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    neo4j-driver
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    4.2.3 • Public • Published

    Neo4j Driver for JavaScript

    This is the official Neo4j driver for JavaScript.

    Resources to get you started:

    What's New in 4.2

    Including the Driver

    In Node.js application

    Stable channel:

    npm install neo4j-driver

    Pre-release channel:

    npm install neo4j-driver@next

    Please note that @next only points to pre-releases that are not suitable for production use. To get the latest stable release omit @next part altogether or use @latest instead.

    var neo4j = require('neo4j-driver')

    Driver instance should be closed when Node.js application exits:

    driver.close() // returns a Promise

    otherwise application shutdown might hang or it might exit with a non-zero exit code.

    In web browser

    We build a special browser version of the driver, which supports connecting to Neo4j over WebSockets. It can be included in an HTML page using one of the following tags:

    <!-- Direct reference -->
    <script src="lib/browser/neo4j-web.min.js"></script>
    
    <!-- unpkg CDN non-minified -->
    <script src="https://unpkg.com/neo4j-driver"></script>
    <!-- unpkg CDN minified for production use, version X.Y.Z -->
    <script src="https://unpkg.com/neo4j-driver@X.Y.Z/lib/browser/neo4j-web.min.js"></script>
    
    <!-- jsDelivr CDN non-minified -->
    <script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/neo4j-driver"></script>
    <!-- jsDelivr CDN minified for production use, version X.Y.Z -->
    <script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/neo4j-driver@X.Y.Z/lib/browser/neo4j-web.min.js"></script>

    This will make a global neo4j object available, where you can create a driver instance with neo4j.driver:

    var driver = neo4j.driver(
      'neo4j://localhost',
      neo4j.auth.basic('neo4j', 'password')
    )

    It is not required to explicitly close the driver on a web page. Web browser should gracefully close all open WebSockets when the page is unloaded. However, driver instance should be explicitly closed when it's lifetime is not the same as the lifetime of the web page:

    driver.close() // returns a Promise

    Usage examples

    Constructing a Driver

    // Create a driver instance, for the user `neo4j` with password `password`.
    // It should be enough to have a single driver per database per application.
    var driver = neo4j.driver(
      'neo4j://localhost',
      neo4j.auth.basic('neo4j', 'password')
    )
    
    // Close the driver when application exits.
    // This closes all used network connections.
    await driver.close()

    Acquiring a Session

    Regular Session

    // Create a session to run Cypher statements in.
    // Note: Always make sure to close sessions when you are done using them!
    var session = driver.session()
    with a Default Access Mode of READ
    var session = driver.session({ defaultAccessMode: neo4j.session.READ })
    with Bookmarks
    var session = driver.session({
      bookmarks: [bookmark1FromPreviousSession, bookmark2FromPreviousSession]
    })
    against a Database
    var session = driver.session({
      database: 'foo',
      defaultAccessMode: neo4j.session.WRITE
    })

    Reactive Session

    // Create a reactive session to run Cypher statements in.
    // Note: Always make sure to close sessions when you are done using them!
    var rxSession = driver.rxSession()
    with a Default Access Mode of READ
    var rxSession = driver.rxSession({ defaultAccessMode: neo4j.session.READ })
    with Bookmarks
    var rxSession = driver.rxSession({
      bookmarks: [bookmark1FromPreviousSession, bookmark2FromPreviousSession]
    })
    against a Database
    var rxSession = driver.rxSession({
      database: 'foo',
      defaultAccessMode: neo4j.session.WRITE
    })

    Executing Queries

    Consuming Records with Streaming API

    // Run a Cypher statement, reading the result in a streaming manner as records arrive:
    session
      .run('MERGE (alice:Person {name : $nameParam}) RETURN alice.name AS name', {
        nameParam: 'Alice'
      })
      .subscribe({
        onKeys: keys => {
          console.log(keys)
        },
        onNext: record => {
          console.log(record.get('name'))
        },
        onCompleted: () => {
          session.close() // returns a Promise
        },
        onError: error => {
          console.log(error)
        }
      })

    Subscriber API allows following combinations of onKeys, onNext, onCompleted and onError callback invocations:

    • zero or one onKeys,
    • zero or more onNext followed by onCompleted when operation was successful. onError will not be invoked in this case
    • zero or more onNext followed by onError when operation failed. Callback onError might be invoked after couple onNext invocations because records are streamed lazily by the database. onCompleted will not be invoked in this case.

    Consuming Records with Promise API

    // the Promise way, where the complete result is collected before we act on it:
    session
      .run('MERGE (james:Person {name : $nameParam}) RETURN james.name AS name', {
        nameParam: 'James'
      })
      .then(result => {
        result.records.forEach(record => {
          console.log(record.get('name'))
        })
      })
      .catch(error => {
        console.log(error)
      })
      .then(() => session.close())

    Consuming Records with Reactive API

    rxSession
      .run('MERGE (james:Person {name: $nameParam}) RETURN james.name AS name', {
        nameParam: 'Bob'
      })
      .records()
      .pipe(
        map(record => record.get('name')),
        concat(rxSession.close())
      )
      .subscribe({
        next: data => console.log(data),
        complete: () => console.log('completed'),
        error: err => console.log(err)
      })

    Transaction functions

    // Transaction functions provide a convenient API with minimal boilerplate and
    // retries on network fluctuations and transient errors. Maximum retry time is
    // configured on the driver level and is 30 seconds by default:
    // Applies both to standard and reactive sessions.
    neo4j.driver('neo4j://localhost', neo4j.auth.basic('neo4j', 'password'), {
      maxTransactionRetryTime: 30000
    })

    Reading with Async Session

    // It is possible to execute read transactions that will benefit from automatic
    // retries on both single instance ('bolt' URI scheme) and Causal Cluster
    // ('neo4j' URI scheme) and will get automatic load balancing in cluster deployments
    var readTxResultPromise = session.readTransaction(txc => {
      // used transaction will be committed automatically, no need for explicit commit/rollback
    
      var result = txc.run('MATCH (person:Person) RETURN person.name AS name')
      // at this point it is possible to either return the result or process it and return the
      // result of processing it is also possible to run more statements in the same transaction
      return result
    })
    
    // returned Promise can be later consumed like this:
    readTxResultPromise
      .then(result => {
        console.log(result.records)
      })
      .catch(error => {
        console.log(error)
      })
      .then(() => session.close())

    Reading with Reactive Session

    rxSession
      .readTransaction(txc =>
        txc
          .run('MATCH (person:Person) RETURN person.name AS name')
          .records()
          .pipe(map(record => record.get('name')))
      )
      .subscribe({
        next: data => console.log(data),
        complete: () => console.log('completed'),
        error: err => console.log(error)
      })

    Writing with Async Session

    // It is possible to execute write transactions that will benefit from automatic retries
    // on both single instance ('bolt' URI scheme) and Causal Cluster ('neo4j' URI scheme)
    var writeTxResultPromise = session.writeTransaction(async txc => {
      // used transaction will be committed automatically, no need for explicit commit/rollback
    
      var result = await txc.run(
        "MERGE (alice:Person {name : 'Alice'}) RETURN alice.name AS name"
      )
      // at this point it is possible to either return the result or process it and return the
      // result of processing it is also possible to run more statements in the same transaction
      return result.records.map(record => record.get('name'))
    })
    
    // returned Promise can be later consumed like this:
    writeTxResultPromise
      .then(namesArray => {
        console.log(namesArray)
      })
      .catch(error => {
        console.log(error)
      })
      .then(() => session.close())

    Writing with Reactive Session

    rxSession
      .writeTransaction(txc =>
        txc
          .run("MERGE (alice:Person {name: 'James'}) RETURN alice.name AS name")
          .records()
          .pipe(map(record => record.get('name')))
      )
      .subscribe({
        next: data => console.log(data),
        complete: () => console.log('completed'),
        error: error => console.log(error)
      })

    Explicit Transactions

    With Async Session

    // run statement in a transaction
    const txc = session.beginTransaction()
    try {
      const result1 = await txc.run(
        'MERGE (bob:Person {name: $nameParam}) RETURN bob.name AS name',
        {
          nameParam: 'Bob'
        }
      )
      result1.records.forEach(r => console.log(r.get('name')))
      console.log('First query completed')
    
      const result2 = await txc.run(
        'MERGE (adam:Person {name: $nameParam}) RETURN adam.name AS name',
        {
          nameParam: 'Adam'
        }
      )
      result2.records.forEach(r => console.log(r.get('name')))
      console.log('Second query completed')
    
      await txc.commit()
      console.log('committed')
    } catch (error) {
      console.log(error)
      await txc.rollback()
      console.log('rolled back')
    } finally {
      await session.close()
    }

    With Reactive Session

    rxSession
      .beginTransaction()
      .pipe(
        flatMap(txc =>
          concat(
            txc
              .run(
                'MERGE (bob:Person {name: $nameParam}) RETURN bob.name AS name',
                {
                  nameParam: 'Bob'
                }
              )
              .records()
              .pipe(map(r => r.get('name'))),
            of('First query completed'),
            txc
              .run(
                'MERGE (adam:Person {name: $nameParam}) RETURN adam.name AS name',
                {
                  nameParam: 'Adam'
                }
              )
              .records()
              .pipe(map(r => r.get('name'))),
            of('Second query completed'),
            txc.commit(),
            of('committed')
          ).pipe(catchError(err => txc.rollback().pipe(throwError(err))))
        )
      )
      .subscribe({
        next: data => console.log(data),
        complete: () => console.log('completed'),
        error: error => console.log(error)
      })

    Numbers and the Integer type

    The Neo4j type system uses 64-bit signed integer values. The range of values is between -(264- 1) and (263- 1).

    However, JavaScript can only safely represent integers between Number.MIN_SAFE_INTEGER -(253- 1) and Number.MAX_SAFE_INTEGER (253- 1).

    In order to support the full Neo4j type system, the driver will not automatically convert to javascript integers. Any time the driver receives an integer value from Neo4j, it will be represented with an internal integer type by the driver.

    Any javascript number value passed as a parameter will be recognized as Float type.

    Writing integers

    Numbers written directly e.g. session.run("CREATE (n:Node {age: $age})", {age: 22}) will be of type Float in Neo4j.

    To write the age as an integer the neo4j.int method should be used:

    var neo4j = require('neo4j-driver')
    
    session.run('CREATE (n {age: $myIntParam})', { myIntParam: neo4j.int(22) })

    To write an integer value that are not within the range of Number.MIN_SAFE_INTEGER -(253- 1) and Number.MAX_SAFE_INTEGER (253- 1), use a string argument to neo4j.int:

    session.run('CREATE (n {age: $myIntParam})', {
      myIntParam: neo4j.int('9223372036854775807')
    })

    Reading integers

    In Neo4j, the type Integer can be larger what can be represented safely as an integer with JavaScript Number.

    It is only safe to convert to a JavaScript Number if you know that the number will be in the range Number.MIN_SAFE_INTEGER -(253- 1) and Number.MAX_SAFE_INTEGER (253- 1).

    In order to facilitate working with integers the driver include neo4j.isInt, neo4j.integer.inSafeRange, neo4j.integer.toNumber, and neo4j.integer.toString.

    var smallInteger = neo4j.int(123)
    if (neo4j.integer.inSafeRange(smallInteger)) {
      var aNumber = smallInteger.toNumber()
    }

    If you will be handling integers that is not within the JavaScript safe range of integers, you should convert the value to a string:

    var largeInteger = neo4j.int('9223372036854775807')
    if (!neo4j.integer.inSafeRange(largeInteger)) {
      var integerAsString = largeInteger.toString()
    }

    Enabling native numbers

    Starting from 1.6 version of the driver it is possible to configure it to only return native numbers instead of custom Integer objects. The configuration option affects all integers returned by the driver. Enabling this option can result in a loss of precision and incorrect numeric values being returned if the database contains integer numbers outside of the range [Number.MIN_SAFE_INTEGER, Number.MAX_SAFE_INTEGER]. To enable potentially lossy integer values use the driver's configuration object:

    var driver = neo4j.driver(
      'neo4j://localhost',
      neo4j.auth.basic('neo4j', 'password'),
      { disableLosslessIntegers: true }
    )

    Building

    npm install
    npm run build
    

    This produces browser-compatible standalone files under lib/browser and a Node.js module version under lib/. See files under examples/ on how to use.

    Testing

    Tests require latest Boltkit and Firefox to be installed in the system.

    Boltkit is needed to start, stop and configure local test database. Boltkit can be installed with the following command:

    pip3 install --upgrade boltkit
    

    To run tests against "default" Neo4j version:

    ./runTests.sh
    

    To run tests against specified Neo4j version:

    ./runTests.sh '-e 4.2.0'
    

    Simple npm test can also be used if you already have a running version of a compatible Neo4j server.

    For development, you can have the build tool rerun the tests each time you change the source code:

    gulp watch-n-test
    

    If the gulp command line tool is not available, you might need to install this globally:

    npm install -g gulp-cli
    

    Testing on windows

    To run the same test suite, run .\runTest.ps1 instead in powershell with admin right. The admin right is required to start/stop Neo4j properly as a system service. While there is no need to grab admin right if you are running tests against an existing Neo4j server using npm test.

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    Install

    npm i neo4j-driver

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    Version

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