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    random-seed-weighted-chooser
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    1.1.5 • Public • Published

    🎲 Random Seed Weighted Chooser

    A random weighted item chooser with custom seed option for JS.

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    Documentation

    Read the official documentation.

    Overview

    A random weighted item chooser with custom seed option for JavaScript.

    This package allows you to choose an index from an array of weights (simplest case), or an object from an array of objects that each have a customizable "weight" property.

    It also allows you to specify default weights, and to use your own seed for the pseudorandom number generator (PRNG).

    Features include:

    • 🎲 Choose weighted items at random
      • Randomly select items based on weights
    • 💪 Flexible and customizable
      • Choose an index from an array of weights, or an object from an array of objects with weight properties
    • 🌱 Custom seed support
      • Provide your own seed for full control of the PRNG results

    Donate

    I hope this project makes your life a little easier! If it does and you'd like to show your appreciation, consider supporting the project with a coffee or sponsorship.

    Your support helps keep the project going and will earn you some serious virtual high fives. Maybe even a virtual fist bump if you're feeling extra cool.

    Sponsor via GitHub Buy me a coffee Buy me 3 coffees Buy me 5 coffees

    Table of Contents

    Installation

    npm i random-seed-weighted-chooser
    

    Quick Start

    Two ways:

    • Randomly choose an index from an array of weights.
    • Randomly choose an object from an array of objects with weight properties.

    Using An Array Of Weights

    You can use an array of weight numbers to randomly choose an index in that array.

    // ...
    // Returns an index using the weights to determine chance, or -1 if empty.
    Chooser.chooseWeightedIndex(arrayOfWeights);
    // Optionally, you can use a custom seed. Math.random() is used as the default.
    Chooser.chooseWeightedIndex(arrayOfWeights, seed);
    // You can also specify a default weight to use if your array contains 
    // non-numbers (this is a failsafe).
    Chooser.chooseWeightedIndex(arrayOfWeights, seed, defaultWeight);

    If all weights are 0, -1 is returned.

    Using An Array Of Objects With Weight Properties

    You can use an array of objects, each with a weight property and number value, to randomly choose one of those objects.

    import Chooser from "random-seed-weighted-chooser";
    
    // ...
    // Expects each object to have a "weight" property. Returns null if array is empty.
    Chooser.chooseWeightedObject(arrayOfObjects);
    // Uses custom property key, default weight (if weight property is missing), and custom seed.
    Chooser.chooseWeightedObject(
      arrayOfObjects,
      weightPropertyKey,
      defaultWeight,
      seed
    );

    If all weights are 0, null is returned.

    Bad Input

    For any non-object where an object is expected, or non-number weight where a number is expected:

    • That item will have the default weight. This will be 1 or the optional default value if provided.

    All negative weights are treated as positive.

    Examples

    Weighted Random Index Choice Example

    If all you need is an index, you can just use a number[] array of weights, like so:

    import Chooser from "random-seed-weighted-chooser";
    
    let arrayOfWeights = [10, 50, 35, 5];
    
    // Returns the randomly chosen index or -1 if the array is empty. 
    // Uses Math.random() as the seed.
    Chooser.chooseWeightedIndex(arrayOfWeights);
    // 10% chance of returning 0
    // 50% chance of returning 1
    // 35% chance of returning 2
    // 5% chance of returning 3

    Under the hood, this project uses a pseudorandom number generator (PRNG) that allows the developer to provide their own seed.

    So if you want to provide your own seed, you can. Seeds can be any value (strings, numbers, etc):

    // Returns the randomly chosen index or -1 if the array is empty.
    // Will return the same result until the seed changes.
    let seed = "myseed";
    Chooser.chooseWeightedIndex(arrayOfWeights, seed); // 3
    Chooser.chooseWeightedIndex(arrayOfWeights, seed); // 3
    Chooser.chooseWeightedIndex(arrayOfWeights, seed); // Always 3
    seed = 12345;
    Chooser.chooseWeightedIndex(arrayOfWeights, seed); // 1
    Chooser.chooseWeightedIndex(arrayOfWeights, seed); // 1
    Chooser.chooseWeightedIndex(arrayOfWeights, seed); // Always 1

    Weighted Random Item Choice Example

    let iceCreamFlavors = [
      { flavor: "chocolate", weight: 3 },
      { flavor: "vanilla", weight: 1 },
      { flavor: "piña colada", weight: 6 }
    ];
    
    // Returns the randomly chosen object based on their weights.
    // - Looks for a property called "weight"; default 1 if not found
    // - Uses Math.random() as the seed.
    Chooser.chooseWeightedObject(iceCreamFlavors);
    // chocolate = 30% chance
    // vanilla = 10% chance
    // piña colada = 60% chance

    You can use any number property as the weight. Just provide the property key as the second argument, like so:

    let restaurantRatings = [
      { name: "Chipotle", rating: 4.2 },
      { name: "Moe's", rating: 4.9 },
      { name: "Dirty Bill's", rating: 1.2 }
    ];
    
    // This example uses restaurant ratings as weights.
    Chooser.chooseWeightedObject(restaurantRatings, "rating");
    // Chipotle = 40.8% chance
    // Moe's = 47.6% chance
    // Dirty Bill's = 11.7% chance

    If the property is not found, the default weight is 1. You can provide a default if you'd like. The seed defaults to Math.random(), but you can provide your own seed if you'd like as well:

    let restaurantRatings = [
      { name: "Chipotle", rating: 4.2 },
      { name: "Moe's", rating: 4.9 },
      { name: "Edgy Burrito" } // Unrated restaurant
    ];
    
    // Uses "rating" as weight, a default weight of 2.5, and a custom seed.
    let seed = "Brianna's pick";
    Chooser.chooseWeightedObject(restaurantRatings, "rating", 2.5, seed);
    // Chipotle = 36.2% chance
    // Moe's = 42.2% chance
    // Edgy Burrito = 21.6% chance (no rating property, so uses 2.5 default)

    Lottery Example

    Below we have a lottery with 100000 items in the bag (weights total 100000).

    let lottery = [
      { name: "Impossible", weight: 0 },
      { name: "Nearly impossible", weight: 1 },
      { name: "Very low chance", weight: 9 },
      { name: "Low chance", weight: 90 },
      { name: "Medium chance", weight: 900 },
      { name: "High chance", weight: 9000 },
      { name: "Very high chance", weight: 90000 }
    ];
    
    Chooser.chooseWeightedObject(lottery);
    // "Nearly impossible" has 1/100000 odds of occurring.

    🎉 Happy Random Seed Weighted Choosing! 🎉

    TypeScript

    Type definitions have been included for TypeScript support.

    Icon Attribution

    Favicon by Twemoji.

    Contributing

    Open source software is awesome and so are you. 😎

    Feel free to submit a pull request for bugs or additions, and make sure to update tests as appropriate. If you find a mistake in the docs, send a PR! Even the smallest changes help.

    For major changes, open an issue first to discuss what you'd like to change.

    Found It Helpful? Star It!

    If you found this project helpful, let the community know by giving it a star: 👉

    License

    See LICENSE.md.

    Install

    npm i random-seed-weighted-chooser

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    180

    Version

    1.1.5

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    89.7 kB

    Total Files

    22

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • justinmahar