$ npm install pg
Generally you will access the PostgreSQL server through a pool of clients. A client takes a non-trivial amount of time to establish a new connection. A client also consumes a non-trivial amount of resources on the PostgreSQL server - not something you want to do on every http request. Good news: node-postgres ships with built in client pooling.
var pg = require'pg';var conString = "postgres://username:password@localhost/database";pgconnectconStringiferrreturn console.error'error fetching client from pool' err;clientquery'SELECT $1::int AS number' '1'//call `done()` to release the client back to the pooldone;iferrreturn console.error'error running query' err;console.logresultrows0number;//output: 1clientend;;;
Sometimes you may not want to use a pool of connections. You can easily connect a single client to a postgres instance, run some queries, and disconnect.
var pg = require'pg';var conString = "postgres://username:password@localhost/database";var client = conString;clientconnectiferrreturn console.error'could not connect to postgres' err;clientquery'SELECT NOW() AS "theTime"'iferrreturn console.error'error running query' err;console.logresultrows0theTime;//output: Tue Jan 15 2013 19:12:47 GMT-600 (CST)clientend;;;
To install the native bindings:
$ npm install pg pg-native
To use the native bindings, first install pg-native. Once pg-native is installed, simply replace
require('pg').native please report an issue.
- optional connection pooling
- extensible js<->postgresql data-type coercion
- supported PostgreSQL features
- parameterized queries
- named statements with query plan caching
- async notifications with
- bulk import & export with
COPY TO/COPY FROM
We love contributions!
If you need help getting the tests running locally or have any questions about the code when working on a patch please feel free to email me or gchat me.
I will happily accept your pull request if it:
- has tests
- looks reasonable
- does not break backwards compatibility
Information about the testing processes is in the wiki.
Open source belongs to all of us, and we're all invited to participate!
If at all possible when you open an issue please provide
- version of node
- version of postgres
- smallest possible snippet of code to reproduce the problem
Usually I'll pop the code into the repo as a test. Hopefully the test fails. Then I make the test pass. Then everyone's happy!
If you need help or run into any issues getting node-postgres to work on your system please report a bug or contact me directly. I am usually available via google-talk at my github account public email address.
I usually tweet about any important status updates or changes to node-postgres on twitter.
Follow me @briancarlson to keep up to date.
node-postgres is by design pretty light on abstractions. These are some handy modules we've been using over the years to complete the picture:
- brianc/node-pg-native - Simple interface abstraction on top of libpq
- brianc/node-pg-query-stream - Query results from node-postgres as a readable (object) stream
- brianc/node-pg-cursor - Query cursor extension for node-postgres
- brianc/node-pg-copy-streams - COPY FROM / COPY TO for node-postgres. Stream from one database to another, and stuff.
- brianc/node-postgres-pure - node-postgres without any of the C/C++ stuff
- brianc/node-pg-types - Type parsing for node-postgres
- Suor/pg-bricks - A higher level wrapper around node-postgres to handle connection settings, sql generation, transactions and ease data access.
- grncdr/node-any-db - Thin and less-opinionated database abstraction layer for node.
- brianc/node-sql - SQL generation for node.js
- CSNW/sql-bricks - Transparent, Schemaless SQL Generation
- datalanche/node-pg-format - Safely and easily create dynamic SQL queries with this Node implementation of PostgreSQL format().
- iceddev/pg-transact - A nicer API on node-postgres transactions
- sehrope/node-pg-db - Simpler interface, named parameter support, transaction management and event hooks.
Copyright (c) 2010-2014 Brian Carlson (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.