0.1.2 • Public • Published


nodemips is a MIPS assembling, emulation, and (essentially) manipulation library. You can use it within other projects for your MIPS needs, or simply run it to run a basic MIPS program.

How to Use

Library API documentation is yet to come. To run the simple test pogram (test.asm), which is a demonstration that comes with nodemips, simply run test.js (or nodemips-demo if globally installed via npm).

Usually, nodemips has a browser version, inside the browser folder. If you want to rebuild that version, please note that, in order to run Browserify (npm run build), there must be no browser field in the package.json file of the jimp dependency. Apparently, Browserify uses jimp's own browser version, the latter which requires many files that don't exist.

This currently must be done manually, but only once per nodemips update.

Key Aspects


Performance is decent for simpler programs, but there is most likely much room for optimization. For comparison, the super-minimalistic test program (test.asm), when run by test.js, takes around a second to run with debug logs, but a small fraction of a second without debug logs.

Current emulation accuracy

Note: nodemips is still in an alpha stage, which means it doesn't have as many features as it aims to eventually have.

  • Don't expect an existing MIPS program, e.g. Super Mario 64, to run in nodemips. While architecture accuracy was a concern, this emulator simply executes MIPS I instructions in a generic machine. It won't emulate console-specific details, like graphics registers and interrupts for the Nintendo 64.

    Also, MIPS programs will most likely come in an executable format, like ELF; nodemips follows a specific procedure in order to execute a program. The easiest way to create a nodemips program is by using the assembler (don't try to execute individual lines using the assembler, it won't work). One may also set the Program Counter (PC) to the address of the first instruction (usually, this address will be in the text buffer space, i.e. between 0x00400000 and 0x0FFFFFFF), and set the initial values in the RAM, VRAM, error handling instructions ROM, and maybe even the stack buffer, before starting the machine, by either calling clock many times (although this method won't allow blocking processes like reading on stdin), or using the start, toggle (pause/unpause) and stop methods (which might give lesser control over the flow of the CPU 'cycles').

  • It has a 320x200 VGA mode 13h memory and palette buffers, which may be used in order to display graphics, granted that you can see the JIMP image returned by the MIPSMachine.getVGA async method. To set the R, G and B of the color #i in the VGA palette, simply syscall with $v0 = 0x3C (which is 60, since, unlike i386 implementations of VGA, syscall slot 0x10 is taken), then set $a0, $a1, $a2, $a3 to, respectively, the index i, and the red, green and blue channel values.

  • Only a handful syscalls - printing, and (untested) stdin reading -, are supported at the moment.

  • The filesystem is not currently implemented. While it may eventually be implemented in the Node.JS version, the browserify version will never support a filesystem, due to the basic limitations of localStorage (or any other persistent or permanent data storage mechanism) in browser JavaScript engines.

  • Sound is not yet supported.

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npm i nodemips

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  • gustavo6046