1.1.0 • Public • Published


    Like pull.drain, but this respects CPU usage, attempting to stay below a prescribed limit

    npm install --save pull-drain-gently


    Default use

    const pull = require('pull-stream');
    const drainGently = require('pull-drain-gently');
      drainGently(x => console.log(x), () => console.log('done')),

    Tweaking the parameters

    This pull-stream sink pulls from the source, but once in a while it will check the CPU usage, and if it has gone above the limit known as the ceiling, it pauses draining for wait milliseconds, and then resumes, in such a way that it should stay close to the limit. In other words, two parameters control the draining:

    • ceiling: the maximum CPU usage you want this draining sink to consume, approximately, in percentages (100 is 100%, not 1)
    • wait: the waiting period, in milliseconds, to pause draining in order to allow other tasks to use the CPU

    The default CPU ceiling is 88% and the default waiting period for each pause is 144ms (roughly 9 frames if you have the UI running at 60fps). This means that the longest pause during which no drains will occur is 144ms.

    There is also a third less common parameter, which by default is turned off:

    • maxPause: a limit in milliseconds for how long to pause between draining. For instance, when maxPause = 5000, the draining will remain paused for 5 seconds maximum, after that it will d resume draining regardless of the current CPU usage. The default is Infinity.

    To configure your own parameters, pass an opts object as the first argument, where both ceiling and wait must be defined:

    const pull = require('pull-stream');
    const drainGently = require('pull-drain-gently');
        {ceiling: 90, wait: 60}, // <--- opts
        x => console.log(x),
        () => console.log('done'),

    To configure these parameters, consider that:

    • The greater the ceiling is, the closer this sink behaves to stock pull.drain, i.e. the less gently it drains with regards to CPU load
    • The smaller the ceiling is, the more time it will take to consume the source, i.e. the slower your application will run overall
    • The greater the wait, the more the actual CPU usage fluctuates below and above the ceiling, i.e. the more bumpy the ride is for CPU usage and workload throughput
    • The smaller the wait, the more the actual CPU usage accurately meets the ceiling, but also the more overhead there is with many short-lived timers for those pauses

    The total time for drainage is also important. pull.drain is the fastest, having the shortest total time. drainGently with a small wait might give a total drainage time of approx. 2.5x that of pull.drain.

    The defaults ceiling=88, wait=144 are a sweet spot, and it can achieve a total drainage time of approx 1.4x that of pull.drain. You can run benchmarks yourself by running cd perf && ./run-all.sh in this repository.

    The chart below shows results for running the benchmark in perf on Ubuntu 18.04.3 x86_64, Intel® Core™ i7-7500U CPU @ 2.70GHz × 4, 15,4 GiB RAM, for different values of ceiling (c) and wait (w). "Unlimited" means pull.drain:

    chart with benchmark results




    npm i pull-drain-gently

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads






    Unpacked Size

    61.6 kB

    Total Files


    Last publish


    • staltz