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mongoose-aliasfield

Field alias support for mongoose

mongoose-aliasfield

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This plugin let you add a alias key to your schema and create getter and setter for your field using that alternate name.

Plugin is intended to write short-keys for you documents on the DB but let you use long, descriptive name when reading fetched documents. This will result in less storage needed to memorize your data having no need to remember short key meanings.

To install it in your node.js project

npm install mongoose-aliasfield

or add it to your package.json dependencies

Take this schema as example:

var mongoose = require('mongoose');
var fieldsAliasPlugin = require('mongoose-aliasfield');
 
/*Describe a Schema*/
var PersonSchema = new Schema({
    't' : {'type': Date, 'index': true, 'alias': 'timestamp'},
    'n' : {'type' : String, 'alias': 'name'},
    's' : {'type' : String, 'alias': 'surname'},
    'p' : {
        'a' : {'type' : String, 'alias': 'profile.address'},
        'pn': {'type' : String, 'alias': 'profile.phone_number'}
    }
});
 
/*Add field alias plugin*/
PersonSchema.plugin(fieldsAliasPlugin);
 
/*Person will be the model*/

Now that your schema is created you can use alias field name to describe an instance of your model

var person = new Person({
    'timestamp' : new Date(),
    'name' : 'Jhon',
    'surname' : 'Doe',
    'profile.address': 'Rue de Morgane',
    'profile.phone_number': '051-123456 78',
});
 
person.save();
 

Even getters will run out of the box

var full_name = person.name+' '+person.surname;

full_name will be Jhon Doe

The only limitation in setters and getters is that you can't use partial path for nested properties

/*THIS WON'T ACT AS EXPECTED!*/
var user_profile = person.profile;

You'll be able to obtain even an aliased description of object as i the example below

Person.findOne({'n': 'Jhon'}, function(err,person){
    console.log( person.toAliasedFieldsObject() );
});
 

Your models gain a method called toAliasedFieldsObject which return a long-descriptive version of your docs:

{
    'name' : 'Jhon',
    'surname': 'Doe',
    'profile': {
        'address'  : 'Rue de Morgane',
        'phone_number' : '051-123456 78'
    }
}

The same is applyable to an array of results

Person.find({}, function(err,people){
    people = people.map(function(p){
        return p.toAliasedFieldsObject();
    });
});
 

Sometimes you want to do some operation but you have just the aliased representation of an instance. Consider the following example:

var PersonSchema = new Schema({
    n : {type : String, required : true, alias: 'name'},
    a : {
        s: {type: String, alias: 'address.street' },
        d: {type: Date, alias: 'address.date'}
    },
    likes: {type: Number}
    
});
PersonSchema.plugin(fieldsAliasPlugin);
this.Person = mongoose.model('person', PersonSchema);

let's say you want to do an update

var data = {
    name: 'John',
    address: {
        street: 'Avenue ...',
        date: new Date()
    },
    likes: 5
}
Person.update({name: 'John'}, data, function(){
    ...
});

This won't work because mongoose is not able to understand the aliases.
Your model has a static method which help you to move from an aliased representation of your data to the one you have on the database.
You can write

Person.update({name: 'John'}, Person.toOriginalFieldsObject(data), function(){
    ...
});

Edge case: you cannot transform mixed representation. All the properties which have an alias must be represented with the alias.
In our example this won't work:

var data = {
    name: 'John',
    address: {
        s: 'Avenue ...',
        d: new Date()
    },
    likes: 5
}
Person.toOriginalFieldsObject(data); // This will result in an invalid object 

here we are mixing address (aliased) and s (not aliased), which is not permitted. toOriginalFieldsObject can be expensive, so use it only if you're forced to

Fabrizio 'ramiel' Ruggeri