node-twitter-api

Simple module for using Twitter's API in node.js

node-twitter

Simple module for using Twitter's API in node.js

npm install node-twitter-api

var twitterAPI = require('node-twitter-api');
var twitter = new twitterAPI({
    consumerKey: 'your consumer Key',
    consumerSecret: 'your consumer secret',
    callback: 'http://yoururl.tld/something'
});
twitter.getRequestToken(function(errorrequestTokenrequestTokenSecretresults){
    if (error) {
        console.log("Error getting OAuth request token : " + error);
    } else {
        //store token and tokenSecret somewhere, you'll need them later; redirect user 
    }
});

If no error has occured, you now have a requestToken and a requestTokenSecret. You should store them somewhere (e.g. in a session, if you are using express), because you will need them later to get the current user's access token, which is used for authentification.

Redirect the user to https://twitter.com/oauth/authenticate?oauth_token=[requestToken]. twitter.getAuthUrl(requestToken) also returns that URL. If he allows your app to access his data, Twitter will redirect him to your callback-URL (defined in Step 1) containing the get-parameters: oauth_token and oauth_verifier. You can use oauth_token (which is the requestToken in Step 2) to find the associated requestTokenSecret. You will need requestToken, requestTokenSecret and oauth_verifier to get an Access Token.

twitter.getAccessToken(requestToken, requestTokenSecret, oauth_verifier, function(erroraccessTokenaccessTokenSecretresults) {
    if (error) {
        console.log(error);
    } else {
        //store accessToken and accessTokenSecret somewhere (associated to the user) 
        //Step 4: Verify Credentials belongs here 
    }
});

If no error occured, you now have an accessToken and an accessTokenSecret. You need them to authenticate later API-calls.

twitter.verifyCredentials(accessToken, accessTokenSecret, function(errordataresponse) {
    if (error) {
        //something was wrong with either accessToken or accessTokenSecret 
        //start over with Step 1 
    } else {
        //accessToken and accessTokenSecret can now be used to make api-calls (not yet implemented) 
        //data contains the user-data described in the official Twitter-API-docs 
        //you could e.g. display his screen_name 
        console.log(data["screen_name"]);
    }
});

(Allmost) all function names replicate the endpoints of the Twitter API 1.1. If you want to post a status e. g. - which is done by posting data to statuses/update - you can just do the following:

twitter.statuses("update", {
        status: "Hello world!"
    },
    accessToken,
    accessTokenSecret,
    function(errordataresponse) {
        if (error) {
            // something went wrong 
        } else {
            // data contains the data sent by twitter 
        }
    }
);

Most of the functions use the scheme: twitter.[namespace]([type], [params], [accessToken], [accessTokenSecret], [callback]);

  • namespace is the word before the slash (e.g. "statuses", "search", "direct_messages" etc.)
  • type is the word after the slash (e.g. "create", "update", "show" etc.)
  • params is an object containing the parameters you want to give to twitter (refer to the Twitter API Documentation for more information)
  • accessToken and accessTokenSecret are the token and secret of the authenticated user
  • callback is a function with the parameters error (either null or an error object), data (data object) and response (unprocessed response from Twitter)

For Timelines you can also use the function getTimeline which has the following types:

  • user or user_timeline (Note that you need to either specify user_id or screen_name when using this timeline)
  • home or home_timeline
  • mentions or mentions_timeline
  • retweets or retweets_of_me

For more information on the different types of timelines see https://dev.twitter.com/rest/reference/get/statuses/home_timeline (analog for the other types)

For Streams you must use getStream which has two instead of just one callback: a dataCallback and an endCallback. (c.f. data and end events of node's http response)

To upload media to Twitter, call twitter.uploadMedia(params, accessToken, accessTokenSecret, callback) with params containing the following:

  • media: Either the raw binary content of the image, the binary base64 encoded (see isBase64 below) or the path to the file containing the image.
  • isBase64: Set to true, if media contains base64 encoded data

For a example result see https://dev.twitter.com/rest/reference/post/media/upload. You can pass multiple media_ids to the statuses/update endpoint by seperating them with commas (e.g. "[id1],[id2],[id3],[id4]").