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    This is a very opinionated abstraction over amqplib to help simplify the implementation of several messaging patterns on RabbitMQ.

    !Important! - successful use of this library will require a conceptual knowledge of AMQP and an understanding of RabbitMQ.


    • Attempt to gracefully handle lost connections and channels
    • Automatically re-assert all topology on re-connection
    • Support the majority of RabbitMQ's extensions
    • Handle batching of acknowledgements and rejections
    • Topology & configuration via JSON (thanks to @JohnDMathis!)
    • Built-in support for JSON, binary and text message bodies
    • Support for custom serialization

    Assumptions & Defaults:

    • Fault-tolerance/resilience over throughput
    • Prefer "at least once delivery"
    • Default to publish confirmation
    • Default to ack mode on consumers
    • Heterogenous services that include statically typed languages
    • JSON as the default serialization provider for object based message bodies

    Differences from wascally

    Let it fail

    A great deal of confusion and edge cases arise from how wascally managed connectivity. Wascally treated any loss of connection or channels equally. This made it hard to predict behavior as a user of the library since any action taken against the API could trigger reconnection after an intentional shutdown. It also made it impossible to know whether a user intended to reconnect a closed connection or if the reconnection was the result of a programming error.

    Rabbot does not re-establish connectivity automatically after connections have been intentionally closed or after a failure threshold has been passed. In either of these cases, making API calls will either lead to rejected or indefinitely deferred promises. You, the user, must intentionally re-establish connectivity after closing a connection or once rabbot has exhausted its attempts to connect on your behalf.

    The recommendation is: if rabbot tells you it can't reach rabbot after exhausting the configured retries, shut your service down and let your monitoring and alerting tell you about it. The code isn't going to fix a network or broker outage by retrying indefinitely and filling up your logs.

    No more indefinite retention of unpublished messages

    Wascally retained published messages indefinitely until a connection and all topology could be established. This meant that a service unable to connect could produce messages until it ran out of memory. It also meant that wascally could reject the promise returned from the publish call but then later publish the message without the ability to inform the caller.

    When a connection is lost, or the unreachable event is emitted, all promises for publish calls are rejected and all unpublished messages are flushed. Rabbot will not provide any additional features around unpublishable messages - there are no good one-size-fits-all behaviors in these failure scenarios and it is important that developers understand and solve these needs at the service level for their use case.


    API Reference

    This library implements promises for the API calls via when.js.


    addConnection ( options )

    The call returns a promise that can be used to determine when the connection to the server has been established.

    Options is a hash that can contain the following:

    • uri - the AMQP URI. No default. This will be parsed and missing defaults will be supplied.
    • name - the name of this connection. Defaults to "default".
    • host - the IP address or DNS name of the RabbitMQ server. Defaults to "localhost".
    • port - the TCP/IP port on which RabbitMQ is listening. Defaults to 5672.
    • vhost - the named vhost to use in RabbitMQ. Defaults to the root vhost, "%2f" ("/").
    • protocol - the connection protocol to use. Defaults to "amqp://".
    • user - the username used for authentication / authorization with this connection. Defaults to "guest".
    • pass - the password for the specified user. Defaults to "guest".
    • timeout - how long to wait for a connection to be established. No default value.
    • heartbeat - how often the client and server check to see if they can still reach each other, specified in seconds. Defaults to 30 (seconds).
    • replyQueue - the name of the reply queue to use. Defaults to a queue name unique to the process.
    • publishTimeout - the default timeout in milliseconds for a publish call.
    • replyTimeout - the default timeout in milliseconds to wait for a reply.
    • failAfter - limits how long rabbot will attempt to connect (in seconds). Defaults to 60.
    • retryLimit - limits how many consecutive failed attempts rabbot will make. Defaults to 3.

    Note that the "default" connection (by name) is used when any method is called without a connection name supplied.

    Options Example

    rabbit.addConnection( {
        user: "someUser",
        pass: "sup3rs3cr3t",
        host: "my-rqm.server",
        port: 5672,
        timeout: 2000,
        vhost: "%2f",
        heartbeat: 10
    } );

    Equivalent URI Example

    rabbit.addConnection( {
        uri: "amqp://someUser:sup3rs3cr3t@my-rqm.server:5672/%2f?heartbeat=10"
    } );

    failAfter and retryLimit

    rabbot will stop trying to connect/re-connect if either of these thresholds is reached (whichever comes first).

    Cluster Support

    rabbot provides the ability to define multiple nodes per connections by supplying either a comma delimited list or array of server IPs or names to the host property. You can also specify multuple ports in the same way but make certain that either you provide a single port for all servers or that the number of ports matches the number and order of servers.

    Shutting Down

    Both exchanges and queues have asynchronous processes that work behind the scenes processing publish confirms and batching message acknowledgements. To shutdown things in a clean manner, rabbot provides a shutdown method that returns a promise which will resolve once all outstanding confirmations and batching have completed and the connection is closed.


    rabbot emits both generic and specific connectivity events that you can bind to in order to handle various states:

    • Any Connection
    • connected - connection to a broker succeeds
    • closed - connection to a broker has closed (intentional)
    • failed - connection to a broker was lost (unintentional)
    • unreachable - connection failures have reached the limit, no further attempts will be made
    • Specific Connection
    • [connectionName].connection.opened
    • [connectionName].connection.closed
    • [connectionName].connection.failed
    • [connectionName].connection.configured - emitted once all exchanges, queues and bindings are resolved

    The connection object is passed to the event handler for each event. Use the name property of the connection object to determine which connection the generic events fired for.

    !IMPORTANT! - rabbot handles connectivity for you, mucking about with the connection directly isn't supported.

    Details about publishing & subscribing related to connectivity


    Rabbot will attempt to retain messages you publish during the attempt to connect which it will publish if a connection can be successfully established. It is important to handle rejection of the publish. Only resolved publishes are guaranteed to have been delivered to the broker.

    Rabbot limits the number of messages it will retain for each exchange to 100 by default. After the limit is reached, all further publishes will be rejected automatically. This limit was put in place to prevent unbounded memory consumption.


    The default batch acknowledgement behavior is the default mode for all queues unless you turn off acknowledgements or turn off batching.

    Warning: batching, while complicated, pays off in terms of throughput and decreased broker load.

    If a connection is lost before all the batched resolutions (acks, nacks, rejections) have completed, the unresolved messages will be returned to their respective queues and be delivered to the next consumer. This is an unavoidable aspect of "at least once delivery"; rabbot's default behavior.

    If this is undesirable, your options are to turn of acknowledgements (which puts you in "at most once delivery") or turn off batching (which will incur a significant perf penalty in terms of service throughput and broker load).

    Sending & Receiving Messages


    The publish call returns a promise that is only resolved once the broker has accepted responsibility for the message (see Publisher Acknowledgments for more details). If a configured timeout is reached, or in the rare event that the broker rejects the message, the promise will be rejected. More commonly, the connection to the broker could be lost before the message is confirmed and you end up with a message in "limbo". rabbot keeps a list of unconfirmed messages that have been published in memory only. Once a connection is available and the topology is in place, rabbot will send messages in the order of the publish calls. In the event of a disconnection or unreachable broker, all publish promises that have not been resolved are rejected.

    Publish timeouts can be set per message, per exchange or per connection. The most specific value overrides any set at a higher level. There are no default timeouts set at any level. The timer is started as soon as publish is called and only cancelled once rabbot is able to make the publish call on the actual exchange's channel. The timeout is cancelled once publish is called and will not result in a rejected promise due to time spent waiting on a confirmation.

    Caution: rabbot does not limit the growth of pending published messages. If a service cannot connect to Rabbit due to misconfiguration or the broker being down, publishing lots of messages can lead to out-of-memory errors. It is the consuming services responsibility to handle these kinds of scenarios.


    rabbot associates serialization techniques for messages with mimeTypes which can now be set when publishing a message. Out of the box, it really only supports 3 types of serialization:

    • "text/plain"
    • "application/json"
    • "application/octet-stream"

    You can register your own serializers using addSerializer but make sure to do so on both the sending and receiving side of the message.

    publish( exchangeName, options, [connectionName] )

    Things to remember when publishing a message:

    • A type sepcifier is required so that the recipient knows what kind of message its getting and which handler should process it
    • If contentType is provided, then that will be used for the message's contentType
    • If body is an object, it will be serialized as JSON and contentType will be "application/json"
    • If body is a string, it will be sent as a utf8 encoded string and contentType will be "text/plain"
    • If body is a Buffer, it will be sent as a byte array and contentType will be "application/octet-stream"
    • By default, the type specifier will be used if no routing key is undefined
    • Use a routing key of "" to prevent the type specifier from being used as the routing key

    This example shows all of the available properties (including those which get set by default):

    rabbit.publish( "",
            routingKey: "hi",
            type: "company.project.messages.textMessage",
            correlationId: "one",
            contentType: "application/json",
            body: { text: "hello!" },
            messageId: "100",
            expiresAfter: 1000 // TTL in ms, in this example 1 second
            timestamp: // posix timestamp (long)
            mandatory: true, //Must be set to true for onReturned to receive unqueued message
            headers: {
                random: "application specific value"
            timeout: // ms to wait before cancelling the publish and rejecting the promise
        connectionName: "" // another optional way to provide connection name if needed

    request( exchangeName, options, [connectionName] )

    This works just like a publish except that the promise returned provides the response (or responses) from the other side. A replyTimeout is available in the options that controls how long rabbot will wait for a reply before removing the subscription for the request to prevent memory leaks.

    Note: the default replyTimeout will be double the publish timeout or 1 second if no publish timeout was ever specified.

    // when multiple responses are provided, all but the last will be provided via the .progress callback.
    // the last/only reply will always be provided to the .then callback
    rabbit.request( "", {
            // see publish example to see options for the outgoing message
        } )
        .progress( function( reply ) {
            // if multiple replies are provided, all but the last will be sent via the progress callback
        } )
        .then( function( final ) {
            // the last message in a series OR the only reply will be sent to this callback
        } );

    handle( typeName, handler, [queueName], [context] )

    handle( options, handler )


    • Handle calls should happen before starting subscriptions.
    • The message's routing key will be used if the type is missing or empty on incoming messages
    • Specifying queueName will cause the handler to handle messages for that queue only
    • typeName can use AMQP style wild-cards to handle multiple message types - use this with caution!

    Message handlers are registered to handle a message based on the typeName. Calling handle will return a reference to the handler that can later be removed. The message that is passed to the handler is the raw Rabbit payload. The body property contains the message body published. The message has ack, nack (requeue the message), reply and reject (don't requeue the message) methods control what Rabbit does with the message.

    !IMPORTANT!: ack, nack and reject are effectively noOps when a queue's noAck is set to true. RabbitMQ does not support nacking or rejection of messages from consumers in no-ack mode. This means that error handling and unhandled message strategies won't be able to re-queue messages.


    If using the second format, the options hash can contain the following properties, defaults shown:

        queue: "*", // only handle messages from the queue with this name
        type: "#", // handle messages with this type name or pattern
        autoNack: true, // automatically handle exceptions thrown in this handler
        context: null, // control what `this` is when invoking the handler
        handler: null // allows you to just pass the handle function as an option property ... because why not?


    • using options without a queue or type specified will handle all messages received by the service because of the defaults.
    • the behavior here differs in that exceptions are handled for you by default

    Explicit Error Handling

    In this example, any possible error is caught in an explicit try/catch:

    var handler = rabbit.handle( "company.project.messages.logEntry", function( message ) {
        try {
            // do something meaningful?
            console.log( message.body );
        } catch( err ) {
    } );

    Automatically Nack On Error

    This example shows how to have rabbot wrap all handlers with a try catch that:

    • nacks the message on error
    • console.log that an error has occurred in a handle
    // after this call, any new callbacks attached via handle will be wrapped in a try/catch
    // that nacks the message on an error
    var handler = rabbit.handle( "company.project.messages.logEntry", function( message ) {
        console.log( message.body );
    } );
    // after this call, new callbacks attached via handle will *not* be wrapped in a try/catch

    Late-bound Error Handling

    Provide a strategy for handling errors to multiple handles or attach an error handler after the fact.

    var handler = rabbit.handle( "company.project.messages.logEntry", function( message ) {
        console.log( message.body );
    } );
    handler.catch( function( err, msg ) {
        // do something with the error & message
    } );

    !!! IMPORTANT !!!

    Failure to handle errors will result in silent failures and lost messages.

    Unhandled Messages

    The default behavior is that any message received that doesn't have any elligible handlers will get nack'd and sent back to the queue immediately.

    Caution: this can create churn on the client and server as the message will be redelivered indefinitely!

    To avoid unhandled message churn, select one of the following mutually exclusive strategies:

    onUnhandled( handler )

    rabbit.onUnhandled( function( message ) {
         // handle the message here
    } );

    nackUnhandled() - default

    Sends all unhandled messages back to the queue.



    Rejects unhandled messages so that will will not be requeued. DO NOT use this unless there are dead letter exchanges for all queues.


    Returned Messages

    Unroutable messages that were published with mandatory: true will be returned. These messages cannot be ack/nack'ed.

    onReturned( handler )

    rabbit.onReturned( function( message ) {
         // the returned message
    } );

    startSubscription( queueName, [exclusive], [connectionName] )

    Recommendation: set handlers for anticipated types up before starting subscriptions.

    Starts a consumer on the queue specified.

    • exclusive - makes it so that only this process/connection can consume messages from the queue.
    • connectionName - optional arg used when subscribing to a queue on a connection other than "default".

    Caution: using exclusive this way will allow your process to effectively "block" other processes from subscribing to a queue your process did not create. This can cause channel errors and closures on any other processes attempting to subscribe to the same queue. Make sure you know what you're doing.

    Message Format

    The following structure shows and briefly explains the format of the message that is passed to the handle callback:

        // metadata specific to routing & delivery
        fields: {
            consumerTag: "", // identifies the consumer to rabbit
            deliveryTag: #, // identifies the message delivered for rabbit
            redelivered: true|false, // indicates if the message was previously nacked or returned to the queue
            exchange: "" // name of exchange the message was published to,
            routingKey: "" // the routing key (if any) used when published
            contentType: "application/json", // see serialization for how defaults are determined
            contentEncoding: "utf8", // rabbot's default
            headers: {}, // any user provided headers
            correlationId: "", // the correlation id if provided
            replyTo: "", // the reply queue would go here
            messageId: "", // message id if provided
            type: "", // the type of the message published
            appId: "" // not used by rabbot
        content: { "type": "Buffer", "data": [ ... ] }, // raw buffer of message body
        body: , // this could be an object, string, etc - whatever was published
        type: "" // this also contains the type of the message published

    stopSubscription( queueName, [connectionName] )


    • This does not affect bindings to the queue, it only stops the flow of messages from the queue to your service.
    • If the queue is auto-delete, this will destroy the queue, dropping messages and losing any messages sent that would have been routed to it.
    • If a network disruption has occurred or does occur, subscription will be restored to its last known state.

    Stops consuming messages from the queue. Does not explicitly change bindings on the queue. Does not explicitly release the queue or the channel used to establish the queue. In general, Rabbot works best when queues exist for the lifetime of a service. Starting and stopping queue subscriptions is likely to produce unexpected behaviors (read: avoid it).

    Message API

    rabbot defaults to (and assumes) queues are in ack mode. It batches ack and nack operations in order to improve total throughput. Ack/Nack calls do not take effect immediately.


    Enqueues the message for acknowledgement.


    Enqueues the message for rejection. This will re-enqueue the message.


    Rejects the message without re-queueing it. Please use with caution and consider having a dead-letter-exchange assigned to the queue before using this feature.

    message.reply( message, [options] )

    Acknowledges the messages and sends the message back to the requestor. The message is only the body of the reply.

    The options hash can specify additional information about the reply and has the following properties (defaults shown:

        more: `false`, // lets the recipient know more messages are coming as part of this response
        replyType: `initial message type + ".reply"`, // lets the recipient know the type of reply
        contentType: `see serialization for defaults`, // lets you control what serializer is used,
        headers: {}, // allows for custom headers to get added to the reply

    Queues in noBatch mode

    rabbot now supports the ability to put queues into non-batching behavior. This causes ack, nack and reject calls to take place against the channel immediately. This feature is ideal when processing messages are long-running and consumer limits are in place. Be aware that this feature does have a significant impact on message throughput.

    Reply Queues

    By default, rabbot creates a unique reply queue for each connection which is automatically subscribed to and deleted on connection close. This can be modified or turned off altogether.

    Changing the behavior is done by passing one of three values to the replyQueue property on the connection hash:

    !!! IMPORTANT !!! rabbot cannot prevent queue naming collisions across services instances or connections when using the first two options.

    Custom Name

    Only changes the name of the reply queue that rabbot creates - autoDelete and subscribe will be set to true.

    rabbit.addConnection( {
        // ...
        replyQueue: "myOwnQueue"
    } );

    Custom Behavior

    To take full control of the queue name and behavior, provide a queue definition in place of the name.

    rabbot provides no defaults - it will only use the definition provided

    rabbit.addConnection( {
        // ...
        replyQueue: {
            name: "myOwnQueue",
            subscribe: true,
            durable: true
    } );

    No Automatic Reply Queue

    Only pick this option if request/response isn't in use or when providing a custom overall strategy

    rabbit.addConnection( {
        // ...
        replyQueue: false
    } );

    Custom Serializers

    Serializers are objects with a serialize and deserialize method and get assigned to a specific content type. When a message is published or received with a specific content-type, rabbot will attempt to look up a serializer that matches. If one isn't found, an error will get thrown.

    Note: you can over-write rabbot's default serializers but probably shouldn't unless you know what you're doing.

    serialize( object )

    The serialize function takes the message content and must return a Buffer object encoded as "utf8".

    deserialize( bytes, encoding )

    The deserialize function takes both the raw bytes and the encoding sent. While "utf8" is the only supported encoding rabbot produces, the encoding is passed in case the message was produced by another library using a different encoding.

    addSerializer( contentType, serializer )

    var yaml = require( "js-yaml" );
    rabbit.addSerializer( "application/yaml", {
        deserializer: function( bytes, encoding ) {
            return yaml.safeLoad( bytes.toString( encoding || "utf8" ) );
        serialize: function( object ) {
            return new Buffer( yaml.dump( object ), "utf8" );
    } );

    Managing Topology

    addExchange( exchangeName, exchangeType, [options], [connectionName] )

    The call returns a promise that can be used to determine when the exchange has been created on the server.

    Valid exchangeTypes:

    • 'direct'
    • 'fanout'
    • 'topic'

    Options is a hash that can contain the following:

    • autoDelete true|false delete when consumer count goes to 0
    • durable true|false survive broker restarts
    • persistent true|false a.k.a. persistent delivery, messages saved to disk
    • alternate "" define an alternate exchange
    • publishTimeout 2^32 timeout in milliseconds for publish calls to this exchange
    • replyTimeout 2^32 timeout in milliseconds to wait for a reply
    • limit 2^16 the number of unpublished messages to cache while waiting on connection

    addQueue( queueName, [options], [connectionName] )

    The call returns a promise that can be used to determine when the queue has been created on the server.

    Options is a hash that can contain the following:

    • autoDelete true|false delete when consumer count goes to 0
    • durable true|false survive broker restarts
    • exclusive true|false limits queue to the current connection only (danger)
    • subscribe true|false auto-start the subscription
    • limit 2^16 max number of unacked messages allowed for consumer
    • noAck true|false the server will remove messages from the queue as soon as they are delivered
    • noBatch true|false causes ack, nack & reject to take place immediately
    • queueLimit 2^32 max number of ready messages a queue can hold
    • messageTtl 2^32 time in ms before a message expires on the queue
    • expires 2^32 time in ms before a queue with 0 consumers expires
    • deadLetter "" the exchange to dead-letter messages to
    • maxPriority 2^8 the highest priority this queue supports
    • unique 'hash'|'id'|'consistent' creates a unique queue name by including the client id or hash in the name


    The unique option has 3 different possible values, each with its own behavior:

    • hash - results in a unique positive integer per process. Use when queue recovery is not a concern.
    • consistent - results in a unique positive integer based on machine name and process title. Use when queue recovery is required.
    • id - creates a consumer tag consisting of the machine name, process title and process id. Use when readability is desired and queue recovery is not a concern.

    Note: the concept of queue recovery is that the same queue name will be generated in the event of a process restart. If using hash or id, the pid is used and a different queue name will be generated each time the process starts.

    bindExchange( sourceExchange, targetExchange, [routingKeys], [connectionName] )

    Binds the target exchange to the source exchange. Messages flow from source to target.

    bindQueue( sourceExchange, targetQueue, [routingKeys], [connectionName] )

    Binds the target queue to the source exchange. Messages flow from source to target.

    Configuration via JSON

    Note: setting subscribe to true will result in subscriptions starting immediately upon queue creation.

    This example shows most of the available options described above as well as logging options available through whistlepunk.

        var settings = {
            connection: {
                user: "guest",
                pass: "guest",
                server: "",
                // server: ",",
                // server: ["", ""],
                port: 5672,
                timeout: 2000,
                vhost: "%2fmyhost"
                { name: "config-ex.1", type: "fanout", publishTimeout: 1000 },
                { name: "config-ex.2", type: "topic", alternate: "alternate-ex.2", persistent: true },
                { name: "dead-letter-ex.2", type: "fanout" }
                { name:"config-q.1", limit: 100, queueLimit: 1000 },
                { name:"config-q.2", subscribe: true, deadLetter: "dead-letter-ex.2" }
                { exchange: "config-ex.1", target: "config-q.1", keys: [ "bob","fred" ] },
                { exchange: "config-ex.2", target: "config-q.2", keys: "test1" }
            logging: {
                adapters: {
                    stdOut: { // adds a console logger at the "info" level
                        level: 3,
                        bailIfDebug: true

    To establish a connection with all settings in place and ready to go call configure:

        var rabbit = require( "payapi-rabbot" );
        rabbit.configure( settings ).done( function() {
            // ready to go!
        } );

    Managing Connections - Retry, Close and Shutdown

    rabbot will attempt to resolve all outstanding publishes and recieved messages (ack/nack/reject) before closing the channels and connection intentionally. If you would like to defer certain actions until after everything has been safely resolved, then use the promise returned from either close call.

    !!! CAUTION !!! - using reset is dangerous. All topology associated with the connection will be removed locally meaning rabbot will not be able to re-establish it all should you decide to reconnect.

    close( [connectionName], [reset] )

    Closes the connection, optionally resetting all previously defined topology for the connection. The connectionName is default if one is not provided.

    closeAll( [reset] )

    Closes all connections, optionally resetting the topology for all of them.


    After an unhandled event is raised by rabbot, not further attempts to connect will be made unless retry is called.

    // How to create a zombie
    var rabbit = require( "payapi-rabbot" );
    rabbit.on( "unreachable", function() {
    } );


    Once a connection is established, rabbot will keep the process running unless you call shutdown. This is because most services shouldn't automatically shutdown at the first accidental disconnection`. Shutdown attempts to provide the same guarantees as close - only allowing the process to exit after publishing and resolving received messages.

    AMQPS, SSL/TLS Support

    Providing the following configuration options setting the related environment varibles will cause rabbot to attempt connecting via AMQPS. For more details about which settings perform what role, refer to the amqplib's page on SSL.

        connection: {  // sample connection hash
            caPath: "",  // comma delimited paths to CA files. RABBIT_CA
            certPath: "",  // path to cert file. RABBIT_CERT
            keyPath: "", // path to key file. RABBIT_KEY
            passphrase: "", // passphrase associated with cert/pfx. RABBIT_PASSPHRASE
            pfxPath: "" // path to pfx file. RABBIT_PFX

    Channel Prefetch Limits

    rabbot mostly hides the notion of a channel behind the scenes, but still allows you to specify channel options such as the channel prefetch limit. Rather than specifying this on a channel object, however, it is specified as a limit on a queue defintion.

    queues: [{
      // ...
      limit: 5
    // or
    rabbit.addQueue( "some.q", {
      // ...
      limit: 5

    This queue configuration will set a prefetch limit of 5 on the channel that is used for consuming this queue.

    Note: The queue limit is not the same as the queueLimit option - the latter of which sets the maximum number of messages allowed in the queue.


    As mentioned in the configuration, logging is provided by whistlepunk. While you can easily write your own adapters for it, it supports a standard output adapter and a DEBUG based adapter by default. When troubleshooting, you can prefix starting your process with DEBUG=rabbot.* to see all rabbot related log messages. It's worth noting that the rabbot.queue.# and logging namespaces will be very high volume since that is where rabbot reports all messages published and subscribed at the debug level.

    A Note About Etiquette

    Rabbot was created to address a need at work. Any time I spend on it during work hours is to ensure that it does what my employer needs it to. The considerable amount of time I've spent on wascally and now rabbot outside of work hours is because I love open source software and the community want to contribute. I hope that you find this library useful and that it makes you feel like your job or project was easier.

    That said, I am often troubled by how often users of open source libraries become demanding consumers rather than active participants. Please keep a cordial/professional tone when reporting issues or requesting help. Feature requests or issue reports that have an entitled or disrespectful tone will be ignored and closed. All of us in open source are benefiting from a considerable amount of knowledge and effort for $0; please keep this in mind when frustrated about a defect, design flaw or missing feature.

    While I appreciate suggestions for how to make things better, I'd much rather see participation in the form of pull requests. I'd be happy to help you out if there are parts of the code base you're uncomfortable with.

    Additional Learning Resources

    Watch Me Code

    Thanks to Derick Bailey's input, the API and documentation for rabbot have improved a lot. You can learn from Derick's hands-on experience in his Watch Me Code series.

    RabbitMQ In Action

    Alvaro Vidella and Jason Williams literally wrote the book on RabbitMQ.

    Enterprise Integration Patterns

    Gregor Hophe and Bobby Woolf's definitive work on messaging. The site provides basic descriptions of the patterns and the book goes into a lot of detail.

    I can't recommend this book highly enough; understanding the patterns will provide you with the conceptual tools need to be successful.


    PRs with insufficient coverage, broken tests or deviation from the style will not be accepted.

    Behavior & Integration Tests

    PRs should include modified or additional test coverage in both integration and behavioral specs. Integration tests assume RabbitMQ is running on localhost with guest/guest credentials and the consistent hash exchange plugin enabled. You can enable the plugin with the following command:

    rabbitmq-plugins enable rabbitmq_consistent_hash_exchange

    Running gulp will run both sets after every file change and display a coverage summary. To view a detailed report, run gulp coverage once to bring up the browser.


    rabbot now provides a Dockerfile and npm scripts you can use to create an image and container to run the tests. If you're on Linux or have the new Docker for OS X/Windows, this should be very straight-forward. Under the hood, it uses the official RabbitMQ Docker image. It will forward RabbitMQ's default ports to localhost.

    If you already have a working RabbitMQ container with 5672 forwarded to your localhost, you don't need any of this.

    The first time, you can build the Docker image with the following:

    $ npm run build-image

    After that, create a daemonized container based off the image with:

    $ npm run start-image

    Now you have a daemonized rabbitmq Docker container with the port 5672 and management console at 15672 (the defaults) using guest and guest for the login, / as the vhost and the consistent hash exchange plugin enabled.

    You can access the management console at http://localhost:15672.

    Click here for more information on Docker and official RabbitMQ Docker image.

    To run tests once you have RabbitMQ up:

    $ gulp


    $ mocha spec/**


    This project has both an .editorconfig and .esformatter file to help keep adherance to style simple. Please also take advantage of the .jshintrc file and avoid linter warnings.


    • improve support RabbitMQ backpressure mechanisms
    • add support for Rabbit's HTTP API




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