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pino  Build Status Coverage Status TypeScript definitions on DefinitelyTyped

Extremely fast node.js logger, inspired by Bunyan. It also includes a shell utility to pretty-print its log files.

cli

Install

npm install pino --save

If you need support for Node.js v0.12 or v0.10, please install the latest 2.x release using the legacy tag:

npm install pino@legacy --save

Documentation for the legacy version 2.x is available on the v2.x.x branch.

Usage

'use strict'
 
var pino = require('pino')()
 
pino.info('hello world')
pino.error('this is at error level')
pino.info('the answer is %d', 42)
pino.info({ obj: 42 }, 'hello world')
pino.info({ obj: 42, b: 2 }, 'hello world')
pino.info({ obj: { aa: 'bbb' } }, 'another')
setImmediate(function () {
  pino.info('after setImmediate')
})
pino.error(new Error('an error'))
 
var child = pino.child({ a: 'property' })
child.info('hello child!')
 
var childsChild = child.child({ another: 'property' })
childsChild.info('hello baby..')
 

This produces:

{"pid":94473,"hostname":"MacBook-Pro-3.home","level":30,"msg":"hello world","time":1459529098958,"v":1}
{"pid":94473,"hostname":"MacBook-Pro-3.home","level":50,"msg":"this is at error level","time":1459529098959,"v":1}
{"pid":94473,"hostname":"MacBook-Pro-3.home","level":30,"msg":"the answer is 42","time":1459529098960,"v":1}
{"pid":94473,"hostname":"MacBook-Pro-3.home","level":30,"msg":"hello world","time":1459529098960,"obj":42,"v":1}
{"pid":94473,"hostname":"MacBook-Pro-3.home","level":30,"msg":"hello world","time":1459529098960,"obj":42,"b":2,"v":1}
{"pid":94473,"hostname":"MacBook-Pro-3.home","level":30,"msg":"another","time":1459529098960,"obj":{"aa":"bbb"},"v":1}
{"pid":94473,"hostname":"MacBook-Pro-3.home","level":50,"msg":"an error","time":1459529098961,"type":"Error","stack":"Error: an error\n    at Object.<anonymous> (/Users/davidclements/z/nearForm/pino/example.js:14:12)\n    at Module._compile (module.js:435:26)\n    at Object.Module._extensions..js (module.js:442:10)\n    at Module.load (module.js:356:32)\n    at Function.Module._load (module.js:311:12)\n    at Function.Module.runMain (module.js:467:10)\n    at startup (node.js:136:18)\n    at node.js:963:3","v":1}
{"pid":94473,"hostname":"MacBook-Pro-3.home","level":30,"msg":"hello child!","time":1459529098962,"a":"property","v":1}
{"pid":94473,"hostname":"MacBook-Pro-3.home","level":30,"msg":"hello baby..","time":1459529098962,"another":"property","a":"property","v":1}
{"pid":94473,"hostname":"MacBook-Pro-3.home","level":30,"msg":"after setImmediate","time":1459529098963,"v":1}
 

## Benchmarks As far as we know, it is one of the fastest loggers in town:

pino.info('hello world'):

benchBunyan*10000: 1355.229ms
benchWinston*10000: 2226.117ms
benchBole*10000: 291.727ms
benchDebug*10000: 445.291ms
benchLogLevel*10000: 322.181ms
benchPino*10000: 269.109ms
benchPinoExtreme*10000: 102.239ms

pino.info({'hello': 'world'}):

benchBunyanObj*10000: 1464.568ms
benchWinstonObj*10000: 2177.602ms
benchBoleObj*10000: 322.105ms
benchLogLevelObject*10000: 1443.148ms
benchPinoObj*10000: 309.564ms
benchPinoUnsafeObj*10000: 301.308ms
benchPinoExtremeObj*10000: 130.343ms
benchPinoUnsafeExtremeObj*10000: 131.322ms

pino.info(aBigDeeplyNestedObject):

benchBunyanDeepObj*10000: 8749.174ms
benchWinstonDeepObj*10000: 17761.409ms
benchBoleDeepObj*10000: 5252.563ms
benchLogLevelDeepObj*10000: 43518.525ms
benchPinoDeepObj*10000: 5124.361ms
benchPinoUnsafeDeepObj*10000: 3539.253ms
benchPinoExtremeDeepObj*10000: 5138.457ms
benchPinoUnsafeExtremeDeepObj*10000: 3480.270ms

pino.info('hello %s %j %d', 'world', {obj: true}, 4, {another: 'obj'}):

benchDebugInterpolateExtra*10000: 640.001ms
benchBunyanInterpolateExtra*10000: 2888.825ms
benchWinstonInterpolateExtra*10000: 2616.285ms
benchBoleInterpolateExtra*10000: 1313.470ms
benchLogLevelInterpolateExtra*10000: 1487.610ms
benchPinoInterpolateExtra*10000: 486.367ms
benchPinoUnsafeInterpolateExtra*10000: 457.778ms
benchPinoExtremeInterpolateExtra*10000: 314.635ms
benchPinoUnsafeExtremeInterpolateExtra*10000: 294.915ms

In many cases, pino is over 6x faster than alternatives.

For a fair comparison, LogLevel was extended to include a timestamp and bole had fastTime mode switched on.

## Pino in the browser

Pino is compatible with browserify for browser side usage:

This can be useful with isomorphic/universal JavaScript code.

By default, in the browser, pino uses corresponding Log4j console methods (console.error, console.warn, console.info, console.debug, console.trace) and uses console.error for any fatal level logs.

Browser Options

Pino can be passed a browser object in the options object, which can have a write property or an asObject property.

asObject (Boolean)

var pino = require('pino')({browser: {asObject: true}})

The asObject option will create a pino-like log object instead of passing all arguments to a console method, for instance:

pino.info('hi') // creates and logs {msg: 'hi', level: 30, time: <ts>} 

When write is set, asObject will always be true.

write (Function | Object)

Instead of passing log messages to console.log they can be passed to a supplied function.

If write is set to a single function, all logging objects are passed to this function.

var pino = require('pino')({browser: {write: (o) => {
  // do something with o 
}}})

If write is an object, it can have methods that correspond to the levels. When a message is logged at a given level, the corresponding method is called. If a method isn't present, the logging falls back to using the console.

var pino = require('pino')({browser: {write: {
  info: function (o) {
    //process info log object 
  },
  error: function (o) { 
    //process error log object 
  }
}}})

## Caveats

There's some fine points to be aware of, which are a result of worthwhile trade-offs:

11 Arguments

The logger functions (e.g. pino.info) can take a maximum of 11 arguments.

If you need more than that to write a log entry, you're probably doing it wrong.

Duplicate Keys

It's possible for naming conflicts to arise between child loggers and children of child loggers.

This isn't as bad as it sounds, even if you do use the same keys between parent and child loggers Pino resolves the conflict in the sanest way.

For example, consider the following:

var pino = require('pino')
var fs = require('fs')
pino(fs.createWriteStream('./my-log'))
  .child({a: 'property'})
  .child({a: 'prop'})
  .info('howdy')
$ cat my-log
{"pid":95469,"hostname":"MacBook-Pro-3.home","level":30,"msg":"howdy","time":1459534114473,"a":"property","a":"prop","v":1}

Notice how there's two key's named a in the JSON output. The sub-childs properties appear after the parent child properties. This means if we run our logs through pino -t (or convert them to objects in any other way) we'll end up with one a property whose value corresponds to the lowest child in the hierarchy:

$ cat my-log | pino -t
{"pid":95469,"hostname":"MacBook-Pro-3.home","level":30,"msg":"howdy","time":"2016-04-01T18:08:34.473Z","a":"prop","v":1}

This equates to the same log output that Bunyan supplies.

One of Pino's performance tricks is to avoid building objects and stringifying them, so we're building strings instead. This is why duplicate keys between parents and children will end up in log output.

## The Team

Matteo Collina

https://github.com/pinojs

https://www.npmjs.com/~matteo.collina

https://twitter.com/matteocollina

David Mark Clements

https://github.com/davidmarkclements

https://www.npmjs.com/~davidmarkclements

https://twitter.com/davidmarkclem

James Sumners

https://github.com/jsumners

https://www.npmjs.com/~jsumners

https://twitter.com/jsumners79

Thomas Watson Steen

https://github.com/watson

https://www.npmjs.com/~watson

https://twitter.com/wa7son

Chat on Gitter

https://gitter.im/pinojs/pino

Contributing

Pino is an OPEN Open Source Project. This means that:

Individuals making significant and valuable contributions are given commit-access to the project to contribute as they see fit. This project is more like an open wiki than a standard guarded open source project.

See the CONTRIBUTING.md file for more details.

## Acknowledgements

This project was kindly sponsored by nearForm.

Logo and identity designed by Beibhinn Murphy O'Brien: https://www.behance.net/BeibhinnMurphyOBrien.

License

Licensed under MIT.