray: true,
  queries: {
    orderByChild: 'iq',
    limitToLast: 3
  }
})

The binding above will sort the users endpoint by iq, retrieve the last three (or, three with highest iq), and bind it to the component's users state. NOTE: This query is happening within Firebase. The only data that will be retrieved are the three users with the highest iq.

Upgrading to re-base 3.x from 2.x

Major Changes:

3.x no longer requires you to include the full Firebase SDK in your app. This means that you need to include the parts of Firebase SDK you wish to use and handle initialization of the firebase services in your app instead of re-base doing this for you. re-base only requires you pass it the initialized database service. This also means that the authentication helpers are deprecated and re-base no longer exposes the firebase services.

3.x also removes listeners automatically for you on componentWillUnmount so you don't have to explicitly call removeBinding. removeBinding is still available if you need to remove a listener while the component is still mounted. For instance, if you are adding and removing listeners in response to a prop change.

To help with migrating to 3.x please see the Migration Guide for the equivalent Firebase SDK methods to use for the deprecated auth helpers.

Changes your re-base initialization:

Change this....

 
var Rebase = require('re-base');
var base = Rebase.createClass({
      apiKey: "apiKey",
      authDomain: "projectId.firebaseapp.com",
      databaseURL: "https://databaseName.firebaseio.com",
      storageBucket: "bucket.appspot.com",
});
 

To this...

 
var Rebase = require('re-base');
var firebase = require('firebase');
var app = firebase.initializeApp({
      apiKey: "apiKey",
      authDomain: "projectId.firebaseapp.com",
      databaseURL: "https://databaseName.firebaseio.com",
      storageBucket: "bucket.appspot.com",
});
var base = Rebase.createClass(app.database());
 

Changes to Database methods


No changes. Your existing code should work.


Changes to Authentication methods


Deprecated Methods

base.resetPassword base.createUser base.authWithPassword base.authWithCustomToken base.authWithOAuthPopup base.getOAuthRedirectResult base.authWithOAuthToken base.authWithOAuthRedirect base.onAuth base.unauth base.getAuth

Contributing

  1. npm install
  2. Edit src/rebase.js
  3. Add/edit tests in tests/specs
  4. npm run build
  5. npm test

Credits

re-base is inspired by ReactFire from Firebase. Jacob Turner is also a core contributor and this wouldn't have been possible without his assistance.

License

MIT