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nest-access-control

1.0.0 • Public • Published

Nest Access Control

TODO: Add some bages

A helper Module for building a Role and Attribute based Access Control System for Nestjs

TL;DR: recently our system was needing to have a Control Panel, so you can control, and monitor every thing from there, and it was really really needing some Role based access control system, so i build this module for that, it is really cool, so i'd love to share it with you, and any PR are more than welcome ❤️

this module is built on top of onury's accesscontrol library here is some of it's Core Features

  • Chainable, friendly API.
    e.g. ac.can(role).create(resource)
  • Role hierarchical inheritance.
  • Define grants at once (e.g. from database result) or one by one.
  • Grant/deny permissions by attributes defined by glob notation (with nested object support).
  • Ability to filter data (model) instance by allowed attributes.
  • Ability to control access on own or any resources.
  • Ability to lock underlying grants model.
  • No silent errors.
  • Fast. (Grants are stored in memory, no database queries.)
  • Brutally tested.
  • TypeScript support.

+ What this Module Provide ?

in this module you will have all these features out of the box, but in nest-ish way.

  • It's Decorator-based so most of the time you will use decorators in your routes.
  • Built-in ACGuard so you can go and use it directly.
  • Access to the underlying AccessControl object from everywhere.

Installation

  • NPM:
npm install nest-access-control --save
  • Yarn:
yarn add nest-access-control

Example

see example folder for the more code;

We need to build a Video service so users can share there videos with others, but we need some admins to control these videos.

  1. let's first define our roles:

to build our roles we will need the RolesBuilder class, it extends the AccessControl class from accesscontrol package.

// app.roles.ts
 
export enum AppRoles {
  USER_CREATE_ANY_VIDEO = 'USER_CREATE_ANY_VIDEO',
  ADMIN_UPDATE_OWN_VIDEO = 'ADMIN_UPDATE_OWN_VIDEO',
}
 
export const roles: RolesBuilder = new RolesBuilder();
 
roles
  .grant(AppRoles.USER_CREATE_ANY_VIDEO) // define new or modify existing role. also takes an array.
  .createOwn('video') // equivalent to .createOwn('video', ['*'])
  .deleteOwn('video')
  .readAny('video')
  .grant(AppRoles.ADMIN_UPDATE_OWN_VIDEO) // switch to another role without breaking the chain
  .extend(AppRoles.USER_CREATE_ANY_VIDEO) // inherit role capabilities. also takes an array
  .updateAny('video', ['title']) // explicitly defined attributes
  .deleteAny('video');

Pro Tip 👍 : Keep all roles organized and in one file e,g: app.roles.ts

  1. next let's use AccessControlModule in our Root module:
// app.module.ts
 
import { roles } from './app.roles';
 
@Module({
  imports: [AccessControlModule.forRoles(roles)],
  controllers: [AppController],
  providers: [AppService],
})
export class AppModule {}

until now everything is fine, but let's make our application, assume that we have list of video names, user can - according to our roles - create:own new video, and read:any video, so let's build it

// app.service.ts
...
@Controller()
export class AppController  {
    constructor(private readonly appService: AppService)  {}
    @UseGuards(AuthGuard, ACGuard)
    @UseRoles({
        resource:  'video',
        action:  'read',
        possession:  'any',
    })
    @Get()
    root(@UserRoles() userRoles: any)  {
        return this.appService.root(userRoles);
    }
}

so let's discuss what's going on !

First we introduced two new decorators, actually they are three, but let's see what they can do:

  • @UseRoles({ ... }): this the most used decorator, it define what roles should user have to access this route. it may take one or more role, but keep in mind that all roles must be satisfied. the structure of the role is really simple, for example, here we define what resources we have, and the ACGuard* - Damn, it's a good name for a guard 😂 - will check for the user roles, then if the user roles have the permissions to access this resource the guard will return true, else it will throw a ForbiddenException. for more information about the structure of roles see roles.interface.ts file or read the original documentation form accesscontrol library here .

    *note: for those who are asking what ACGuard stands for, it of course stands for Access Control Guard 😄

  • UserRoles(<prop>): if you want to get access to the user roles directly, maybe you want to check it's roles manually instead of ACGuard doing it for you, then that decorator what you are looking for. the decorator it really simple, it just return the req.user.roles value from the request object, but wait, what if the user roles isn't exist in prop: role , we know that you will ask this question, so that You can pass an optional property key to the decorator to get it from the user object e.g @UserRoles('premissions') will return the req.user.premissions instead.

  • @InjectRolesBuilder(): If you hate the ACGuard - imo it's a good guard - and want to build your own Guard instead, you will likely need to access to the underlying RolesBuilder Object , then that decorator for you, it will inject the Roles you have defined before, i.e the object passed to the AccessControlModule.forRoles(roles).

  1. are you still there ? Ok, that's it, you can go and run the application now, but wait, did someone asked for the AuthGuard ? Ok let's discuss the LIMITATIONS

Limitations

First of all, this module built with some assumptions

  1. the user object will be exist in req.user
  2. it is up to you to build your own AuthGuard that will attach the user object to the req object, read more
  3. the AuthGuard must be registered before roles guard, in this case it's ACGuard, and of course you can combine the AuthGuard and ACGuard in one guard, and use it everywhere.

secondly, i don't think these are limitations, since you can easily build your own guard and you don't need the built-in ones anymore.

CHANGELOG

See CHANGELOG for more information.

Contributing

you are welcome with this project for contributing, just make a PR

Authors

  • Shady Khalifa - Initial work

See also the list of contributors who participated in this project.

License

This project is licensed under the MIT License - see the LICENSE.md file for details

install

npm i nest-access-control

Downloadsweekly downloads

280

version

1.0.0

license

MIT

homepage

github.com

repository

Gitgithub

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