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nextjs-dynamic-routes

Next.js Dynamic Routes

A dynamic routing solution for the awesome Next.js framework.

Why ?

Next.js introduced in it's V2 a programmatic routing API allowing you to serve your Next app from, for example, an express server:

// yourServer.js
server.get('/user/:id', (req, res) => {
  return app.render(req, res, '/user', req.params)
})
// ./pages/index.js
<Link href={`/user?id={id}`} as={`/user/${id}`}><a>Visit me!</a></Link>

But as the number of pages grows, it's getting a little hard to manage...

Introducing Dynamic Routes

npm install --save nextjs-dynamic-routes

Setup your routes

Create a routes.js file and list all your Dynamic routes. You don't have to list your regular routes, as Next.js will handle them as usual.

const Router = require('nextjs-dynamic-routes')
 
const router = new Router()
 
router.add({ name: 'character', pattern: '/characters/:id' }),
router.add({ name: 'film', pattern: '/films/:id' }),
 
// if the name of your route is different from your component file name:
router.add({
  name: 'characterAndFilm',
  pattern: '/character-and-film/:characterId/:filmId',
  page: 'character-and-film'
}),
 
module.exports = router
 

Setup your request handler

const express = require('express')
const next = require('next')
const Router = require('./routes')
 
const app = next({ dev: process.env.NODE_ENV !== 'production' })
const server = express()
const handle = Router.getRequestHandler(app)
 
app.prepare()
  .then(() => {
    server.get('*', (req, res) => handle(req, res))
    server.listen(3000)
  })

Use your routes

Then Nextjs Dynamic Routes exports a Link component. It's just like next/link, but it adds a route prop that let you refer to a route by its name.

// pages/index.js
import React from 'react'
import { Link } from '../routes'
 
export default () => (
  <ul>
    <li><Link route="character" id="1"><a>Luke Skywalker</a></Link></li>
    <li><Link route="character" id="2"><a>C-3PO</a></Link></li>
    <li><Link route="film" id="1"><a>A New Hope</a></Link></li>
    <li><Link route="film" id="2"><a>The Empire Strikes Back</a></Link></li>
    <li>
      <Link route="characterAndFilm" characterId="1" filmId="2">
        <a>The Empire Strikes Back and Luke Skywalker</a>
      </Link>
    </li>
  </ul>
)
// pages/character.js
import React from 'react'
 
export default class Character extends React.Component {
  static async getInitialProps({ query }) {
    return fetch(`//swapi.co/api/films/${query.id}`).then(x => x.json())
  }
 
  render() {
    return <p>{this.props.name}</p>
  }
}

Prefetching data

Next.js has this great feature allowing you to prefetch data for your next routes in the background.

You can benefit of that by simply putting a prefetch property on any Link :

<Link prefetch route="film" id="2"><a>The Empire Strikes Back</a></Link>

Imperative API

Router.pushRoute(name, params [, options])

import Router from '../routes'
 
<button onClick={() => Router.pushRoute('film', { id: 2 })}>
  Go to film 2
</button>

Router.replaceRoute(name, params [, options])

import Router from '../routes'
 
<button onClick={() => Router.replaceRoute('film', { id: 2 })}>
  Go to film 2
</button>

Router.prefetchRoute(name, params)

import Router from '../routes'
 
<button onClick={() => Router.prefetchRoute('film', { id: 2 })}>
  Prefetch film 2
</button>

Router.getRoutePath(name, params)

import Router from '../routes'
 
console.log(Router.getRoutePath('characterAndFilm', { characterId: 2, filmId: 5 }))
// => '/character-and-film/2/5'