promise-circuitbreaker

A circuit breaker implementation

#Install You can install locally with npm install promise-circuitbreaker.

#Introduction A circuit breaker implementation for node with three main features:

  • It wraps "node functions" and uses bluebird Promise library to "promisify" the response.
  • It uses a rolling window to calculate the circuit's health.
  • It can use different error thresholds for different error types.

For more information about the Circuit Breaker pattern you can read Martin Fowler's CircuitBreaker.

The rolling window is based on Netflix's Hystrix, as is the half-open state in which a test request will be made to close the circuit on success.

The package provides two main classes, the CircuitBreaker, and the RequestCircuitBreaker which wraps the request module.

#Quick Start

var mysql = require('mysql'),
    CircuitBreaker = require('promise-circuitbreaker'),
    TimeoutError = CircuitBreaker.TimeoutError,
    OpenCircuitError = CircuitBreaker.OpenCircuitError;
 
var pool = mysql.createPool({
    host: 'localhost',
    database: 'test'
});
 
var cb = new CircuitBreaker(pool.query, pool, {
    timeout: 1000,
    errorThreshold: 0.1
});
 
cb.exec('SELECT sleep(0.1)').spread(function(rowsfields) {
    console.log("OK!", rows);
}).catch(TimeoutError, function(error) {
    console.log("Handle timeout here");
}).catch(OpenCircuitError, function(error) {
    console.log("Handle open circuit error here");
}).catch(function(error) {
    console.log("Handle any error here");
}).finally(function() {
    cb.stopEvents();
    pool.end();
});
 

#Request Circuit Breaker Quick Start

var CircuitBreaker = require('promise-circuitbreaker'),
    RequestCircuitBreaker = CircuitBreaker.RequestCircuitBreaker,
    TimeoutError = CircuitBreaker.TimeoutError,
    OpenCircuitError = CircuitBreaker.OpenCircuitError;
 
var isError = function(errorresponsebody) {
    if (error) return error;
    if (response.statusCode == 503) {
        var unavailableError = new Error();
        unavailableError.name = "ServiceUnavailableError";
        return unavailableError;
    }
    return null;
};
 
var cb = new RequestCircuitBreaker({
    isErrorHandler: isError,
    errorThreshold: 0.1, // allow 10% error rate 
    errorNamesThresholds: {
        ServiceUnavailableError: 0 // but close circuit on first unavailable error 
    }
});
 
cb.exec({url: 'https://graph.facebook.com/19292868552', json: true})
.spread(function(responsepage) {
    console.log(page);
}).catch(TimeoutError, function(error) {
    console.log("Timeout!", error);
}).catch(OpenCircuitError, function(error) {
    console.log("Circuit is open!");
}).catch(function(error) {
    console.log("Other error");
}).finally(function() {
    cb.stopEvents();
});

#Health Window The circuit breaker monitors the health using a rolling window. The total period of time is determined by the number of windows and the size of each window. This is the same as the "buckets" in Netflix's Circuit Breaker The defaults are the same as in Netflix's implementation (10 intervals of 1 second each).

#Concurrency The circuit breaker keeps a count of the current "active" calls. These are calls which have begun but whose callback has not yet been called and which have not yet timedout. Disabled by default, you can configure the circuit breaker to queue requests once the active counter reaches a certain level. This might help you protect your backend by limiting the simultaneous calls made to it. There are, however, some things to keep in mind.

First of all, the wrapped resource might have it's own control. This is the case if you are using a mysql pool of connections, for example. The request module uses pooling which defaults to node's global http.agent.maxSockets. So if you are using the RequestCircuitBreaker, even if you do not restrict the concurrency at the circuit breaker's level, you might notice that there are never more than 5 active connections (per host) which is node's default.

You might want to use the circuit breaker's concurrency throttling to alter this behaviour. Consider a RESTful API, you could set node's (or the request module) pooling to 100 but have different circuit breakers with different concurrency settings for different resources.

However, please notice that the current implementation does not care how much time a call remains in the queue. The timeout control starts once the call is actually executed. So, the end-user could end waiting a more than expected even if the call succeeds very quickly, because it might have spent some time in the queue.

#Example App If you download the project you can run a more complete example. For more information please read its readme.

#Configuration There are several parameters which allow you to configure the circuit breaker's behaviour, allowing you to adjust it to your particular needs. Please look at the docs for more details.

##Volume Threshold The minimum amount of total calls in the health window required to start calculating the circuit's health. The circuit remains closed until this level is reached. You can set it to zero to always calculate the circuit's health. With a positive errorThreshold, this means that if the first request is an error, the circuit will trip.

##Timeout The maximum amount of time the circuit breaker waits for the callback before failing with a TimeoutError. You can set it to zero to disable this functionality. The circuit breaker will only trip on errors.

##Error Threshold The ratio of errors in the current health window which trips (opens) the circuit. The value is expressed as a float between 0 and 1. Setting it two 0 trips the circuit on the first error. Setting it to one, forces the circuit to always remain closed. You can also set a lower error rate for particular errors.

#Running the tests You can run the tests with make test. The main test is written with yadda and run through mocha.

#License The MIT License (MIT)

Copyright (c) 2014 Pablo de León Belloc

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.