TypeScript icon, indicating that this package has built-in type declarations

0.6.1 • Public • Published


ATTENTION: Use at your own risk, this is not a widely accepted standard, and there are chances a proposed standard will differ greatly or slightly from this pattern. See NIP-115

semver cov test publish docs covgen npm bundle size npm bundle size


nostr-geotags is a modern ESM-only package for generating nostr geo tags (['g', ...]) based on various inputs like latitude, longitude, city, country, etc. It uses iso-3166 and ngeohash to generate geodata. This package is alpha and the API and response formats will change.

This package was derived from needs in @nostrwatch, an OpenSats Grant Recipient, and so was made possible by OpenSats.


The package is available on npm and can be installed using npm, yarn, or pnpm.

npm install nostr-geotags

yarn add nostr-geotags

pnpm add nostr-geotags


import ngeotags from 'nostr-geotags'

event = {}
event.kind = 1
//created_at, content etc...
event.tags = []
event.tags.push(['t', 'nostrworks'])

const inputData = {
  lat: 52.5200,
  lon: 13.4050,
  city: 'Berlin',
  countryCode: 'DE'

const options = {
  geohash: true,
  gps: true,
  city: true,
  iso31662: true

event.tags = [...event.tags, ...ngeotags(inputData, options)];
//sign and verify the event

Input Reference

The inputData object can contain:

  • lat (number): Latitude
  • lon (number): Longitude
  • city (string)
  • country (string)
  • regionName (string)
  • countryCode (string)
  • Any other key-value pairs

Input Reference

The inputData object can contain the following properties, used to generate geo-tags:

  • lat (number): Latitude coordinate. No default value.
  • lon (number): Longitude coordinate. No default value.
  • geohash (string): Geohash coordinate. No default value. Will be ignored if lat & lon are also passed as input as they take precedence.
  • city (string): Name of the city. No default value.
  • country (string): Name of the country. No default value.
  • regionName (string): Name of the region or state. No default value.
  • countryCode (string): ISO-3166-1:alpha-2 country code. No default value.
  • Other properties (any): Additionally, key value pairs will be ignored but do not throw an error.
  • planetName (string): Name of a planet.

Options Reference

The options object specifies which types of tags to generate.

ISO options

  • iso31661 (boolean): Generate ISO 3166-1 tags. Default: true.
  • iso31662 (boolean): Generate ISO 3166-2 tags. Default: false.
  • iso31663 (boolean): Generate ISO 3166-3 tags. Default: true. See ISO-3166-3 Behaviors

Transform options

  • isoAsNamespace (boolean): Use ISO standand (ex: ISO-3166-1) as the namespace for tags. If false will use countryCode and regionCode instead of ISO-3166-1/3 and iso-3166-2 respectively. Default: false.

Response Options

Please note: that these will only have an effect on the output if the input for their corresponding values were set. This is especially true for passthrough values. Some of these passthrough values may be deduped if they are not unique against ISO values.

  • geohash (boolean): Includes geohash codes from ngeohash, with diminishing resolution, based on latitude and longitude. Default: true.
  • city or cityName (boolean): Include a tag for the city in response if available. Default: true.
  • country (boolean): Include a tag for the countryCode and countryName in response if available. Default: true.
  • countryCode (boolean): Include a tag for the countryCode in response if available. Default: true.
  • countryName (boolean): Include a tag for the countryName in response if available. Default: true.
  • region (boolean): Include a tag for the regionCode and regionName in response if available. Default:true.
  • regionCode (boolean): Include a tag for the regionCode in response if available. Default:true.
  • regionName (boolean): Include a tag for the regionName in response if available. Default:true.
  • gps (boolean): Include latitude and longitude as a 'dd' tag (de-factor GPS standards) and separate tags for lat and lon with diminishing resolution. Default: false.
  • planet or planetName (boolean): Include a tag for the planetName in response if available. Default: false.

Compatibility Options

  • legacy (boolean) Will only return legacy g tags, for example: ["g", "u2mwdd"]

Response Reference

The function returns an array of tuples, where each tuple represents a tag and its associated data. The format of the tuples is based on NIP-01.

  • The first element ('g') is a constant indicating the type of tag.
  • The second element is the value of the tag, which can vary based on the input and options used.
  • The third element is the key of the tag.
  • The fourth element (optional) is the standard, which is serialized with a : where when split standard[0] is the the standard's identified and standard[1] is the standard's value. This field is only used for ISO.

Determining tag usage

Which tags you use depend on use-case. If your concerns are namely geospacial, using only geohashes likely suffice, if your concerns around around borders, languages or laws, ISO-3166-3 may suffice. If your concerns are mixed, a combination of standards will suffice. In most cases the defaults are good, and most likely won't need to be changed unless you are optimizing your tags array.

Tag Types and Their Descriptions

  1. GPS: [ 'g', '<latitude>, <longitude>', 'dd' ], [ 'g', '<latitude>', 'lat' ] and [ l', '<longitude>', 'lon' ]

    • Coordinates of diminishing resolution from the input latitude and longitude. One of each of these tags are passthrough, but the rest are progressively reduced in their precision until the final decimal point. If an integer is provided for one or both lat and lon, an integer is returned.
  2. Geohash: [ g', '<geohash>'] (NIP-52)

    • Geohashes of diminishing resolution from the input latitude and longitude. These are not passthrough; they are computed using the ngeohash library.
  3. ISO-3166-1 Codes:

    • These tags represent country information derived from the iso-3166 library and are based on the provided countryCode input value. They are not passthrough.
    • Examples
    • isoAsNamespace==false [default]
      • Alpha-2 code: [ 'g', 'HU', 'countryCode' ]
      • Alpha-3 code: [ 'g', 'HUN', 'countryCode']
    • isoAsNamespace==true
      • Alpha-2 code: [ 'g', 'HU', 'ISO-3166-1' ]
      • Alpha-3 code: [ 'g', 'HUN', 'ISO-3166-1']
  4. ISO-3166-2 Codes:

    • These tags represent region information derived from the iso-3166 library and are based on the countryCode and regionCode input values. They are not passthrough values.
  5. ISO-3166-3 Codes:

    • These tags also represent country information, but focus on historical changes in country codes. They are not passthrough.
    • Examples mirror the ISO-3166-1 format but relate to updated country codes.
  6. City: [ 'g', 'Budapest', 'cityName' ]

    • A passthrough from the input city name.
  7. Planet: [ 'g', 'Earth', 'planetName' ]

    • A passthrough, assuming Earth as the default planet in the absence of specific planetary data.

ISO-3166-3 Behaviors

When iso31663 is enabled, it will affect the response contents. Any ISO-3166-3 code found for a given ISO-3166-1 countryCode that is not a duplicate of it's ISO-3166-1 counterpart, will be appended to the tags array. Here's an example:

[ [ 'G', 'countryCode' ], [ 'g', 'AI', 'countryCode'], [ 'g', 'AIA', 'countryCode' ], [ 'g', '660', 'countryCode'], [ 'G', 'countryCode' ], [ 'g', 'DJ', 'countryCode' ], [ 'G', 'countryName' ], [ 'g', 'Anguilla', 'countryName' ] ]

Here two alpha2 codes are returned, the original ISO-3166-1 code, and the changed ISO-3166-3 code. Since the other ISO-3166-3 properties for AI are the same as their ISO-3166-1 counter-parts, they are not included.

Example Response

Here is the default response when lat, lon, countryCode, regionName, and planet are provided, with everything else default

  [ 'G', 'geohash' ],
  [ 'g', 'u2mwdd8q4', 'geohash' ],
  [ 'g', 'u2mwdd8q', 'geohash' ],
  [ 'g', 'u2mwdd8', 'geohash' ],
  [ 'g', 'u2mwdd', 'geohash' ],
  [ 'g', 'u2mwd', 'geohash' ],
  [ 'g', 'u2mw', 'geohash' ],
  [ 'g', 'u2m', 'geohash' ],
  [ 'g', 'u2', 'geohash' ],
  [ 'g', 'u', 'geohash' ],
  [ 'G', 'countryCode' ],
  [ 'g', 'HU', 'countryCode' ],
  [ 'g', 'HUN', 'countryCode' ],
  [ 'G', 'countryName' ],
  [ 'g', 'Hungary', 'countryName' ],
  [ 'G', 'cityName' ],
  [ 'g', 'Budapest', 'cityName' ],

This is a response with all options enabled (deduped, dedupe: true)

  [ 'G', 'dd' ],
  [ 'g', '47.5636, 19.0947', 'dd' ],
  [ 'G', 'lat' ],
  [ 'g', '47.5636', 'lat' ],
  [ 'g', '47.563', 'lat' ],
  [ 'g', '47.56', 'lat' ],
  [ 'g', '47.5', 'lat' ],
  [ 'G', 'lon' ],
  [ 'g', '19.0947', 'lon' ],
  [ 'g', '19.094', 'lon' ],
  [ 'g', '19.09', 'lon' ],
  [ 'g', '19', 'lon' ],
  [ 'G', 'geohash' ],
  [ 'g', 'u2mwdd8q4', 'geohash' ],
  [ 'g', 'u2mwdd8q', 'geohash' ],
  [ 'g', 'u2mwdd8', 'geohash' ],
  [ 'g', 'u2mwdd', 'geohash' ],
  [ 'g', 'u2mwd', 'geohash' ],
  [ 'g', 'u2mw', 'geohash' ],
  [ 'g', 'u2m', 'geohash' ],
  [ 'g', 'u2', 'geohash' ],
  [ 'g', 'u', 'geohash' ],
  [ 'G', 'countryCode' ],
  [ 'g', 'HU', 'countryCode' ],
  [ 'g', 'HUN', 'countryCode' ],
  [ 'G', 'countryName' ],
  [ 'g', 'Hungary', 'countryName' ],
  [ 'G', 'regionCode' ],
  [ 'g', 'HU-BU', 'regionCode' ],
  [ 'G', 'cityName' ],
  [ 'g', 'Budapest', 'cityName' ],
  [ 'G', 'planetName' ],
  [ 'g', 'Earth', 'planetName' ]


To build the package, run:

npm run build

To run tests:

npm test

Package Sidebar


npm i nostr-geotags

Weekly Downloads






Unpacked Size

78 kB

Total Files


Last publish


  • sandwiches