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0.4.2 • Public • Published


prosemirror-codemark on npm MIT License CI demo

A plugin for ProseMirror that handles manipulating and navigating inline code marks. The plugin creates a fake cursor as necessary to show you if the next character you type will or will not be marked. prosemirror-codemark is created and used by Curvenote.



npm install prosemirror-codemark

Or see the live demo here!


  • Create code matching backwards (simple InputRule) and forwards (which is a specialized rule)
  • Select a word and hit `
  • Make sure the next character makes sense (e.g. removeStoredMarks)
  • Show a visual cursor in the correct location if the next character will or will not be in the inline code
  • Allow arrow keys to enter/exit into the inline code

Overview & Usage

codemark is a specialized InputRule and a Plugin to display a fake-cursor as a decoration, which allows you to navigate inside and outside of inline code. This allows the user the ability to navigate out of a code-mark, and also ensures that the text-input caret indicates what will happen next. The plugin works with undoInputRule from prosemirror-inputrules to undo code mark creation.

Basic ProseMirror

To use the plugins, supply your MarkType and use the plugins in your EditorView.

import codemark from 'prosemirror-codemark';
import 'prosemirror-codemark/dist/codemark.css';

const plugins = codemark({ markType: schema.marks.code });

const view = new EditorView(editor, {
  state: EditorState.create({
    plugins: [...plugins, ...otherPlugins],

Usage with TipTap

Create a TipTap extention and add a custom plugin. The schema can be accessed from this.editor.schema.marks.code.

import codemark from 'prosemirror-codemark';
import 'prosemirror-codemark/dist/codemark.css';

const codemarkPlugin = Extension.create({
  name: 'codemarkPlugin',
  addProseMirrorPlugins() {
    return codemark({ markType: this.editor.schema.marks.code });

this.editor = new Editor({
  extensions: [StarterKit, codemarkPlugin],
  content: `This is a <code>code</code> test!`,

The styles are necessary to show the .fake-cursor, they are simple if you want to override them. It does not provide styles for the code specifically. The plugin visually works best if the code mark has a border and a different color than the main text.


One of the biggest frustrations in using what you see is what you get (WYSIWYG) editors when coming from knowing Markdown is how they deal with inline code. In Markdown this is easy, you simply wrap a word in back-ticks (e.g. `code`). In many ways, the other “marks”, like bold, italic, underline are all easier in applications like Word, Notion, Confluence, etc. because almost everyone knows the shortcut to make something stop being bold/italic/underlined. This is not the case for code-marks, which act similarly, however there is no common/shared shortcut to remove a code-mark, and every editor application does something subtly different.

If you are using Slack or Notion, try creating a code block and then adding something to the start or end after it is created. The behaviour is completely unintuitive, you often have no idea if the next character you type will be inside or outside of the code-mark, and in Notion, for example, this changes based on if you hit backspace!


In Slack, if you start a message with code, there is literally no way to exit the code at the start without using your mouse, deleting the code-mark completely, or knowing the keyboard shortcut. In Slack, the right arrow key also mysteriously turns into a spacebar at the end of the code-mark or feels like it skips one character ahead.


The ambiguity of whether the next character you type will be “marked” is something that we tolerate for bold/italics/underline — because we all know the escape hatch and don’t have to leave our keyboards. But if you learn the keyboard shortcut for code in Slack, you might be surprised when you use it in Notion that the developer tools in Chrome pop up. Or say you learn the shortcut in Confluence, and jump over to Slack you will open your Mentions — in Notion, it creates a comment! Notion as far as I can tell, doesn’t even have a shortcut for a code-mark.

There are so many other quirks in these applications with regard to how the spacebar, or arrow keys work, how to deal with one-character of code. I have yet to see a WYSIWYG editor actually do it “right”.

Our goal at Curvenote is to make a best-in-class editing experience for technical content, and these are the types of details you either never notice because it just works, or they make people tear their hair out.

Why is this hard?

Browsers contenteditable DOM doesn't distinguish between a cursor positions inside and outside inline tags when it comes to where to insert text. This state is held by the application for what to insert next (in ProseMirror these are storedMarks, which can be added or removed). This means that visually distinguishing the first two states in the next figure is not possible.


Various approaches can be taken, and Chrome seems to default to if you are on the left you are outside the mark, if you are on the right you are inside. This can make the default experience quite confusing. Other browsers deal with this differently again.

Our Approach

We are using ProseMirror and providing two plugins that handle a specialized InputRule (forwards and backwards lookup); and a Decoration plugin that displays a cursor in the correct location indicating if your next character you type will be marked or not.

This is something that can be done a few ways, we tried a &ZeroWidthSpace;, but couldn't get that to be reliable as a decoration and did not want to add to the document state when changing selections. Instead, we added a simple span.fake-cursor that blinks, has a border, and no-width. For this to work correctly, the EditorView briefly makes the default caret transparent when the fake cursor is visible. This cursor is removed when it is not needed.

The plugin also provides specialized handling for navigation events (arrows, backspace, etc.), and we have provided a way to exit the code mark using the arrow keys. This defaults to a mental model of the code-mark is wrapped in backticks when you are navigating. The cursor always moves when you press the arrow key, even though the position in the ProseMirror document does not, instead it toggles on/off a storedMark.

We have also added handlers for jumping between words, to the start & end of line, as well as between lines. These take you outside of the code mark if appropriate.

Handled Actions & Selection Events

Code mark creation

  • `code| → `code`| (create remain outside)
  • |code` → `|code` (create remain inside)
  • ████ → `code` (selected and press `)
  • Inserting ` around an existing code marks does nothing

Enter and Exit

Holding down the arrow key or word/line modifiers should continue to work as expected.

Right Arrow:

  • `code|` → `code`| (exit)
  • |`code` → `|code` (enter)
  • `co██|` → `code|` (selected remains inside)
  • ██|`code` → __|`code` (selected remains outside)
  • `code`|$ → `code`$| (exit end of line)
  • |^`code` → ^|`code` --> (enter line, remain outside)

Left Arrow:

  • `code`| → `code|` (enter)
  • `|code` → |`code` (exit)
  • ^`|code` → ^|`code` (exit at top of paragraph)
  • ^|`code` → |^`code` (exit line)
  • `code`|██ → `code`|__ (selected remains outside)
  • `|██de` → `|code` (selected remains inside)
  • `code`$| → `code`|$ (enter line, remain outside)

Note that for arrow modifiers, there is a bit of extra care that needs to happen for single characters of code.

Home & End

  • Commands ctrl-a, cmd-left, and Home should jump to start, without mark
  • Commands ctrl-e, cmd-right, and End should jump to end, without mark

Up & Down

When navigating between lines, default to outside of the codemark if there is a choice.

Backspace & Delete:

  • `x|` → | (delete text, next insertion normal)
  • `|████` → | (delete full mark, next insertion normal)
  • `|███`█ → | (delete full mark, next insertion normal)


  • Default to outside of the code mark when clicking to a new location in the editor

Browser compatibility

The plugin works great for Chrome at the moment and is pretty solid in Firefox, Safari has different display for where it puts the cursors before a span, so that needs some work.

Made with love by Curvenote



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