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    An agnostic Database migrations utility. Mygra provides a simple CLI to migrate up and down allowing you to define any database/connection to be passed to each up and down method.

    Getting Started

    For best use install mygra globally.

    npm install mygra -g


    Navigate to your project and then initialize. You should then see a folder called mygra in the root of your project.

    NOTE you can call this any time to reset or reinit it will not overwrite your config.js unless you call mygra init --force

    mygra init

    Define Config

    Edit the mygra/config.js file and define the exported connection method to be passed to your up and down migration method.

    The default example is Sqlite3 connection.

    const dbPath = ':memory'; // or /your/db/path.
    const connection = new Database(dbPath, (err) => {
      if (err) console.error(err);
    module.exports = {

    Create a Migration

    Run the following to generate a migration the resulting output will be located at mygra/migrations/1628915422808_user_table

    mygra create 'user table'

    Edit Migration

    Open the newly created migration and edit your statements as required. In this case our config.js is exporting a Sqlite3 connection with which we use

    Where conn is our connection that we exported in our config.js. The connection is passed to each migration up/down handlers.

    You may return a promise of boolean or use node style callback as shown here.

    const name = 'user_table';
    const description = '';
    async function up(conn, cb) {
      const query = `CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS user (
      username TEXT NOT NULL UNIQUE,
      password TEXT NOT NULL
 , (err) => {
        if (err) return cb(err);
        cb(null, true);
    async function down(conn, cb) {
      const query = `DROP TABLE IF EXISTS user`;
      return, (err) => {
        if (err) return cb(err);
        cb(null, true);
    module.exports = {

    Run the Migration

    Migrations can be run as up or down. If you wish to see a dry run simply add --preview to your command.

    mygra up

    Migrate down two migrations.

    mygra down 2

    Migrate up at user_table

    mygra up user_table

    Previewing a migration will show you all the steps it is about to take!

    mygra user_table --preview

    After running a migration you should see something like the following:

    ✔ Migration successful
      direction: down
      migrations: 1628915422808_user_table
      count: 1

    Named Migrations

    In the above example we called mygra up user_table. When using a named migration it is important to not that all migrations from the last or previous migration will be run also. If you wish to only step one at a time or a specified number of steps simply call up or down in the format of mygra up 1 or mygra down 3 where the numeric value is the number of steps you wish to traverse.

    Consider the following where you've already run the user_table migration:


    If we now run the named mygration

    mygra up cart_table

    You will notice that not only does cart_table run but also blog_table and acl_table. This is because migrations are run in order of creation, hence why an epoch or timestamp is prepended to each name.

    Revert Migrations

    To undo the last migration and all steps that were run, could be one or multiple, just call the revert method. It's important to note that only one history step is preserved for simplicity. Once a new migration is run the previous revert steps will be overwritten.

    mygra revert

    Reset Migrations

    You can also reset all migrations back to the begining or the first migration. Running reset will migrate down to the first migration step. Obviously this can be invasive and should be used with caution.

    mygra reset

    Out of Scope Error

    You may receive an error complaining about the requested migration being out of scope. There are a few reasons this can happen.

    • There are no more migrations to run either you're at the most recent or you've run down to the first created.
    • You've requested a migration that's already be run. In our above example you ran the cart_table migration but then next call the acl_table migration but it's already been run.
    • The named migration you've specified does not exist.

    Renamed Project

    We base your config filename off of the package.json project name. If you rename your project you will end up with a default config.

    If you move your project the path to your mygra migrations and templates likely in the root of your project will have a different. We can easily correct either of those.

    If you've renamed your project run the following command and open the mygra config folder which is stored in your home directory:

    mygra config --open

    Find the old config file using the previous project name and open it in a text editor of your choice, then copy the JSON you see.

    Either manually create a new config file with the proper project name or open the blank one that might have been created.

    Next just paste in the config from the old config file and you should be good as new.

    Moved Project

    When you move a project the config file will still be found as it is named after your project name. However while it will find the correct config you'll find that migrations won't run as the migrations folder path stored in the config won't be correct.

    To resolve this update the directory path using the command line.

    mygra set directory '/path/to/project/mygra'

    No Remove Migration

    Why is there no remove migration?

    This is by design as it's better to either migrate below the migration you wish to remove or to create a migration that overwrites or fixes the issue you are attempting to resolve. In short deleting migrations sort of defeats the purpose.

    That said if you do need to remove a migration please ensure the following keys in your config do not reference the migration.

    mygra config

    You should then see something like the following. You will want to manually edit both the active and reverts keys so that the deleted migration is not referenced. When editing the active migration step you'll need to enter the step which you wish to be the newly active step. For the reverts key just remove reference to the deleted file from the array.

      initialized: true,
      directory: '/your/path/to/project_name/mygra',
      active: [ '1628915422808_user_table', 'up' ],
      reverts: [ [ '1628915422808_user_table' ], 'up' ],
      extension: '.js'

    Do I need to Know the Timestamp Prefix

    When working with named migrations you do NOT need to specify the timestamp prefix. Mygra will search the migrations and find the matching name.

    It is important that migration names be unique even without the prefixed timestamp for this reason. Creating a migration even manually using a previous migration name will throw an error to ensure this is not done.

    Can I Use Typescript Migrations

    We're huge fans of Typescript, however in this case we decided to leave transpiling out of the equation. If you notice in the Mygra config there is an "extension" option. This is a placeholder in the event we decide to support Typescript in the future for migrations.

    If interested in tinkering with this using ts-node for example feel free to do so and make a PR!!!

    Ran Migration but Nothing Happens

    If your database connection is failing you may see this behavior. Admittedly we need to spend some more time handling errors of this type and perhaps require a database connectivity check method be exported from mygra/config.js.

    Simply run node mygra/config.js directly using Node where some sort of connectivity check is defined in your config.

    Once successfully connecting Mygra should catch errors as you'd expect.

    More Help

    From your terminal run the help command which will show all options as well as a few command line examples.

    mygra help

    API Docs







    npm i mygra

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