netrange

0.0.3 • Public • Published

netrange

get an accurate range of ips using a hex algorithm. useful for IPv4-based neighbor discovery on a subnet or for other range sniffing activities.

install

$ npm i netrange

use

require('netrange')('1.1.255.254','1.2.0.1') // ['1.1.255.254', '1.1.255.255', '1.2.0.0', '1.2.0.1']

subnet slash

In slash notation, a single number indicates how many bits of the IP address identify the network the host is on. A netmask of 255.255.255.0 has a netmask of 8 + 8 + 8 = 24. For example, writing 192.168.42.23/24 is the same as specifying an IP address of 192.168.42.23 with a corresponding netmask of 255.255.255.0. Often you have to enter the netmask as slash notation, an easy task with the usual 255.255.255.0. However if your network doesn't have 255 hosts, for example only 8 hosts, then the netmask will be 255.255.255.248.

The following table lists the variable length subnets from 1 to 32, the CIDR [3] representation form (/xx) and the Decmial equivalents. (M = Million, K=Thousand, A,B,C= traditional class values)

mask value: Hex CIDR Decimal # of addresses Classfull
80.00.00.00 /1 128.0.0.0 2048 M 128 A
C0.00.00.00 /2 192.0.0.0 1024 M 64 A
E0.00.00.00 /3 224.0.0.0 512 M 32 A
F0.00.00.00 /4 240.0.0.0 256 M 16 A
F8.00.00.00 /5 248.0.0.0 128 M 8 A
FC.00.00.00 /6 252.0.0.0 64 M 4 A
FE.00.00.00 /7 254.0.0.0 32 M 2 A
FF.00.00.00 /8 255.0.0.0 16 M 1 A
FF.80.00.00 /9 255.128.0.0 8 M 128 B
FF.C0.00.00 /10 255.192.0.0 4 M 64 B
FF.E0.00.00 /11 255.224.0.0 2 M 32 B
FF.F0.00.00 /12 255.240.0.0 1024 K 16 B
FF.F8.00.00 /13 255.248.0.0 512 K 8 B
FF.FC.00.00 /14 255.252.0.0 256 K 4 B
FF.FE.00.00 /15 255.254.0.0 128 K 2 B
FF.FF.00.00 /16 255.255.0.0 64 K 1 B
FF.FF.80.00 /17 255.255.128.0 32 K 128 C
FF.FF.C0.00 /18 255.255.192.0 16 K 64 C
FF.FF.E0.00 /19 255.255.224.0 8 K 32 C
FF.FF.F0.00 /20 255.255.240.0 4 K 16 C
FF.FF.F8.00 /21 255.255.248.0 2 K 8 C
FF.FF.FC.00 /22 255.255.252.0 1 K 4 C
FF.FF.FE.00 /23 255.255.254.0 512 2 C
FF.FF.FF.00 /24 255.255.255.0 256 1 C
FF.FF.FF.80 /25 255.255.255.128 128 1/2 C
FF.FF.FF.C0 /26 255.255.255.192 64 1/4 C
FF.FF.FF.E0 /27 255.255.255.224 32 1/8 C
FF.FF.FF.F0 /28 255.255.255.240 16 1/16 C
FF.FF.FF.F8 /29 255.255.255.248 8 1/32 C
FF.FF.FF.FC /30 255.255.255.252 4 1/64 C
FF.FF.FF.FE /31 255.255.255.254 2 1/128 C
FF.FF.FF.FF /32 255.255.255.255 This is a single host route

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Install

npm i netrange

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Version

0.0.3

License

AGPLv3

Last publish

Collaborators

  • nucleardreamer
  • reqshark