Phoenix LiveView enables rich, real-time user experiences with server-rendered HTML.
After you install Elixir in your machine, you can create your first LiveView app in two steps:
$ mix archive.install hex phx_new $ mix phx.new demo --live
News from the Phoenix team on LiveView:
See our existing comprehensive docs and examples to get up to speed:
- Phoenix.LiveViewTest for testing docs
- LiveView example repo with a handful of examples from Weather widgets, autocomplete search, and games like Snake or Pacman
There are currently two methods for installing LiveView. For projects that require more stability, it is recommended that you install using the installation guide on HexDocs. If you want to use the latest features, you should follow the instructions given in the markdown file here.
What makes LiveView unique?
LiveView is server centric. You no longer have to worry about managing both client and server to keep things in sync. LiveView automatically updates the client as changes happen on the server.
LiveView is first rendered statically as part of regular HTTP requests, which provides quick times for "First Meaningful Paint", in addition to helping search and indexing engines.
Then LiveView uses a persistent connection between client and server. This allows LiveView applications to react faster to user events as there is less work to be done and less data to be sent compared to stateless requests that have to authenticate, decode, load, and encode data on every request.
When LiveView was first announced, many developers from different backgrounds got inspired about the potential unlocked by LiveView to build rich, real-time user experiences. We believe LiveView is built on top of a solid foundation that makes LiveView hard to replicate anywhere else:
LiveView is built on top of the Elixir programming language and functional programming, which provides a great model for reasoning about your code and how your LiveView changes over time.
By building on top of a scalable platform, LiveView scales well vertically (from small to large instances) and horizontally (by adding more instances). This allows you to continue shipping features when more and more users join your application, instead of dealing with performance issues.
LiveView performs diff tracking: whenever you change a value on the server, LiveView will send to the client only the values that changed, drastically reducing the latency and the amount of data sent over the wire. This is achievable thanks to Elixir's immutability and its ability to treat code as data.
LiveView separates the static and dynamic parts of your templates. When you first render a page, Phoenix LiveView renders and sends the whole template to the browser. Then, for any new update, only the modified dynamic content is resent. This alongside diff tracking makes it so LiveView only sends a few bytes on every update, instead of sending kilobytes on every other user interaction - which would be detrimental to the user experience.
Finally, LiveView has been used by many developers and companies around the world, which helped us close the gaps in our feature set and make sure LiveView is ready for prime time. For example, you will find:
a latency simulator allows developers to simulate how their application behave under slow connections
LiveComponents help developers compartmentalize their templates, state, and event handling into reusable bits, which is essential in large applications
Live navigation enriches links and redirects to only load the minimum amount of content as users navigate between pages
Fine-grained control for handling client events, DOM patching, rate limiting, and more
Testing tools that allow you to write a confident test suite without the complexity of running a whole browser alongside your tests
In other words, LiveView provides a rich feature set for great developer and user experiences.
All current Chrome, Safari, Firefox, and MS Edge are supported. IE11 support is available with the following polyfills:
$ npm install --save --prefix assets mdn-polyfills url-search-params-polyfill formdata-polyfill child-replace-with-polyfill classlist-polyfill @webcomponents/template shim-keyboard-event-key core-js
shim-keyboard-event-key polyfill is also required for MS Edge 12-18.