npm

npm’s 2019 JavaScript ecosystem survey analysis is now available!Get your copy here »

pg-async

3.1.0 • Public • Published

pg-async

Npm Version NPM downloads Dependency Status devDependency Status Build Status Coverage Status Join the chat at https://gitter.im/langpavel/node-pg-async

Tiny but powerful Promise based PostgreSQL client for node.js designed for easy use with ES7 async/await.
Based on node-postgres (known as pg in npm registry). Can use pg or native pg-native backend.

Example

import PgAsync, {SQL} from 'pg-async';
 
// using default connection
const pgAsync = new PgAsync();
 
const userTable = 'user';
const sqlUserByLogin = (login) => SQL`
  select id
  from $ID${userTable}
  where login = ${login}
`;
 
async function setPassword(login, newPwd) {
  const userId = await pgAsync.value(sqlUserByLogin(login));
  // userId is guaranted here,
  // pgAsync.value requires query yielding exactly one row with one column.
  await pgAsync.query(SQL`
    update $ID${userTable} set
      passwd = ${newPwd}
    where userId = ${userId}
  `);
}
 

Install

$ npm install --save pg-async

API

Configuring Connection Options

new PgAsync([connectionOptions], [driver])
  • The default export of pg-async is PgAsync class which let you configure connection options
  • Connection options defaults to pg.defaults
  • Optional driver let you choose underlying library
  • To use the native bindings you must npm install --save pg-native
import PgAsync from 'pg-async';
 
// using default connection
const pgAsync = new PgAsync();
 
// using connection string
const pgAsync = new PgAsync('postgres://user:secret@host:port/database');
 
// using connection object
const pgAsync = new PgAsync({user, password, host, port, database, ...});
 
// using default for current user, with native driver
// install pg-native package manually
const pgAsync = new PgAsync(null, 'native');
const pgAsync = new PgAsync(null, require('pg').native);

await pgAsync.query(SQL`...`) -> pg.Result

await pgAsync.query(sql, values...) -> pg.Result

await pgAsync.queryArgs(sql, [values]) -> pg.Result

  • Execute SQL and return Result object from underlying pg library
  • Interesting properties on Result object are:
    • rowCount Number ­– returned rows
    • oid Number ­– Postgres oid
    • rows Array ­– Actual result of pgAsync.rows()
    • rowAsArray Boolean
    • fields Array of:
      • name String ­– name or alias of column
      • tableID Number ­– oid of table or 0
      • columnID Number ­– index of column in table or 0
      • dataTypeID Number ­– oid of data type
      • dataTypeSize Number ­– size in bytes od colum, -1 for variable length
      • ­dataTypeModifier Number

await pgAsync.rows(SQL`...`) -> array of objects

await pgAsync.rows(sql, values...) -> array of objects

await pgAsync.rowsArgs(sql, [values]) -> array of objects

  • Execute SQL and return array of key/value objects (result.rows)

await pgAsync.row(SQL`...`) -> object

await pgAsync.row(sql, values...) -> object

await pgAsync.rowArgs(sql, [values]) -> object

  • Execute SQL and return single key/value object. If query yields more than one or none rows, promise will be rejected.
  • Rejected promise throw exception at await location.

await pgAsync.value(SQL`...`) -> any

await pgAsync.value(sql, values...) -> any

await pgAsync.valueArgs(sql, [values]) -> any

  • Same as row, but query must yields single column in single row, otherwise throws.

await pgAsync.connect(async (client) => innerResult) -> innerResult

  • Execute multiple queries in sequence on same connection. This is handy for transactions.
  • asyncFunc here has signature async (client, pgClient) => { ... }
  • provided client has async methods:
    • query, rows, row, value as above
    • queryArgs, rowsArgs, rowArgs, valueArgs as above
    • startTransaction, commit, rollback - start new transaction manually. Use pgAsync.transaction when possible
  • client itself is shorthand for query

await pgAsync.transaction(async (client) => innerResult) -> innerResult

Transaction is similar to connect but automatically start and commit transaction, rollback on throwen error Example:

const pgAsync = new PgAsync();
 
function moveMoney(fromAccount, toAccount, amount) {
  return pgAsync.transaction(async (client) => {
    let movementFrom, movementTo, movementId;
    const sql = `
      INSERT INTO bank_account (account, amount)
      VALUES ($1, $2)
      RETURNS id
    `;
    movementFrom = await client.value(sql, [fromAccount, -amount]);
    movementTo = await client.value(sql, [toAccount, amount]);
    return {movementFrom, movementTo}
  });
}
 
async function doTheWork() {
  // ...
  try {
    const result = await moveMoney('alice', 'bob', 19.95);
    // transaction is commited
  } catch (err) {
    // transaction is rollbacked
  }
  // ...
}

await pgAsync.getClient([connectionOptions]) -> {client, done}

  • Get unwrapped pg.Client callback based instance.
    You should not call this method unless you know what are you doing.
  • Client must be returned to pool manually by calling done()

pgAsync.closeConnections()

  • Disconnects all idle clients within all active pools, and has all client pools terminate. See pool.end()
  • This actually terminates all connections on driver used by Pg instance

Features

  • pg driver support
  • pg.native driver support
  • debug — Enable debugging with DEBUG="pg-async" environment variable
  • Transaction API wrapper - Postgres does not support nested transactions
  • Template tag SQL formatting
  • Transaction SAVEPOINT support
  • Cursor API wrapper

If you miss something, don't be shy, just open new issue! It will be nice if you label your issue with prefix [bug] [doc] [question] [typo] etc.

License (MIT)

Copyright (c) 2016 Pavel Lang (langpavel@phpskelet.org)

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

install

npm i pg-async

Downloadsweekly downloads

299

version

3.1.0

license

MIT

homepage

github.com

repository

Gitgithub

last publish

collaborators

  • avatar
  • avatar
Report a vulnerability