native-buffer-browserify

Node.js Buffer API, for the browser

buffer

The buffer module from node.js, for the browser.

DEPRECATED

DEPRECATED

DEPRECATED

Use buffer instead.

With browserify, simply require('buffer') or use the Buffer global and you will get this module.

The goal is to provide an API that is 100% identical to node's Buffer API. Read the official docs for the full list of properties, instance methods, and class methods that are supported.

  • Manipulate binary data like a boss, in all browsers -- even IE6!
  • Super fast. Backed by Typed Arrays (Uint8Array/ArrayBuffer, not Object)
  • Extremely small bundle size (5.04KB minified + gzipped, 35.5KB with comments)
  • Excellent browser support (IE 6+, Chrome 4+, Firefox 3+, Safari 5.1+, Opera 11+, iOS, etc.)
  • Preserves Node API exactly, with one important difference (see below)
  • .slice() returns instances of the same type (Buffer)
  • Square-bracket buf[4] notation works, even in old browsers like IE6!
  • Does not modify any browser prototypes or put anything on window
  • Comprehensive test suite (including all buffer tests from node.js core)

To use this module directly (without browserify), install it:

npm install buffer

This module was previously called native-buffer-browserify, but please use buffer from now on.

The module's API is identical to node's Buffer API. Read the official docs for the full list of properties, instance methods, and class methods that are supported.

As mentioned above, require('buffer') or use the Buffer global with browserify and this module will automatically be included in your bundle. Almost any npm module will work in the browser, even if it assumes that the node Buffer API will be available.

To depend on this module explicitly (without browserify), require it like this:

var Buffer = require('buffer/').Buffer  // note: the trailing slash is important! 

To require this module explicitly, use require('buffer/') which tells the node.js module lookup algorithm (also used by browserify) to use the npm module named buffer instead of the node.js core module named buffer!

The Buffer constructor returns instances of Uint8Array that are augmented with function properties for all the Buffer API functions. We use Uint8Array so that square bracket notation works as expected -- it returns a single octet. By augmenting the instances, we can avoid modifying the Uint8Array prototype.

The Buffer constructor returns a Uint8Array (with all the Buffer methods added as properties on the instance) for performance reasons, so instanceof Buffer won't work. In node, you can use either Buffer.isBuffer or instanceof Buffer to check if an object is a Buffer. But, in the browser you must use Buffer.isBuffer to detect the special Uint8Array-based Buffers.

If you only support modern browsers (specifically, those with typed array support), then this issue does not affect you.

In node, the slice() method returns a new Buffer that shares underlying memory with the original Buffer. When you modify one buffer, you modify the other. Read more.

This works correctly in browsers with typed array support (* with the exception of Firefox older than version 30). Browsers that lack typed arrays get an alternate buffer implementation based on Object which has no mechanism to point separate Buffers to the same underlying slab of memory.

* Firefox older than version 30 gets the Object implementation -- not the typed arrays one -- because of this bug (now fixed!) that made it impossible to add properties to a typed array.

This module tracks the Buffer API in the latest (unstable) version of node.js. The Buffer API is considered stable in the node stability index, so it is unlikely that there will ever be breaking changes. Nonetheless, when/if the Buffer API changes in node, this module's API will change accordingly.

See perf tests in /perf.

BrowserBuffer is the browser buffer module (this repo). Uint8Array is included as a sanity check (since BrowserBuffer uses Uint8Array under the hood, Uint8Array will always be at least a bit faster). Finally, NodeBuffer is the node.js buffer module, which is included to compare against.

MethodOperationsAccuracySampledFastest
BrowserBuffer#bracket-notation11,457,464 ops/sec±0.86%66
Uint8Array#bracket-notation10,824,332 ops/sec±0.74%65
BrowserBuffer#concat450,532 ops/sec±0.76%68
Uint8Array#concat1,368,911 ops/sec±1.50%62
BrowserBuffer#copy(16000)903,001 ops/sec±0.96%67
Uint8Array#copy(16000)1,422,441 ops/sec±1.04%66
BrowserBuffer#copy(16)11,431,358 ops/sec±0.46%69
Uint8Array#copy(16)13,944,163 ops/sec±1.12%68
BrowserBuffer#new(16000)106,329 ops/sec±6.70%44
Uint8Array#new(16000)131,001 ops/sec±2.85%31
BrowserBuffer#new(16)1,554,491 ops/sec±1.60%65
Uint8Array#new(16)6,623,930 ops/sec±1.66%65
BrowserBuffer#readDoubleBE112,830 ops/sec±0.51%69
DataView#getFloat6493,500 ops/sec±0.57%68
BrowserBuffer#readFloatBE146,678 ops/sec±0.95%68
DataView#getFloat3299,311 ops/sec±0.41%67
BrowserBuffer#readUInt32LE843,214 ops/sec±0.70%69
DataView#getUint32103,024 ops/sec±0.64%67
BrowserBuffer#slice1,013,941 ops/sec±0.75%67
Uint8Array#subarray1,903,928 ops/sec±0.53%67
BrowserBuffer#writeFloatBE61,387 ops/sec±0.90%67
DataView#setFloat32141,249 ops/sec±0.40%66
MethodOperationsAccuracySampledFastest
BrowserBuffer#bracket-notation20,800,421 ops/sec±1.84%60
Uint8Array#bracket-notation20,826,235 ops/sec±2.02%61
BrowserBuffer#concat153,076 ops/sec±2.32%61
Uint8Array#concat1,255,674 ops/sec±8.65%52
BrowserBuffer#copy(16000)1,105,312 ops/sec±1.16%63
Uint8Array#copy(16000)1,615,911 ops/sec±0.55%66
BrowserBuffer#copy(16)16,357,599 ops/sec±0.73%68
Uint8Array#copy(16)31,436,281 ops/sec±1.05%68
BrowserBuffer#new(16000)52,995 ops/sec±6.01%35
Uint8Array#new(16000)87,686 ops/sec±5.68%45
BrowserBuffer#new(16)252,031 ops/sec±1.61%66
Uint8Array#new(16)8,477,026 ops/sec±0.49%68
BrowserBuffer#readDoubleBE99,871 ops/sec±0.41%69
DataView#getFloat64285,663 ops/sec±0.70%68
BrowserBuffer#readFloatBE115,540 ops/sec±0.42%69
DataView#getFloat32288,722 ops/sec±0.82%68
BrowserBuffer#readUInt32LE633,926 ops/sec±1.08%67
DataView#getUint32294,808 ops/sec±0.79%64
BrowserBuffer#slice349,425 ops/sec±0.46%69
Uint8Array#subarray5,965,819 ops/sec±0.60%65
BrowserBuffer#writeFloatBE59,980 ops/sec±0.41%67
DataView#setFloat32317,634 ops/sec±0.63%68
MethodOperationsAccuracySampledFastest
BrowserBuffer#bracket-notation10,279,729 ops/sec±2.25%56
Uint8Array#bracket-notation10,030,767 ops/sec±2.23%59
BrowserBuffer#concat144,138 ops/sec±1.38%65
Uint8Array#concat4,950,764 ops/sec±1.70%63
BrowserBuffer#copy(16000)1,058,548 ops/sec±1.51%64
Uint8Array#copy(16000)1,409,666 ops/sec±1.17%65
BrowserBuffer#copy(16)6,282,529 ops/sec±1.88%58
Uint8Array#copy(16)11,907,128 ops/sec±2.87%58
BrowserBuffer#new(16000)101,663 ops/sec±3.89%57
Uint8Array#new(16000)22,050,818 ops/sec±6.51%46
BrowserBuffer#new(16)176,072 ops/sec±2.13%64
Uint8Array#new(16)24,385,731 ops/sec±5.01%51
BrowserBuffer#readDoubleBE41,341 ops/sec±1.06%67
DataView#getFloat64322,280 ops/sec±0.84%68
BrowserBuffer#readFloatBE46,141 ops/sec±1.06%65
DataView#getFloat32337,025 ops/sec±0.43%69
BrowserBuffer#readUInt32LE151,551 ops/sec±1.02%66
DataView#getUint32308,278 ops/sec±0.94%67
BrowserBuffer#slice197,365 ops/sec±0.95%66
Uint8Array#subarray9,558,024 ops/sec±3.08%58
BrowserBuffer#writeFloatBE17,518 ops/sec±1.03%63
DataView#setFloat32319,751 ops/sec±0.48%68
MethodOperationsAccuracySampledFastest
BrowserBuffer#bracket-notation10,489,828 ops/sec±3.25%90
Uint8Array#bracket-notation10,534,884 ops/sec±0.81%92
NodeBuffer#bracket-notation10,389,910 ops/sec±0.97%87
BrowserBuffer#concat487,830 ops/sec±2.58%88
Uint8Array#concat1,814,327 ops/sec±1.28%88
NodeBuffer#concat1,636,523 ops/sec±1.88%73
BrowserBuffer#copy(16000)1,073,665 ops/sec±0.77%90
Uint8Array#copy(16000)1,348,517 ops/sec±0.84%89
NodeBuffer#copy(16000)1,289,533 ops/sec±0.82%93
BrowserBuffer#copy(16)12,782,706 ops/sec±0.74%85
Uint8Array#copy(16)14,180,427 ops/sec±0.93%92
NodeBuffer#copy(16)11,083,134 ops/sec±1.06%89
BrowserBuffer#new(16000)141,678 ops/sec±3.30%67
Uint8Array#new(16000)161,491 ops/sec±2.96%60
NodeBuffer#new(16000)292,699 ops/sec±3.20%55
BrowserBuffer#new(16)1,655,466 ops/sec±2.41%82
Uint8Array#new(16)14,399,926 ops/sec±0.91%94
NodeBuffer#new(16)3,894,696 ops/sec±0.88%92
BrowserBuffer#readDoubleBE109,582 ops/sec±0.75%93
DataView#getFloat6491,235 ops/sec±0.81%90
NodeBuffer#readDoubleBE88,593 ops/sec±0.96%81
BrowserBuffer#readFloatBE139,854 ops/sec±1.03%85
DataView#getFloat3298,744 ops/sec±0.80%89
NodeBuffer#readFloatBE92,769 ops/sec±0.94%93
BrowserBuffer#readUInt32LE710,861 ops/sec±0.82%92
DataView#getUint32117,893 ops/sec±0.84%91
NodeBuffer#readUInt32LE851,412 ops/sec±0.72%93
BrowserBuffer#slice1,673,877 ops/sec±0.73%94
Uint8Array#subarray6,919,243 ops/sec±0.67%90
NodeBuffer#slice4,617,604 ops/sec±0.79%93
BrowserBuffer#writeFloatBE66,011 ops/sec±0.75%93
DataView#setFloat32127,760 ops/sec±0.72%93
NodeBuffer#writeFloatBE103,352 ops/sec±0.83%93
MethodOperationsAccuracySampledFastest
BrowserBuffer#bracket-notation10,990,488 ops/sec±1.11%91
Uint8Array#bracket-notation11,268,757 ops/sec±0.65%97
NodeBuffer#bracket-notation11,353,260 ops/sec±0.83%94
BrowserBuffer#concat378,954 ops/sec±0.74%94
Uint8Array#concat1,358,288 ops/sec±0.97%87
NodeBuffer#concat1,934,050 ops/sec±1.11%78
BrowserBuffer#copy(16000)894,538 ops/sec±0.56%84
Uint8Array#copy(16000)1,442,656 ops/sec±0.71%96
NodeBuffer#copy(16000)1,457,898 ops/sec±0.53%92
BrowserBuffer#copy(16)12,870,457 ops/sec±0.67%95
Uint8Array#copy(16)16,643,989 ops/sec±0.61%93
NodeBuffer#copy(16)14,885,848 ops/sec±0.74%94
BrowserBuffer#new(16000)109,264 ops/sec±4.21%63
Uint8Array#new(16000)138,916 ops/sec±1.87%61
NodeBuffer#new(16000)281,449 ops/sec±3.58%51
BrowserBuffer#new(16)1,362,935 ops/sec±0.56%99
Uint8Array#new(16)6,193,090 ops/sec±0.64%95
NodeBuffer#new(16)4,745,425 ops/sec±1.56%90
BrowserBuffer#readDoubleBE118,127 ops/sec±0.59%93
DataView#getFloat64107,332 ops/sec±0.65%91
NodeBuffer#readDoubleBE116,274 ops/sec±0.94%95
BrowserBuffer#readFloatBE150,326 ops/sec±0.58%95
DataView#getFloat32110,541 ops/sec±0.57%98
NodeBuffer#readFloatBE121,599 ops/sec±0.60%87
BrowserBuffer#readUInt32LE814,147 ops/sec±0.62%93
DataView#getUint32137,592 ops/sec±0.64%90
NodeBuffer#readUInt32LE931,650 ops/sec±0.71%96
BrowserBuffer#slice878,590 ops/sec±0.68%93
Uint8Array#subarray2,843,308 ops/sec±1.02%90
NodeBuffer#slice4,998,316 ops/sec±0.68%90
BrowserBuffer#writeFloatBE65,927 ops/sec±0.74%93
DataView#setFloat32139,823 ops/sec±0.97%89
NodeBuffer#writeFloatBE135,763 ops/sec±0.65%96

This module uses JavaScript Standard Style.

This was originally forked from buffer-browserify.

MIT. Copyright (C) Feross Aboukhadijeh, and other contributors. Originally forked from an MIT-licensed module by Romain Beauxis.