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    Custom Nodes for Node RED to allow basic operations against an Azure Cosmos DB.

    The add-on is still in early development and the functionality will be enhanced over time.


    Right now there are to available options to install Node RED add-ons.

    Via the Web-Interface

    1. Open the menu in the upper right corner
    2. Choose Manage Palette
    3. Under Install, search for: node-red-contrib-cosmos-db

    Via the command line

    1. Navigate to your Node RED user directory, usally $HOME/.node-red
    2. Run the following command:
    npm install node-red-contrib-cosmos-db


    There are a total of three nodes implemented.

    Config Node

    Before using any nodes you have to configure your Database. For that you have the option to create config nodes from within the normal nodes.

    You only need 2 parameters from your Cosmos Database:

    1. Your endpoint, usally something like this: https://[instance-name]
    2. The primary key, which is found under the Keys Tab in the Azure console.

    SQL Node

    The SQL Node is used to perform read operations against a specified container. The query can be set by:

    1. The msg.topic parameter
    2. The included text editor within the node.

    The second option will always override any topic that was specified beforehand.

    msg.topic example:

    SELECT *
    FROM   c

    The reference for the SQL-Syntax can be found in the Microsoft SQL Docs.

    Prepared Statements

    You also have the option to use prepared statements. For that the query has to be defined in the included editor within the node. This is to prevent SQL-Injection. Internally sqlstring is used to properly escape values.

    The node uses ?variable in the statement, so the query should look something like this:

    SELECT *
    FROM   c
    WHERE = ?id
      AND = ?city

    To fill the variables you use the msg.params object:

        "id": 1234,
        "city": "Berlin"

    Note that this method can only be used to replace values, not table names and value names. Such a replacement cannot be safely achieved without the risk of SQL-Injection. If you need such a feature, you can always generate the required query in a function node and write it to the msg.topic object.

    Using the exposed API

    Within the node you have the option to expose the container object, which is loosley described in the Node.js documentation. This allows you to use operations like replace or delete. If the option is checked, the API will be exposed on the msg.cosmos property, and can be used like this:

    //Get the desired resource
    let data = msg.payload.resources[0];
    //Change whatever you like = "Berlin";
    //Write the updated data to Cosmos
        .replace(data).then(o => {
            //Then part is used to wait for the object to complete, you do not have to do this.
            msg.replacedItem = o;

    Relay original Payload

    When updating or creating new items it is useful to keep the original payload. I used to achieve this with a function node in front of the query node. The second checkbox within the node allows the user to skip this step. When enabled the original payload gets written to msg.initialPayload.


    In Addition to SQL queries, the other nodes allow you to acquire resource tokens from the database, aswell as the creation of permissions on the database.

    Resource Token Node

    The node takes a permission object as input. In addition to that, some parameters can be altered in the node config. Although they will not override any variable from the input object msg.payload.permission. The object is defined as follows:

    export declare interface Permission {
        /** The id of the permission */
        id: string;
        /** The mode of the permission */
        permissionMode: "none" | "read" | "all";
        /** The id of the container that the permission will be applied to. */
        container: string;
        /** Partitions Keys for the Permission, optional */
        resourcePartitionKey?: string | any[];

    If a permission with the specified id exists, the resulting permission object, including the resource token will be returned on msg.payload.permission, overriding the input.

    If no permission is found, the msg.payload.permission will be unaltered. In addition the property msg.permissionError can be set to the following options:

    • noUser: there is no user with the user id specified within the node config
    • noPermission: while the user exists, there is no permission with the specified id in the permission object.

    Create Permissions Node

    The second auth node is used to create new permissions based on the same interface described above.

    The output of the node is the same as the resource token node, when a token is successfully retrieved.




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