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node-red-contrib-slack

2.0.0 • Public • Published

node-red-contrib-slack

A Node-RED node to interact with the Slack API.

Install

Run the following command in the root directory of your Node-RED install:

npm install --save node-red-contrib-slack

Version 2.x of this package is NOT compatible with older versions. Plese refer to the migration section for help.

Usage

The nodes included in this package are purposely generic in nature. The usage very closely mimics the Slack API. Your best source of reference for input/output specifics will be from:

4 nodes are provided:

The rtm API/node(s) are connected to slack via web sockets and are useful for receiving a real-time stream of events/data.

The web API/node(s) are useful for making traditional web service calls and have a much broader use-case.

Combining both rtm and web APIs provides a full solution to interact with the Slack API in it's entirety facilitating powerful flows in Node-RED. Which nodes are appropriate to use for any given use-case can be subjective so familiarizing youself with the documentation links above is extremely beneficial.

invoking methods

To invoke methods (slack-rtm-out, slack-web-out) set the msg.topic to the name of the method and set the msg.payload to the args/params.

The token property is NOT required to be set in any msg.payload.

As an example of invoking the chat.meMessage method with the slack-web-out node you would do the following:

msg.topic = "chat.meMessage";
msg.payload = {
    channel: "...",
    text: "..."
}

return msg;

dressed output

The following nodes each provide Slack API output:

The respective events/responses are generally left unaltered and are directly passed through as msg.payload. However, before outputting the msg the data is traversed to enrich the msg.payload (examples provided below) with complete object data where otherwise only internal Slack IDs are present.

All of the lookups are done dynamically/generically so regardless of what API response you get if the node finds an attribute that appears to be a supported object (user/channel/team/bot) in some shape or form, a corresponding <attribute>Object attribute with the lookup value will be added.

For example, if the response contains a bot_id attribute you would see bot_idObject added, or if it found an attribute called bot it would add botObject etc. Ultimately all the lookups come from slackState (see below) so it could be done on your own but it's added to simplify and for convenience.

An example user_typing event from the slack-rtm-in node:

{
  "type": "user_typing",
  "channel": "...",
  "user": "..."
}

is dressed to be sent as:

{
  "type": "user_typing",
  "channel": "...",
  "user": "...",
  "channelObject": {
    "id": "...",
    "name": "...",
    "is_channel": true,
    "is_group": false,
    "is_im": false,
    "created": 1434735155,
    ...
  },
  "userObject": {
    "id": "...",
    "name": "...",
    "real_name": "...",
    ...
  }
}

Helpers

As a convenience for both the slack-web-out and slack-rtm-out nodes a special interface is supported that allows you to send a message with a simplified structure (msg.topic starts with @ or #):

msg.topic = "@some_user";
# or
msg.topic = "#some_channel";

msg.payload = "a special message just for you"

return msg

As an additional convenience, if you are invoking the chat.meMessage, chat.postEphemeral, chat.postMessage methods (slack-web-out), or message method (slack-rtm-out) and the channel starts with @ or # the node will automatically lookup the appropriate channel.id from slackState (see below) and set it for you.

slackState

All outputs for all nodes include a msg.slackState object which has several properties containing the lists of members/channels/bots/team/etc so downstream nodes can do 'lookups' without re-hitting the API (this data is currently refreshed in the background every 10 minutes). Additionally the internal state is connected to all relevant slack events and updates are reflected real-time in any new messages (ie: a user getting created automatically updates the slackState even before the 10 minute refresh).

nodes

slack-rtm-in

The slack-rtm-in node listens to Slack RTM events and outputs the dressed response as the msg.payload.

By default the node will listen to ALL events. You can however filter event types by setting the node Slack Events property to a value taking the form of type[::subtype][,type[::subtype],...]. For example message to receive only events of type message or message::bot_message to receive only events of type message which additionally have a subtype of bot_message.

Example output:

{
  "payload" {
    "type": "user_typing",
    "channel": "...",
    "user": "...",
    "channelObject": {
        "id": "...",
        "name": "...",
        "is_channel": true,
        "is_group": false,
        "is_im": false,
        "created": 1434735155,
        ...
    },
    "userObject": {
        "id": "...",
        "name": "...",
        "real_name": "...",
        ...
    }
  },
  "slackState": {
    ...
  }
}

slack-rtm-out

Invokes a Slack RTM method and outputs the dressed response as the msg.payload.

Available methods:

Using slack-rtm-out for sending messages should only be used for very basic messages, preference would be to use the chat.postMessage, method of the slack-web-out node for anything beyond the simplest messaging use-case as it supports attachments as well as many other features.

presence_sub is a powerful slack-rtm-out method that allows you to receive presence_change events on the slack-rtm-in node. See the presence example below for further details.

Example input:

msg.topic = 'presence_query';
msg.payload = {
    ids: [
        '...'
    ]
}
return msg;

Example output:

{
  "topic": "presence_query",
  "payload": {
    "ok":true,
    "type":"presence_query"
  },
  "slackState": {
    ...
  }
}

slack-web-out

Invokes a Slack Web method and outputs the dressed response as the msg.payload.

See the sending a message example for advanced message sending.

Example input:

msg.topic = "chat.meMessage";
msg.payload = {
    channel: "...",
    text: "..."
}

return msg;

Example output:

{
  "topic": "chat.meMessage",
  "payload": {
    "channel": "...",
    "ts": "1552705036.049000",
    "ok": true,
    "scopes": [
      "identify",
      "read",
      "post",
      "client",
      "apps"
    ],
    "acceptedScopes": [
      "chat:write:user",
      "post"
    ],
    "channelObject": {
      "id": "...",
      ...
      "userObject": {
        "id": "...",
        ...
      }
    }
  },
  "slackState": {
    ...
  }
}

slack-state

slack-state outputs a message with msg.slackState added. If the msg.payload sent to slack-state is true then it will first do a full refresh of the state (should not generally be necessary) and then output the msg.

The state events (2nd) output of the node emits a signal when the state has been fully initialized after (re)connect. This can be useful if you want to perform any post initilization tasks (ie: presence_sub ).

Example input:

msg.payload = true; // force a refresh
return msg;

Example output (state):

{
  "slackState": {
    ...
  }
}

Example output (state events):

{
  "payload": {
    "type":"ready"
  },
  "slackState": {
    ...
  }
}

Examples / Advanced

sending a message

While you can send messages using the simplified syntax (msg.topic starts with @ or # and msg.payload is the message) using either the slack-web-out or the slack-rtm-out nodes, your use-case may require more control. The most advanced message sending can be accomplished by invoking the chat.postMessage method of the slack-web-out node:

var topic = "chat.postMessage";

var payload = {
    // channel: "@someuser",
    // or
    // channel: "#somechannel",
    text: "hi from bot",
    ...
    // review linked documentation for all options
}

msg = {
  topic: topic,
  payload: payload
}

return msg;

respond to keyword

A simple respond to keyword example function node to place between a slack-rtm-in node and a slack-web-out node:

// ignore anything but messages
if (msg.payload.type != "message") {
    return null;
}

// ignore deleted messages
if (msg.payload.subtype == "message_deleted") {
    return null;
}

// ignore messages from bots
if (msg.payload.bot_id || (msg.payload.userObject && msg.payload.userObject.is_bot)) {
    return null;
}

// if you only want to watch a specific channel put name here
var channel = "";
if (channel && !msg.payload.channelObject) {
    return null;
}

if (channel && msg.payload.channelObject.name != channel.replace(/^@/, "").replace(/^#/, "")) {
    return null;
}

// only specific users
var username = "";
if (username && !msq.payload.userObject) {
    return null;
}

if (username && msq.payload.userObject.name.replace(/^@/, "") != username)) {
    return null;
}

// check for keyword
// could use regex etc
if (!msg.payload.text.includes("keyword")) {
    return null;
}

// prepare outbound response
var topic = "chat.postMessage";
var payload = {
    channel: msg.payload.channel, // respond to same channel
    //text: '<@' + msg.payload.userObject.name + '>, thanks for chatting',
    text: '<@' + msg.payload.user + '>, thanks for chatting',
    //as_user: false,
    //username: "",
    //attachments: [],
    //icon_emoji: "",
}

msg = {
    topic: topic,
    payload: payload
}

return msg;

presence

While slackState does not automatically subscribe to presence_change events for you, it will keep track of presence details in slackState if any presence_change events are received (this is all done behind the scenes).

To subscribe to presence_change events for all your users place the following function node between the slack events output of the slack-state node and the slack-rtm-out node:

msg.topic = 'presence_sub';
var ids = [];

for (var id in msg.slackState.members) {
  if (msg.slackState.members.hasOwnProperty(id)) {
    ids.push(id)
  }
}

msg.payload = {
    ids: ids
}
return msg;

The theory of operation is:

  1. wait for the slackState to be initialized so you have a complete list of members
  2. iterate that list to build up the appropriate request to slack-rtm-out
  3. subscribe to presence events by sending the message to slack-rtm-out
  4. receive presence events on the slack-rtm-in node

Immediately after the request is sent you will see a flood of presence_change events emitted on the slack-rtm-in node. Once the initial flood of messages has passed continued updates will come through as appropriate. Again, behind the scenes the slack-state nodes are listening for these events and updating the slackState.presence values appropriately for general usage/consumption in your flow(s).

If you are really interested in keeping the data updated you could capture team_join events from a slack-rtm-in node and wire those to the above function node as well triggering the same procedure when new users join the team. You may need to put a delay node before the function node just to give slackState enough time to process this same event and update.

An alternative would be to wire an inject node to the function node and put it on a sane interval such as every 10 minutes.

If you wanted to be really sure you are receiving all presence_change events for the whole team do all the above.

migration from 0.1.2 or earlier

In order to replicate the previous behavior it is possible to introduce simple function nodes.

Roughly speaking the node equivalents are:

0.1.2 2.x
slack slack-web-out
Slack Bot In slack-rtm-in
Slack Bot Out slack-rtm-out

slack

To replicate the slack node simply place the following function node just before the new slack-web-out node:

// https://api.slack.com/methods/chat.postMessage
msg.topic = "chat.postMessage"
var payload = {
    text: msg.payload
};

// set default username (replicate the node configuration value)
var username = "";
if (username) {
    payload.username = username;
    payload.as_user = false;
} else if (msg.username) {
    payload.username = msg.username;
    payload.as_user = false;
}

// set default emojiIcon (replicate the node configuration value)
var emojiIcon = "";
if (emojiIcon) {
    payload.icon_emoji = emojiIcon;
} else if (msg.emojiIcon) {
    payload.icon_emoji = msg.emojiIcon;
}

// set default channel (replicate the node configuration value)
var channel = "";
if (channel) {
    payload.channel = channel;
} else if (msg.channel) {
    payload.channel = msg.channel
}

if (msg.attachments) {
    payload.attachments = msg.attachments;
}

msg.payload = payload;

return msg;

Slack Bot In

To replicate the Slack Bot In node simply place the following function node downstream from the new slack-rtm-in node:

// https://api.slack.com/events/message

if (msg.payload.type != "message") {
    return null;
}

// if you only want to watch a specific channel put name here
var channel = "";
if (channel && !msg.payload.channelObject) {
    return null;
}

if (channel && msg.payload.channelObject.name != channel.replace(/^@/, "").replace(/^#/, "")) {
    return null;
}

var payload = "";
if (msg.payload.text) {
    payload += msg.payload.text;
}

if (msg.payload.attachments) {
    if (payload) {
        payload += "\n";
    }

    msg.payload.attachments.forEach((attachment, index) => {
        if (index > 0) {
            payload += "\n";
        }
        payload += attachment.fallback;
    })
}

var slackObj = {
    id: msg.payload.client_msg_id,
    type: msg.payload.type,
    text: msg.payload.text,
    channelName: msg.payload.channelObject.name,
    channel: msg.payload.channelObject,
    fromUser: (msg.payload.userObject) ? msg.payload.userObject.name : "",
    attachments: msg.payload.attachments
};

msg = {
    payload: payload,
    slackObj: slackObj
}

return msg;

Slack Bot Out

To replicate the Slack Bot Out node simply place the following function node just before the new slack-rtm-out node:

// set channel
var channel = "";
if (channel) {
    // do nothing, use the provided channel
} else if (msg.channel) {
    channel = msg.channel;
} else if (msg.slackObj && msg.slackObj.channel) {
    channel = msg.slackObj.channel
} else {
    node.error("'slackChannel' is not defined, check you are specifying a channel in the message (msg.channel) or the node config.");
    node.error("Message: '" + JSON.stringify(msg));
    return null;
}

msg = {
    topic: channel,
    payload: msg.payload
}

return msg;

Additional Resources

install

npm i node-red-contrib-slack

Downloadsweekly downloads

2,879

version

2.0.0

license

MIT

homepage

github.com

repository

Gitgithub

last publish

collaborators

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