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picolog

1.0.4 • Public • Published

picolog v1.0.4

Tiny logging helper for use in the browser, Node and Nashorn

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Yet another logging library?

No. Picolog is much less than that.

All Picolog is, is a tiny shim that lets you safely log to the console without having to worry about environments where no console object is available. It just adds one feature: logging levels.

Because it uses native logging under the hood and it's 48 lines of code weigh in at just 945 bytes minified and zipped, it allows you to keep your logging statements around in your production builds without having to worry about size/performance or polluting the user's log with too many messages.

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Install

If you are using NPM, you can install picolog with this command:

npm install --save picolog

By adding --save, we instruct NPM to add a dependency on the latest version of picolog to your package.json file.

Include on your page

Picolog can be used directly from CDN, from a local script file, or from a module loader.

CDN

This is by far the easiest method and gives good performance to boost. Use this if you are in doubt.

<script src="https://cdn.rawgit.com/download/picolog/1.0.4/dist/picolog.min.js"></script>

Local script file

Download picolog.min.js, place it in a folder lib on your website and include it like this:

<script src="lib/picolog.min.js"></script>

Module loaders

Picolog implements the Universal Module Pattern and as such, is available to be consumed from Node modules as well as via an AMD loader such as RequireJS.

Node

var log = require('picolog');
log.info('Picolog is loaded');

AMD

define(['picolog'], function(log){
    log.info('Picolog is loaded');
});

To be able to load Picolog from CDN as an AMD module, configure the CDN url like so (note the absence of .js in the url):

require.config({
    paths: {
        'picolog': 'https://cdn.rawgit.com/download/picolog/1.0.4/dist/picolog.min'
    }
});

Using Picolog as a console replacement

Sometimes scripts beyond your control are logging to the console and you wish you could influence their output. In environments where you are allowed to replace the console, picolog can be a solution:

// assuming `log` is the picolog object
var orgConsole;
if (typeof console == 'object') {
    orgConsole = console; // hang on to original
    console = log;
    if (console !== log) {
        log.log('Replacing the console is not allowed in this environment');
    }
}

Using Picolog in Nashorn

Since Java 8, the JVM comes with a built-in Javascript interpreter called Nashorn. Nashorn does not as of yet support any module loaders, but you can load Picolog directly into the interpreter like this:

ScriptEngine engine = new ScriptEngineManager().getEngineByName("nashorn");
// Load picolog from classpath 
ClassLoader loader = this.getClass().getClassLoader();
InputStream resource = loader.getResourceAsStream("my/pkg/picolog.min.js")
InputStreamReader picolog = new InputStreamReader(resource, "utf-8");
// Or, load picolog from the file system 
FileReader picolog = new FileReader("/file/path/to/picolog.min.js");
// Add it to the script engine 
engine.eval(picolog);

You can use ClassLoader.getResourceAsStream to read the script file from your classpath. This allows you to bundle the script inside your JAR/WAR and read it directly from there using just the 'package' in which the script resides. Alternatively, you can use new FileReader(path), where path is a filepath, absolute, or relative to the current directory.

Logging methods

Picolog defines 6 logging methods, which correspond with available log levels:

log.error('This logs an ERROR message');
log.warn('This logs a WARN message');
log.info('This logs an INFO message');
log.log('This logs a LOG message');
log.debug('This logs a DEBUG message');
log.trace('This logs a TRACE message');

Picolog does not mess with your stacktrace or line numbers. Line numbers shown in the console will be from your code, not from some wrapper function..

Logging levels

Picolog defines 6 logging levels, which correspond with the available logging methods:

log.ERROR; // 1
log.WARN;  // 2
log.INFO;  // 3
log.LOG;   // 4
log.DEBUG; // 5
log.TRACE; // 6

In addition, there is a 7th level that completely disables all logging:

log.NONE;  // 0

To get or set the log level, we use the log.level property:

if (log.level >= log.INFO) {
    log.info('This message will be logged');
}
log.level = log.WARN;
log.info('This info message will NOT be logged.');
log.warn('This warning message WILL be logged.');
log.level = log.NONE;
log.error('Logging is completely disabled.');

By default, the log level is set to log.WARN so under normal conditions there will be no logging.

To change the log level on a web page we are looking at we can do two things:

  1. Open the console and manually set the log level from there
  2. Add a parameter to the url of the page we want to inspect (browsers only)

When we set the log level in the console, new messages logged at or above that level will start to appear, but we will not see the messages that were logged before that moment. To make sure we see our log messages from the very first moment the page is loaded, we can set the log level as a querystring parameter named log, like this:

http://www.example.com/?log=debug

Both the uppercase and lowercase names of the log levels work, as well as their numerical value.

When using picolog on Node JS, we can set an environment variable PICOLOG_LEVEL and it will be picked up by picolog when it loads:

C:\ws\picolog>set PICOLOG_LEVEL=debug
 
C:\ws\picolog>node tests/test-env.js
Testing picolog. process.env.PICOLOG_LEVEL=debug
 v  `log.level` is set to `log.DEBUG`
 v  All tests OK!

Using picolog as a polyfill

As of version 1.0.0, picolog supports all functions in the NodeJS Console API, so you should be able to use it as a polyfill in environments where there is no console available (e.g. Nashorn):

// assuming you already made sure there is a `global` object
global.console = log;
console.info('Nashorn can do logging to!');

Performance considerations

The logging methods on the log object that correspond to a log level which is higher than the currently set level, are replaced by no-op methods. As such, you generally don't have to worry about the performance overhead of leaving the log statements in the production code. There is one exception to this rule though. If preparing the message itself is a costly operation, you may want to surround the log code with an if (log.level >= myLevel) statement:

if (log.level >= log.INFO) {
    var message = doLotsOfWorkToGenerateLogMessage();
    log.info(message);
}

Copyright

Copyright 2015 by Stijn de Witt. Some rights reserved.

License

Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC-BY-4.0) Open Source license.

install

npm i picolog

Downloadsweekly downloads

145

version

1.0.4

license

CC-BY-4.0

repository

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