plop

    2.7.4 • Public • Published

    Plop

    Micro-generator framework that makes it easy for an entire team to create files with a level of uniformity. plop demo

    Documentation also available on plopjs.com

    Getting Started

    npm   npm   plop on slack

    What is Plop?

    Plop is what I like to call a "micro-generator framework." Now, I call it that because it is a small tool that gives you a simple way to generate code or any other type of flat text files in a consistent way. You see, we all create structures and patterns in our code (routes, controllers, components, helpers, etc). These patterns change and improve over time so when you need to create a NEW insert-name-of-pattern-here, it's not always easy to locate the files in your codebase that represent the current "best practice." That's where plop saves you. With plop, you have your "best practice" method of creating any given pattern in CODE. Code that can easily be run from the terminal by typing plop. Not only does this save you from hunting around in your codebase for the right files to copy, but it also turns "the right way" into "the easiest way" to make new files.

    If you boil plop down to its core, it is basically glue code between inquirer prompts and handlebar templates.

    This documentation is a work in progress. If you have great ideas, I'd love to hear them.

    Installation

    1. Add plop to your project

    $ npm install --save-dev plop
    

    2. Install plop globally (optional, but recommended for easy access)

    $ npm install -g plop
    

    3. Create a plopfile.js at the root of your project

    module.exports = function (plop) {
        // create your generators here
        plop.setGenerator('basics', {
            description: 'this is a skeleton plopfile',
            prompts: [], // array of inquirer prompts
            actions: []  // array of actions
        });
    };

    Your First Plopfile

    A plopfile starts its life as a lowly node module that exports a function which accepts the plop object as its first parameter.

    module.exports = function (plop) {};

    The plop object exposes the plop api object which contains the setGenerator(name, config) function. This is the function that you use to (wait for it) create a generator for this plopfile. When plop is run from the terminal in this directory (or any sub-directory), a list of these generators will be displayed.

    Let's try setting up a basic generator to see how that looks.

    module.exports = function (plop) {
        // controller generator
        plop.setGenerator('controller', {
            description: 'application controller logic',
            prompts: [{
                type: 'input',
                name: 'name',
                message: 'controller name please'
            }],
            actions: [{
                type: 'add',
                path: 'src/{{name}}.js',
                templateFile: 'plop-templates/controller.hbs'
            }]
        });
    };

    The controller generator we created above will ask us 1 question, and create 1 file. This can be expanded to ask as many questions as needed, and create as many files as needed. There are also additional actions that can be used to alter our codebase in different ways.

    Using Prompts

    Plop uses the inquirer.js library to gather user data. A list of prompt types can be found on the inquirer official website.

    CLI Usage

    Once plop is installed, and you have created a generator, you are ready to run plop from the terminal. Running plop with no parameters will present you with a list of generators to pick from. You can also run plop [generatorName] to trigger a generator directly. If you did not install plop globally, you will need to setup an npm script to run plop for you.

    // package.json
    {
        ...,
        "scripts": {
            "plop": "plop"
        },
        ...
    }

    Bypassing Prompts

    Once you get to know a project (and its generators) well, you may want to provide answers to the prompts when you run the generator. If I have (for instance) a component generator that has one prompt (name), I can run that generator using plop component "some component name" and it will immediately execute as though I had typed "some component name" into the prompt. If that same generator had a second prompt, the same input would have resulted in the user being prompted for the second value.

    Prompts like confirm and list try to make sense of your input as best they can. For instance entering "y", "yes", "t", or "true" for a confirm prompt will result in a boolean true value. You can select items from a list using their value, index, key, or name. Checkbox prompts can accept a comma separated list of values in order to select multiples.

    plop bypass demo

    If you want to provide bypass input for the second prompt but not the first, you can use an underscore "_" to skip the bypass (ie plop component _ "input for second prompt").

    Plop comes with bypass logic built-in for standard inquirer prompts, but there are also ways to provide custom logic for how to handle user input for a specific prompt.

    If you have published a 3rd party inquirer prompt plugin and would like to support bypass functionality for plop users out of the box, that is covered in another section of this documentation.

    Bypassing Prompts (by Name)

    You can also bypass prompts by name using -- and then providing arguments for each prompt that you'd like to bypass. Examples below.

    Bypass Examples

    ## Bypassing both prompt 1 and 2
    $ plop component "my component" react
    $ plop component -- --name "my component" --type react
    
    ## Bypassing only prompt 2 (will be prompted for name)
    $ plop component _ react
    $ plop component -- --type react
    

    Running a Generator Forcefully

    By default Plop actions keep your files safe by failing when things look fishy. The most obvious example of this is not allowing an add action to overwrite a file that already exists. Plop actions individually support the force property but you can also use the --force flag when running Plop from the terminal. Using the --force flag will tell every action to run forcefully. With great power...🕷

    Why Generators?

    Because when you create your boilerplate separate from your code, you naturally put more time and thought into it.

    Because saving your team (or yourself) 5-15 minutes when creating every route, component, controller, helper, test, view, etc... really adds up.

    Because context switching is expensive and saving time is not the only benefit to automating workflows

    Plopfile Api

    The plopfile api is the collection of methods that are exposed by the plop object. Most of the work is done by setGenerator but this section documents the other methods that you may also find useful in your plopfile.

    TypeScript Declarations

    plop bundles TypeScript declarations. Whether or not you write your plopfile in TypeScript, many editors will offer code assistance via these declarations.

    // plopfile.ts
    import {NodePlopAPI} from 'plop';
     
    export default function (plop: NodePlopAPI) {
      // plop generator code
    };
    // plopfile.js
    module.exports = function (
        /** @type {import('plop').NodePlopAPI} */
        plop
    ) {
        // plop generator code
    };

    Main Methods

    These are the methods you will commonly use when creating a plopfile. Other methods that are mostly for internal use are list in the other methods section.

    Method Parameters Returns Description
    setGenerator String, GeneratorConfig GeneratorConfig setup a generator
    setHelper String, Function setup handlebars helper
    setPartial String, String setup a handlebars partial
    setActionType String, CustomAction register a custom action type
    setPrompt String, InquirerPrompt registers a custom prompt type with inquirer
    load Array[String], Object, Object loads generators, helpers and/or partials from another plopfile or npm module

    setHelper

    setHelper directly corresponds to the handlebars method registerHelper. So if you are familiar with handlebars helpers, then you already know how this works.

    module.exports = function (plop) {
        plop.setHelper('upperCase', function (text) {
            return text.toUpperCase();
        });
     
        // or in es6/es2015
        plop.setHelper('upperCase', (txt) => txt.toUpperCase());
    };

    setPartial

    setPartial directly corresponds to the handlebars method registerPartial. So if you are familiar with handlebars partials, then you already know how this works.

    module.exports = function (plop) {
        plop.setPartial('myTitlePartial', '<h1>{{titleCase name}}</h1>');
        // used in template as {{> myTitlePartial }}
    };

    setActionType

    setActionType allows you to create your own actions (similar to add or modify) that can be used in your plopfiles. These are basically highly reusable custom action functions.

    FunctionSignature Custom Action

    Parameters Type Description
    answers Object Answers to the generator prompts
    config ActionConfig The object in the "actions" array for the generator
    plop PlopfileApi The plop api for the plopfile where this action is being run
    module.exports = function (plop) {
     
        plop.setActionType('doTheThing', function (answers, config, plop) {
            // do something
            doSomething(config.configProp);
            // if something went wrong
            throw 'error message';
            // otherwise
            return 'success status message';
        });
     
        // or do async things inside of an action
        plop.setActionType('doTheAsyncThing', function (answers, config, plop) {
            // do something
            return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
                if (success) {
                    resolve('success status message');
                } else {
                    reject('error message');
                }
            });
        });
     
        // use the custom action
        plop.setGenerator('test', {
            prompts: [],
            actions: [{
                type: 'doTheThing',
                configProp: 'available from the config param'
            }, {
                type: 'doTheAsyncThing',
                speed: 'slow'
            }]
        });
    };

    setPrompt

    Inquirer provides many types of prompts out of the box, but it also allows developers to build prompt plugins. If you'd like to use a prompt plugin, you can register it with setPrompt. For more details see the Inquirer documentation for registering prompts. Also check out the plop community driven list of custom prompts.

    const promptDirectory = require('inquirer-directory');
    module.exports = function (plop) {
        plop.setPrompt('directory', promptDirectory);
        plop.setGenerator('test', {
            prompts: [{
                type: 'directory',
                ...
            }]
        });
    };

    setGenerator

    The config object needs to include prompts and actions (description is optional). The prompts array is passed to inquirer. The actions array is a list of actions to take (described in greater detail below)

    Interface GeneratorConfig

    Property Type Default Description
    description [String] short description of what this generator does
    prompts Array[InquirerQuestion] questions to ask the user
    actions Array[ActionConfig] actions to perform

    If your list of actions needs to be dynamic, take a look at using a dynamic actions array.

    Interface ActionConfig

    The following properties are the standard properties that plop handles internally. Other properties will be required depending on the type of action. Also take a look at the built-in actions.

    Property Type Default Description
    type String the type of action (add, modify, addMany, etc)
    force Boolean false performs the action forcefully (means different things depending on the action)
    data Object / Function {} specifies data that should be mixed with user prompt answers when running this action
    abortOnFail Boolean true if this action fails for any reason abort all future actions
    skip Function an optional function that specifies if the action should run

    The data property on any ActionConfig can also be a Function that returns an Object or a Function that returns a Promise that resolves with an Object.

    The skip function on any ActionConfig is optional and should return a string if the action should be skipped. The return value is the reason to skip the action.

    Instead of an Action Object, a function can also be used

    Other Methods

    Method Parameters Returns Description
    getHelper String Function get the helper function
    getHelperList Array[String] get a list of helper names
    getPartial String String get a handlebars partial by name
    getPartialList Array[String] get a list of partial names
    getActionType String CustomAction get an actionType by name
    getActionTypeList Array[String] get a list of actionType names
    setWelcomeMessage String Customizes the displayed message that asks you to choose a generator when you run plop.
    getGenerator String GeneratorConfig get the GeneratorConfig by name
    getGeneratorList Array[Object] gets an array of generator names and descriptions
    setPlopfilePath String set the plopfilePath value which is used internally to locate resources like template files
    getPlopfilePath String returns the absolute path to the plopfile in use
    getDestBasePath String returns the base path that is used when creating files
    setDefaultInclude Object Object sets the default config that will be used for this plopfile if it is consumed by another plopfile using plop.load()
    getDefaultInclude String Object gets the default config that will be used for this plopfile if it is consumed by another plopfile using plop.load()
    renderString String, Object String Runs the first parameter (String) through the handlebars template renderer using the second parameter (Object) as the data. Returns the rendered template.

    Built-In Actions

    There are several types of built-in actions you can use in your GeneratorConfig. You specify which type of action (all paths are based on the location of the plopfile), and a template to use.

    The Add, AddMany and Modify actions have an optional transform method that can be used to transform the template result before it is written to disk. The transform function receives the template result or file contents as a string and the action data as arguments. It must return a string or a Promise that resolves to a string.

    Add

    The add action is used to (you guessed it) add a file to your project. The path property is a handlebars template that will be used to create the file by name. The file contents will be determined by the template or templateFile property.

    Property Type Default Description
    path String a handlebars template that (when rendered) is the path of the new file
    template String a handlebars template that should be used to build the new file
    templateFile String a path a file containing the template
    skipIfExists Boolean false skips a file if it already exists (instead of failing)
    transform Function an optional function that can be used to transform the template result before writing the file to disk
    skip Function inherited from ActionConfig
    force Boolean false inherited from ActionConfig (overwrites files if they exist)
    data Object {} inherited from ActionConfig
    abortOnFail Boolean true inherited from ActionConfig

    AddMany

    The addMany action can be used to add multiple files to your project with a single action. The destination property is a handlebars template that will be used to identify the folder that the generated files should go into. The base property can be used to alter what section of the template paths should be omitted when creating files. The paths located by the templateFiles glob can use handlebars syntax in their file/folder names if you'd like the added file names to be unique (example: {{ dashCase name }}.spec.js).

    Property Type Default Description
    destination String a handlebars template that (when rendered) is the destination folder for the new files
    base String the section of the path that should be excluded when adding files to the destination folder
    templateFiles Glob glob pattern that matches multiple template files to be added
    stripExtensions [String] ['hbs'] file extensions that should be stripped from templateFiles files names while being added to the destination
    globOptions Object glob options that change how to match to the template files to be added
    verbose Boolean true print each successfully added file path
    transform Function an optional function that can be used to transform the template result before writing each file to disk
    skip Function inherited from ActionConfig
    skipIfExists Boolean false inherited from Add (skips a file if it already exists)
    force Boolean false inherited from ActionConfig (overwrites files if they exist)
    data Object {} inherited from ActionConfig
    abortOnFail Boolean true inherited from ActionConfig

    Modify

    The modify action can be used two ways. You can use a pattern property to find/replace text in the file located at the path specified, or you can use a transform function to transform the file contents. Both pattern and transform can be used at the same time (transform will happen last). More details on modify can be found in the example folder.

    Property Type Default Description
    path String handlebars template that (when rendered) is the path of the file to be modified
    pattern RegExp end‑of‑file regular expression used to match text that should be replaced
    template String handlebars template that should replace what was matched by the pattern. capture groups are available as $1, $2, etc
    templateFile String path a file containing the template
    transform Function an optional function that can be used to transform the file before writing it to disk
    skip Function inherited from ActionConfig
    data Object {} inherited from ActionConfig
    abortOnFail Boolean true inherited from ActionConfig

    Append

    The append action is a commonly used subset of modify. It is used to append data in a file at a particular location.

    Property Type Default Description
    path String handlebars template that (when rendered) is the path of the file to be modified
    pattern RegExp, String regular expression used to match text where the append should happen
    unique Boolean true whether identical entries should be removed
    separator String new line the value that separates entries
    template String handlebars template to be used for the entry
    templateFile String path a file containing the template
    data Object {} inherited from ActionConfig
    abortOnFail Boolean true inherited from ActionConfig

    Custom (Action Function)

    The Add and Modify actions will take care of almost every case that plop is designed to handle. However, plop does offer custom action functions for the node/js guru. A custom action function is a function that is provided in the actions array.

    • Custom action functions are executed by plop with the same CustomAction function signature.
    • Plop will wait for the custom action to complete before executing the next action.
    • The function must let plop known what’s happening through the return value. If you return a Promise, we won’t start other actions until the promise resolves. If you return a message (String), we know that the action is done and we’ll report the message in the status of the action.
    • A custom action fails if the promise is rejected, or the function throws an Exception

    See the example plopfile for a sample synchronous custom action.

    Comments

    Comment lines can be added to the actions array by adding a string in place of an action config object. Comments are printed to the screen when plop comes to them and have no functionality of their own.

    Built-In Helpers

    There are a few helpers that I have found useful enough to include with plop. They are mostly case modifiers, but here is the complete list.

    Case Modifiers

    • camelCase: changeFormatToThis
    • snakeCase: change_format_to_this
    • dashCase/kebabCase: change-format-to-this
    • dotCase: change.format.to.this
    • pathCase: change/format/to/this
    • properCase/pascalCase: ChangeFormatToThis
    • lowerCase: change format to this
    • sentenceCase: Change format to this,
    • constantCase: CHANGE_FORMAT_TO_THIS
    • titleCase: Change Format To This

    Other Helpers

    • pkg: look up a property from a package.json file in the same folder as the plopfile.

    Taking it Further

    There is not a lot needed to get up and running on some basic generators. However, if you want to take your plop-fu further, read on young padawan.

    Using a Dynamic Actions Array

    Alternatively, the actions property of the GeneratorConfig can itself be a function that takes the answers data as a parameter and returns the actions array.

    This allows you to adapt the actions array based on provided answers:

    module.exports = function (plop) {
        plop.setGenerator('test', {
            prompts: [{
                type: 'confirm',
                name: 'wantTacos',
                message: 'Do you want tacos?'
            }],
            actions: function(data) {
                var actions = [];
     
                if(data.wantTacos) {
                    actions.push({
                        type: 'add',
                        path: 'folder/{{dashCase name}}.txt',
                        templateFile: 'templates/tacos.txt'
                    });
                } else {
                    actions.push({
                        type: 'add',
                        path: 'folder/{{dashCase name}}.txt',
                        templateFile: 'templates/burritos.txt'
                    });
                }
     
                return actions;
            }
        });
    };

    3rd Party Prompt Bypass

    If you have written an inquirer prompt plugin and want to support plop's bypass functionality, the process is pretty simple. The plugin object that your prompt exports should have a bypass function. This bypass function will be run by plop with the user's input as the first parameter and the prompt config object as the second parameter. The value that this function returns will be added to the answer data object for that prompt.

    // My confirmation inquirer plugin
    module.exports = MyConfirmPluginConstructor;
    function MyConfirmPluginConstructor() {
        // ...your main plugin code
        this.bypass = (rawValue, promptConfig) => {
            const lowerVal = rawValue.toString().toLowerCase();
            const trueValues = ['t', 'true', 'y', 'yes'];
            const falseValues = ['f', 'false', 'n', 'no'];
            if (trueValues.includes(lowerVal)) return true;
            if (falseValues.includes(lowerVal)) return false;
            throw Error(`"${rawValue}" is not a valid ${promptConfig.type} value`);
        };
        return this;
    }

    For the above example, the bypass function takes the user's text input and turns it into a Boolean value that will be used as the prompt answer data.

    Adding Bypass Support to Your Plopfile

    If the 3rd party prompt plugin you are using does not support bypass by default, you can add the bypass function above to your prompt's config object and plop will use it for handling bypass data for that prompt.

    Wrapping Plop

    Plop provides a lot of powerful functionality "for free". This utility is so powerful, in fact, that you can even wrap plop into your own CLI project. To do so, you only need a plopfile.js, a package.json, and a template to reference.

    Your index.js file should look like the following:

    #!/usr/bin/env node
    const path = require('path');
    const args = process.argv.slice(2);
    const {Plop, run} = require('plop');
    const argv = require('minimist')(args);
     
    Plop.launch({
      cwd: argv.cwd,
      // In order for `plop` to always pick up the `plopfile.js` despite the CWD, you must use `__dirname`
      configPath: path.join(__dirname, 'plopfile.js'),
      require: argv.require,
      completion: argv.completion
    // This will merge the `plop` argv and the generator argv.
    // This means that you don't need to use `--` anymore
    }, env => run(env, undefined, true));

    Be aware that if you choose to use the env => run(env, undefined, true)), you may run into command merging issues when using generator arg passing.

    If you'd like to opt-out of this behavior and act like plop does (requiring -- before passing named arguments to generators) simply replace the env => arrow function with run:

    Plop.launch({}, run);

    And your package.json should look like the following:

    {
      "name": "create-your-name-app",
      "version": "1.0.0",
      "main": "index.js",
      "scripts": {
        "start": "plop",
      },
      "bin": {
        "create-your-name-app": "./index.js"
      },
      "preferGlobal": true,
      "dependencies": {
        "plop": "^2.6.0"
      }
    }

    Setting the base destination path for the wrapper

    When wrapping plop, you might want to have the destination path to be based on the cwd when running the wrapper. You can configure the dest base path like this:

    Plop.launch({
        // config like above
    }, env => {
        const options = {
            ...env,
            dest: process.cwd() // this will make the destination path to be based on the cwd when calling the wrapper
        }
        return run(options, undefined, true)
    })

    Adding General CLI Actions

    Many CLI utilities handle some actions for you, such as running git init or npm install once the template is generated.

    While we'd like to provide these actions, we also want to keep the core actions limited in scope. As such, we maintain a collection of libraries built to add these actions to Plop in our Awesome Plop list. There, you'll be able to find options for those actions, or even build your own and add it to the list!

    Further Customization

    While plop provides a great level of customization for CLI utility wrappers, there may be usecases where you simply want more control over the CLI experience while also utilizing the template generation code.

    Luckily, node-plop may be for you! It's what the plop CLI itself is built upon and can be easily extended for other usage in the CLI. However, be warned, documentation is not quite as fleshed out for integration with node-plop. That is to say Thar be dragons.

    We note lackluster documentation on node-plop integration not as a point of pride, but rather a word of warning. If you'd like to contribute documentation to the project, please do so! We always welcome and encourage contributions!

    Install

    npm i plop

    Homepage

    plopjs.com

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    296,143

    Version

    2.7.4

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    61.8 kB

    Total Files

    19

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • amwmedia