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observed-properties

3.0.1 • Public • Published

Observed Properties

Observed properties for web components.

Build Status Coverage Status

Have you ever wondered why native web components have an API to handle attribute changes but not property changes?

This script implements both observedProperties and propertyChangedCallback that behave just like observedAttributes and attributeChangedCallback do.

In the background, it uses ES6 setters to cause a side-effect — run the callback method — everytime a property changes.

Install

npm install observed-properties --save

Import

Import withObservedProperties.

import withObservedProperties from 'observed-properties';

Use the whole path to the index.js file if you want the script to work on modern browsers natively, without having to depend on a build process.

import withObservedProperties from './node_modules/observed-properties/src/index.js';

Enhance HTMLElement

Enhance the HTMLElement by passing it to the withObservedProperties helper.

const EnhancedHTMLElement = withObservedProperties(HTMLElement);

Extend

Create a new web component class that extends EnhancedHTMLElement.

class TopTen extends EnhancedHTMLElement {}

Observe changes

Tell the component which properties to observe by setting observedProperties.

class TopTen extends EnhancedHTMLElement {
  static get observedProperties () {
    return ['songs'];
  }
}

React to changes

Set propertyChangedCallback, the method that will be run everytime a property changes.

class TopTen extends EnhancedHTMLElement {
  static get observedProperties () {
    return ['songs'];
  }
 
  propertyChangedCallback (propName, oldValue, value) {
    if (propName === 'songs' && oldValue !== value) {
      this.render(value);
    }
  }
}

Complete example

import withObservedProperties from 'observed-properties';
 
const EnhancedHTMLElement = withObservedProperties(HTMLElement);
 
class TopTen extends EnhancedHTMLElement {
  static get observedProperties () {
    return ['songs'];
  }
 
  constructor () {
    super();
    this.attachShadow({ mode: 'open' });
  }
 
  propertyChangedCallback (propName, oldValue, value) {
    if (propName === 'songs' && oldValue !== value) {
      this.render(value);
    }
  }
 
  render (value = []) {
    this.shadowRoot.innerHTML = `
      <dl>
        ${value.map(song => `
          <dt>${song.name}</dt>
          <dd>${song.artist} – ${song.year}</dd>
        `).join('')}
      </dl>
    `;
  }
}
 
window.customElements.define('top-ten', TopTen);

Known issues

This script does not play along with Polymer, SkateJS and possibly other web component libraries. The reason is that they use the same approach to detect property changes and it causes conflicts.

Another possible approach would be to use ES6 Proxies, but they are known to have performance issues and, if you are using a web component library, then you probably already have a way to detect property changes.

install

npm i observed-properties

Downloadsweekly downloads

7

version

3.0.1

license

MIT

homepage

github.com

repository

Gitgithub

last publish

collaborators

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