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    Prints time duration of various stages of a HTTP/S request, like DNS lookup, TLS handshake, Time to First Byte etc. Similarly to the time command, which measures process timings, the nettime command measures HTTP/S request timings. You can find more information in Understanding & Measuring HTTP Timings with Node.js.

    Attention: Command-line options changed between 0.x and 1.x versions, so that they become compatible with curl. If you use the nettime command-line tool, check the affected options:

    -e, --ignore-certificate  =>  -k, --insecure
    -u, --unit                =>  -t, --time-unit
    -U, --user                =>  -u, --user

    The programmatic interface did not change and has remained compatible.

    Command-line usage

    Make sure that you have Node.js >= 8 installed. Install the nettime package globally and print timings of a sample web site:

    $ npm install -g nettime
    $ nettime
    Phase             Finished Duration
    Socket Open         0.023s   0.023s
    DNS Lookup          0.024s   0.001s
    TCP Connection      0.053s   0.029s
    TLS Handshake       0.133s   0.079s
    First Byte          0.174s   0.041s
    Content Transfer    0.176s   0.002s
    Socket Close        0.177s   0.001s
    Status Code: OK (200)

    Running nettime without any parameters prints usage instructions:

    Usage: nettime [options] <URL>
      -V, --version                output the version number
      -0, --http1.0                use HTTP 1.0
          --http1.1                use HTTP 1.1 (default)
          --http2                  use HTTP 2.0
      -c, --connect-timeout <ms>   maximum time to wait for a connection
      -d, --data <data>            data to be sent using the POST verb
      -f, --format <format>        set output format: text, json, raw
      -H, --header <header>        send specific HTTP header
      -i, --include                include response headers in the output
      -I, --head                   use HEAD verb to get document info only
      -k, --insecure               ignore certificate errors
      -o, --output <file>          write the received data to a file
      -t, --time-unit <unit>       set time unit: ms, s+ns
      -u, --user <credentials>     credentials for Basic Authentication
      -X, --request <verb>         specify HTTP verb to use for the request
      -C, --request-count <count>  count of requests to make (default: 1)
      -D, --request-delay <ms>     delay between two requests
      -A, --average-timings        print an average of multiple request timings
      -h, --help                   output usage information
    The default output format is "text" and time unit "ms". Other options
    are compatible with curl. Timings are printed to the standard output.
      $ nettime -f json
      $ nettime --http2 -C 3 -A

    Programmatic usage

    Make sure that you use Node.js >= 8. Install the nettime package locally and get time duration of waiting for the response and downloading the content of a sample web page:

    npm install --save nettime
    const nettime = require('nettime')
      .then(result => {
        if (result.statusCode === 200) {
          let timings = result.timings
          let waiting = nettime.getDuration([0, 0], timings.firstByte)
          let downloading = nettime.getDuration(timings.firstByte, timings.contentTransfer)
          console.log('Waiting for the response:', nettime.getMilliseconds(waiting) + 'ms')
          console.log('Downloading the content:', nettime.getMilliseconds(downloading) + 'ms')
      .catch(error => console.error(error))

    The main module exports a function which makes a HTTP/S request and returns a Promise to the result object.

    The input argument is a string with a URL to make the request with, or an object with multiple properties.

    The input object can contain:

    • url: string with a URL to make the request with.
    • credentials: object with username and password string properties to be used for formatting of the Basic Authentication HTTP header.
    • data: string or Buffer to send to the server using the HTTP verb POST and the content type application/x-www-form-urlencoded by default.
    • failOnOutputFileError: boolean for preventing the request timing operation from failing, if writing to the output file failed. If set to false, the error will be printed on the standard output and the process exit code will be set to 2. It is in effect only if outputFile is specified. The default is true.
    • headers: object with header names as string keys and header values as string values.
    • httpVersion: string with the protocol version ('1.0', '1.1' or '2.0') to be sent to the server. (Node.js HTTP support is hard-coded for 1.1. There can be a difference between 1.0 and 1.1 on the server side only. Node.js supports HTTP/2 in the version 8.4.0 or newer with the --expose-http2 command-lime option and in the version 8.8.1 or newer out-of-the-box. Alternatively, you can install a "http2" module as a polyfill.)
    • includeHeaders: boolean for including property headers (Object) with response headers in the promised result object. If outputFile is specified, the headers are written to the beginning of the output file too.
    • method: HTTP verb to use in the HTTP request; GET is the default, unless -i or -d options are not set.
    • outputFile: file path to write the received data to.
    • rejectUnauthorized: boolean to refuse finishing the HTTPS request, is set to true (the default), if validation of the web site certificate fails; setting it to false makes the request ignore certificate errors.
    • returnResponse: boolean for including property response (Buffer) with the received data in the promised result object.
    • requestCount: integer for making multiple requests instead of one.
    • requestDelay: integer to introduce a delay (in milliseconds ) between each two requests. The default is 100.
    • timeout: intere to set the maximum time (in milliseconds) a single request should take before aborting it.

    The result object contains:

    • httpVersion: HTTP version, which the server responsed with (string).
    • statusCode: HTTP status code of the response (integer).
    • statusMessage: HTTP status message for the status code (string).
    • timings: object with timing properties from various stages of the request. Timing is an array with two integers - seconds and nanoseconds passed since the request has been made, as returned by process.hrtime.
      "httpVersion": '1.1',
      "statusCode": 200,
      "statusMessage": "OK",
      "timings": {
        "socketOpen": [ 0, 13260126 ],
        "dnsLookup": [ 0, 13747391 ],     // Optional, if hostname was specified
        "tcpConnection": [ 0, 152135165 ],
        "tlsHandshake": [ 0, 433219351 ], // Optional, if HTTPS protocol was used
        "firstByte": [ 1, 888887072 ],
        "contentTransfer": [ 1, 891221207 ],
        "socketClose": [ 1, 893156380 ]

    If the option requestCount is greater than 1, the result objects will be returned in an array of the same length as teh requestCount value.

    Note: The time-unit parameter affects not only the "text" output format of the command line script, but also the "json" one. If set to "ms", timing values will be printed in milliseconds. If set to "s+ns", timings will be printed as arrays in process.hrtime's format. Calling the nettime function programmatically will always return the timings as arrays in process.hrtime's format.

    Helper functions

    The following functions are exposed as named exports from the nettime/lib/timings module to help dealing with process.hrtime's timing format and timings from multiple requests:

    • getDuration(start, end): computes the difference between two timings. Expects two arrays in process.hrtime's format and returns the result as an array in the same process.hrtime's format.
    • getMilliseconds(timing): converts the timing to milliseconds. Expects an array in process.hrtime's format and returns the result as an integer.
    • computeAverageDurations(multipleTimings): computes average durations from an array of event timings. The array is supposed to contain objects with the same keys as the timings object from the nettime response. The returned object will contain the same keys pointing to event durations in process.hrtime's format.
    • createTimingsFromDurations(timings, startTime): reconstructs event timings from event durations. The timings object is supposed to contain the same keys as the timings object from the nettime response, but pointing to event durations in process.hrtime's format. The returned object will contain the same keys, but pointing to event times in process.hrtime's format. The startTime parameter can shoft the event times. The default is no shift - [0, 0].

    These methods can be required separately too:

    const {
      getDuration, getMilliseconds,
      computeAverageDurations, createTimingsFromDurations 
    = require('nettime/lib/timings')

    Methods getDuration and getMilliseconds are accessible also as static methods of the nettime function exported from the main nettime module.


    In lieu of a formal styleguide, take care to maintain the existing coding style. Add unit tests for any new or changed functionality. Lint and test your code using Grunt.

    Release History

    • 2019-10-18 v2.1.2 Fix crash on Node.js 10 and newer
    • 2019-03-10 v2.1.0 Added option for setting connection timeout
    • 2018-05-19 v2.0.1 Fixed http2 connection for Node.js 8.11.2
    • 2018-04-27 v2.0.0 Dropped support of Node.js 4
    • 2018-03-16 v1.1.2 Upgrade package dependencies
    • 2017-12-21 v1.1.1 Upgrade semantic release and other dependencies
    • 2017-11-11 v1.1.0 Support HTTP/2 requests
    • 2017-11-06 v1.0.0 Make command-line options compatible with curl
    • 2017-11-06 v0.5.0 Add support for the curl options "iIXdo"
    • 2017-11-06 v0.4.0 Support custom headers and Basic Authentication
    • 2017-11-05 v0.3.3 Do not add seconds in nanosecond precision to avoid errors
    • 2017-11-04 v0.3.2 Print HTTP status message too
    • 2017-10-22 v0.3.1 Round resulting milliseconds instead of truncating them
    • 2017-10-22 v0.3.0 Allow ignoring of TLS certificate errors
    • 2017-10-22 v0.2.0 Add timing for Socket Close
    • 2017-10-21 v0.1.0 Initial release


    Copyright (c) 2017-2019 Ferdinand Prantl

    Licensed under the MIT license.


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