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okd-api

0.9.20 • Public • Published

OKD Node.js Client

This Node.JS RESTful client API for Kubernetes/OpenShift. This library helps you use JavaScript to write simple programs to automate things like deploy images, listen for cluster events, build/create containers (OpenShift only at the moment), watch push/pull images etc. Or more sophisticated things like send me an email/slack message if a particular pod crash.

Index

Installing

  npm i okd-api
const { login, okd } = require('okd-api')

Login into OpenShift

This API exposes two objects login which handles the login against a OpenShift cluster.

let config = {
  cluster:'https://okd.address.com/',
  user: 'user',
  password: '***',
  strictSSL: true || false  
}
 
login(config)
    .then(okd => /* do something... */)
    .catch(err => /* auth failed... */)

The login function receive an configuration following object:

  • cluster Kubernetes server URL.
  • user, password Your user and password.
  • strictSSL Some implementations like Minishfit use a self-signed SSL certificate which trigger a security warning for https clients, is that your case turn this to false.

The login functions returns an okd object after it finish the authentication with the server, the okd object is the one in charge of to talk against the API server.

With Token

If you already have a token (because you previously acquired one through authentication) you can provide the cluster URL and the token.

  const cluster = `https://minishfit.vm:8443/`
  const token = 'v0tDED5vjN7Vv...'
  let imagestream = okd(cluster, token).namespace('dev-665').is
 
  imagestream.all().then(/*...*/)
                   .catch(/*...*/)

Namespace

Namespaces is a way to partition resources across your Kubernetes/OpenShift cluster. This mean that to access a particular resource such as BuildConfig you need first need to specify the namespace.

  okd.namespace('dev-665')
 
  /* Now you can use this okd object for resources in the dev-665 namespace*/
 
  okd.svc.all() /*...*/

If you need to operate across multiple namespaces you just need to instantiate multiple objects.

function useNS(ns) {
  const cluster = `https://my-cluster.com/`
  const token = 'v0tDED5vjN7Vv...'
  return okd(cluster, token).namespace(ns)
}
 
myScripts.forEach(script => useNS('A').from_template('app-1',script).post())
myScripts.forEach(script => useNS('B').from_template('app-1',script).post())
myScripts.forEach(script => useNS('C').from_template('app-1',script).post())

Retrieve Token

Once the client login with the server you receive an OAuth token to get this token and other information by calling the config method.

 okd.config( opts => {
   console.log(opts)
   /* {  namespace: '....',
         cluster: '....',
         token: '....',
         strictSSL: true || false
       } */
 })

Components

This are the objects supported at the moment:

To access those elements like this:

  okd.is         // OpenShift ImageStream
  okd.bc         // OpenShift BuildConfig
  okd.build      // OpenShift Build
  okd.project    // OpenShift Project 
  okd.dc         // OpenShift DeploymentConfig
  okd.route      // OpenShift Routes
  okd.svc        // OpenShift/Kubernetes services
  okd.pod        // OpenShift/Kubernetes pod
  okd.deploy     // OpenShift/Kubernetes deployment
  okd.rs         // OpenShift/Kubernetes replica sets
  okd.namespace     // OpenShift/Kubernetes Namespaces 

CRUD

Each of this objects support a common set of functionalities which are related to the basic HTTP REST verbs. Let's talk in more detail about those functions.

Find All

Returns a promise which resolve in the future with a list of all the objects of a particular type.

  // Returns a promise with all imagestreams in the namespace dev-655.
  okd.namespace('dev-665')
     .is
     .all()      
 
 
  // All Services
  okd.namespace('dev-1')
     .svc
     .all()

By Name

You can also find resources by name:

  okd.namespace('dev-665')
     .is
     .by_name('nodejs-image')

Returns Imagestream called nodejs-image.

Remove

To remove a resource from the cluster:

okd.namespace('dev-665')
   .is
   .remove('nodejs-image')

It returns a promise with the response from the server.

Creating

To create Kubernetes/OpenShift objects you can use the following:

  let deploy = okd.namespace('dev-665').deploy
  deploy.post('name')

Usually you want to describe the configuration of your components and for that reason there is a template system.

Template

Objects in Kubernetes are defined using a templates like this one:

apiVersion: apps/v1beta1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: <%=name%>
  labels:
    app: <%=name%>
spec:
  replicas: 1
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: <%=name%>
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: <%=name%>
    spec:
      containers:
      - name: <%=name%>
        image: <%=image%>
        command: ['sh', '-c', 'echo Hello Kubernetes! && sleep 3600']
        ports:
        - containerPort: 8080

This is what a Deployment looks like, this API support template parameters that helps you create reusable templates, in this example we can replace the <%=name%> and <%=image%> placeholders with actual information like this:

  let deploy = okd.namespace('dev-665')
                  .deploy
 
  deploy.load({name: 'my-deployment', image:'nginx'}, 'deploy.yml')
        .post()

This code push to the server a Deployment object with the following shape:

apiVersion: apps/v1beta1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: my-deployment
  labels:
    app: my-deployment
spec:
  replicas: 1
  ...
  containers:
   image: nginx
  ...

Editing template at Runtime

To modify the template at run-time you can do the following:

let deploy = okd.namespace('dev-665').deploy
let object = deploy.load({name: 'my-deployment', image:'nginx'}, 'deploy.yml')._tmpl   //pass by reference
 
 
object.metadata.name = 'deploy-y'
deploy.post()   // we send the template with the amended field.

Faster Template

Template operations above can be done faster by using this shortcut:

  okd.namespace('dev-003')
  okd.from_template(this.appName,'./tmpl/imagestream.yml').post()

from_template will auto-detect the type of template you try to use and if its supported you can perform the actions for example:

  let deploy = okd.from_template(this.appName,'./tmpl/deployment.yml')

If deployment.yml is a valid Deployment template it will return an okd.deploy object, equivalent to something like this:

let deploy = okd.deploy

The difference is that the information about the deployment is encapsulated inside the object, allowing you act over the object.

  //['tmpl0.yml','tmpl1.yml', 'tmpl2.yml'... ]
  let objs = ['./deploy.yml','pod.yml', 'route.yml' ]
                .map(tmpl => okd.from_template(tmpl))
 
  // create all
    objs.forEach(obj => obj.create())
 
 
  //delete all
    objs.forEach(obj => obj.remove())    

Update

To update a Kubernetes component such as Deployment you can use the put or update method, this method fetch a copy of the actual resource from the server and apply a merge, for example:

Let's assume an imaginary object A is in the cloud:

 A {
     a:1,
     b:2,
     c:3,
     d: { e: 5  }
   }

To update the e property to 1 we can do:

 okd.Atype.put( { b: {e: 1 } })
   .then(ok =>  /* success */ )

After we execute this command we should get this:

 A {
     a:1,
     b:2,
     c:3,
     d: { e: 1  }
   }

In the following example we are going to update a Deployment controller test to 3 replicas.

login(store.configuration)
    .then(okd => {
        okd.namespace('hello')
        okd.config((conf) => store.save(conf))
        return okd.deploy.put('test', {spec: { replicas: 3 }})
    })
    .then(  ok => console.log('update->', ok))
    .catch(err => console.log('failing: ', err))

Patch

Another way to update Kubernetes object is to use the patch method, this method requires the json-PATCH protocol, for example:

let update = {
  op:'replace',
  path:'/spec/template/spec/containers/0/image',
  value: 'awesome:test-23'
}
 
let deploy = okd.namespace('dev-001').deploy
 
deploy.patch('awesome-app', update)

This will update the deployment object and automatically this change will trigger a re-deployment.


Watch

Kubernetes/OpenShift uses an event system to keep track of changes in the cluster, we can listen to this changes individually using the watch function.

  okd.okd_object.watch(name, event => {})
  • name The name of the object we want to listen for state change.

  • event => A function that receives Kubernetes events.

The event have the form of:

{
  type: "MODIFIED",  /* DELETE, ADDED */
  object: {
    kind: "Service",
    apiVersion: "v1",
    /*...*/
  }
}

Type define the action and object is basically a Kubernetes/OKD object definition.

Usage Example

okd.namespace('hello')
 
// Watch for new builds
okd.is.watch('micro-1', (event)=> {
  if (event.type === 'MODIFIED') {   
    // Deploy this image to ...
  }
})
 
// Watch for for actions in this pod
okd.pod.watch('nginx-prod', (event)=> {
  if (event.type === 'DELETED') {  
    // Call emergency...
  }
})
 

Watching All Objects

Or we can watch them all using the watch_all function, and listen any events in the namespace for a particular object type.

  okd.resource.watch_all( (events) => {  /* events [ event 1, event 2, ... ]*/  } )

This function receives array of events as parameters. To watch the pods running we can do this:

const login = require('okd-api').login
 
login(store.configuration) //{cluster: '****', user:'user', ...}
    .then(okd => okd.namespace('testing') // watch in testing namespace
                    .pod
                    .watch_all(watch_test))
    .catch(err => console.log('Authentication error: ', err))
 

We call a watch_all function a pass a function called watch_test this function should have the following signature:

 
function watch_test(events) {
  let type     = events[0].type
  let phase    = events[0].object.status.phase
  let pod_name = events[0].object.metadata.name
 
    // Only show compute pods in OKD ;)
    if(!( 'openshift.io/build.name' in annotations)  ) {
      console.log(`event type ${events[0].type} -> ${pod_name}`)
      console.log(`phase => `, phase)
    }
}
 

Contrary to the cases above, here should use a callback because we are dealing with a stateful connection which will remain as long as the timeout limit establish by the cluster administrator. The event type is similar to the one we used above.

Concrete Implementations

Some Kubernetes/OKD objects have unique functionalities, in the case of pod for example aside from common functionalities they also implement other functions like logs, exec, etc.

Build Configuration

Trigger A Binary Build

For now the only way to trigger a build in using this API is by uploading a binary.

For example:

function compressWorkSpace(dir, name){
    let tmp_file = name || './okd.tar.gz'
    let ret = spawn('tar', ['-Czf', tmp_file, '-C', dir, dir]) // tar the directory, forget parent
    return tmp_file
}
 
/* tar the workspace folder */
let file = compressWorkSpace('build.tar.gz', '~/my-nodejs-project')
 
okd.bc.binary(file, 'micro-1') // micro-1 should be an existing BuildConfig
.then(ok => console.log('The build has started...'))
.catch(noErrors)

Pods

Pods are the building blocks for Kubernetes applications, they also expose some functionalities that can be useful:

Logs

There is two options to watch pod logs first is getting the whole bulk, by using the pod.logs method:

okd.pod.by_name('my-pod')
       .then(pod  => pod.metadata.name)
       .then(name => okd.pod.logs(name))
       .then(logs => console.log(logs))

This will return the logs for the pod my-pod

npm info using npm@6.4.1
npm info using node@v10.12.0
npm info lifecycle my-app@1.0.0~prestart: my-app@1.0.0
npm info lifecycle my-app@1.0.0~start: my-app@1.0.0
> my-app@1.0.0 start /opt/app-root/src
> node app.js

This method give you a snapshot of the current state but you will miss further updates, to keep streaming logs in real-time you can use the pod.stream_logs method:

okd.pod.stream_logs(podName, line => {
    console.log(line)    // npm info using npm@6.4.1 ...
                         // npm info using node@v10.12.0
})

This method keeps track of the latest logs update in the pod.

If you are running multiple containers in a single pod then you can target that container using function container like this:

okd.namespace('dev-0')
             .pod
             .container('ftp-server')
             .logs('static-files-pod')
             .then(logs => {
                /* Read the logs */
             })

Writing A Bot

Let's build a bot that fetch the logs of any container that is being deploying in our cluster, this can be interesting to follow the stages of an applications from building, testing and execution from one place.

Login

const { login } = require('okd-api')
 
login(store.configuration) // {cluster: '****', user:'user', ...}
    .then(okd => okd.namespace('testing')
                    .pod
                    .watch_all( pods => // pods events )
         )
    .catch(err => console.log('Authentication error: ', err))

We have done the login and we setup the watch for the namespace testing next we need to create a function that watch and capture the transition of pods from Pending to Running.

 
function watch_bot(okd, name) {
    let pending = {}
 
    // Closure that will
    return function(events) {
        // for more info about event object -->
        //https://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/federation/v1/definitions/#_v1_event
        let annotations = events[0].object.metadata.annotations
        let labels = events[0].object.metadata.labels
        let phase = events[0].object.status.phase
        let pod_name = events[0].object.metadata.name
 
        // Capture pods transitioning from Pending to Running.
        // This means being deployed...
        if(phase === 'Pending') {
            console.log(`event type ${events[0].type} -> ${pod_name}`)
            console.log(`phase => `, events[0].object.status.phase)
 
            pending[pod_name] = true
        }
 
        // If the pod goes from Pending to Running...
        // ... We show the logs.
        if(phase === 'Running' && pending[pod_name]) {
            console.log('\033[2J')  // clear screen...
            console.log('pod: ', pod_name)
            console.log('================================')
 
            // Watch the logs for this pod: pod_name
            okd.pod.stream_logs(pod_name, (logs)=> {
              // We read the logs and print the logs...
              process.stdout.write(logs)
            })
            pending[pod_name] = false
        }
    }
}
 

This function does just that it just listen for pods doing the transitions and then we finally use the pod.stream_logs to retrieve the logs from the targeted pod. If we run this program we are going to get something like this:

install

npm i okd-api

Downloadsweekly downloads

25

version

0.9.20

license

ISC

homepage

github.com

repository

Gitgithub

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