Nested Parenthetical Madness

    mongodb-promise-queue

    1.0.1 • Public • Published

    mongodb-promise-queue

    NPM

    A really light-weight way to create queues with a nice API and promise if you're already using MongoDB.

    Based of the code of mongodb-queue, a great project with nodejs callback, and not promise.

    Synopsis

    Create a connection to your MongoDB database, and use it to create a queue object:

    let mongodb = require('mongodb')
    let mongoDbQueue = require('mongodb-promise-queue')
     
    let con = 'mongodb://localhost:27017/test'
     
    mongodb.MongoClient.connect(con, function(err, db) {
        let queue = mongoDbQueue(db, 'my-queue')
    })

    Add a message to a queue:

    queue.add('Hello, World!')
    .then(id => {
        // Message with payload 'Hello, World!' added.
        // 'id' is returned, useful for logging.
    })

    Get a message from the queue:

    queue.get()
    .then(message => {
        console.log('message.id     =' + message.id)
        console.log('message.ack    =' + message.ack)
        console.log('message.payload=' + message.payload) // 'Hello, World!'
        console.log('message.tries  =' + message.tries)
    })

    Ping a message to keep it's visibility open for long-running tasks

    queue.ping(msg.ack)
    .then(id => {
        // Visibility window now increased for this message id.
        // 'id' is returned, useful for logging.
    })

    Ack a message (and remove it from the queue):

    queue.ack(msg.ack)
    .then(id => {
        // This msg removed from queue for this ack.
        // The 'id' of the message is returned, useful for logging.
    })

    By default, all old messages - even processed ones - are left in MongoDB. This is so that you can go and analyse them if you want. However, you can call the following function to remove processed messages:

    queue.clean()
    .then(() => {
        // All processed (ie. acked) messages have been deleted
    })

    And if you haven't already, you should call this to make sure indexes have been added in MongoDB. Of course, if you've called this once (in some kind one-off script) you don't need to call it in your program. Of course, check the changelock to see if you need to update them with new releases:

    queue.createIndexes()
    .then(indexName => {
        // The indexes needed have been added to MongoDB.
    })

    Creating a Queue

    To create a queue, call the exported function with the MongoClient, the name and a set of opts. The MongoDB collection used is the same name as the name passed in:

    let mongoDbQueue = require('mongodb-queue')
    
    // an instance of a queue
    let queue1 = mongoDbQueue(db, 'a-queue')
    // another queue which uses the same collection as above
    let queue2 = mongoDbQueue(db, 'a-queue')
    

    Using queue1 and queue2 here won't interfere with each other and will play along nicely, but that's not a good idea code-wise - just use the same object. This example is for illustrative purposes only.

    Note: Don't use the same queue name twice with different options, otherwise behaviour is undefined and again it's not something you should do.

    To pass in options for the queue:

    let resizeQueue = mongoDbQueue(db, 'resize-queue', { visibility : 30, delay : 15 })
    

    This example shows a queue with a message visibility of 30s and a delay to each message of 15s.

    Options

    name

    This is the name of the MongoDB Collection you wish to use to store the messages. Each queue you create will be it's own collection.

    e.g.

    let resizeImageQueue = mongoDbQueue(db, 'resize-image-queue')
    let notifyOwnerQueue = mongoDbQueue(db, 'notify-owner-queue')
    

    This will create two collections in MongoDB called resize-image-queue and notify-owner-queue.

    visibility - Message Visibility Window

    Default: 30

    By default, if you don't ack a message within the first 30s after receiving it, it is placed back in the queue so it can be fetched again. This is called the visibility window.

    You may set this visibility window on a per queue basis. For example, to set the visibility to 15 seconds:

    let queue = mongoDbQueue(db, 'queue', { visibility : 15 })
    

    All messages in this queue now have a visibility window of 15s, instead of the default 30s.

    delay - Delay Messages on Queue

    Default: 0

    When a message is added to a queue, it is immediately available for retrieval. However, there are times when you might like to delay messages coming off a queue. ie. if you set delay to be 10, then every message will only be available for retrieval 10s after being added.

    To delay all messages by 10 seconds, try this:

    let queue = mongoDbQueue(db, 'queue', { delay : 10 })
    

    This is now the default for every message added to the queue.

    deadQueue - Dead Message Queue

    Default: none

    Messages that have been retried over maxRetries will be pushed to this queue so you can automatically see problem messages.

    Pass in a queue (that you created) onto which these messages will be pushed:

    let deadQueue = mongoDbQueue(db, 'dead-queue')
    let queue = mongoDbQueue(db, 'queue', { deadQueue : deadQueue })

    If you pop a message off the queue over maxRetries times and have still not acked it, it will be pushed onto the deadQueue for you. This happens when you .get() (not when you miss acking a message in it's visibility window). By doing it when you call .get(), the unprocessed message will be received, pushed to the deadQueue, acked off the normal queue and .get() will check for new messages prior to returning you one (or none).

    maxRetries - Maximum Retries per Message

    Default: 5

    This option only comes into effect if you pass in a deadQueue as shown above. What this means is that if an item is popped off the queue maxRetries times (e.g. 5) and not acked, it will be moved to this deadQueue the next time it is tried to pop off. You can poll your deadQueue for dead messages much like you can poll your regular queues.

    The payload of the messages in the dead queue are the entire messages returned when .get()ing them from the original queue.

    e.g.

    Given this message:

    msg = {
      id: '533b1eb64ee78a57664cc76c',
      ack: 'c8a3cc585cbaaacf549d746d7db72f69',
      payload: 'Hello, World!',
      tries: 1
    }
    

    If it is not acked within the maxRetries times, then when you receive this same message from the deadQueue, it may look like this:

    msg = {
      id: '533b1ecf3ca3a76b667671ef',
      ack: '73872b204e3f7be84050a1ce82c5c9c0',
      payload: {
        id: '533b1eb64ee78a57664cc76c',
        ack: 'c8a3cc585cbaaacf549d746d7db72f69',
        payload: 'Hello, World!',
        tries: 5
      },
      tries: 1
    }
    

    Notice that the payload from the deadQueue is exactly the same as the original message when it was on the original queue (except with the number of tries set to 5).

    Operations

    .add()

    You can add a string to the queue:

    queue.add('Hello, World!')
    .then(id => {
        // Message with payload 'Hello, World!' added.
        // 'id' is returned, useful for logging.
    })

    Or add an object of your choosing:

    queue.add({ err: 'E_BORKED', msg: 'Broken' })
    .then(id => {
        // Message with payload { err: 'E_BORKED', msg: 'Broken' } added.
        // 'id' is returned, useful for logging.
    })

    Or add multiple messages:

    queue.add(['msg1', 'msg2', 'msg3'])
    .then(ids => {
        // Messages with payloads 'msg1', 'msg2' & 'msg3' added.
        // All 'id's are returned as an array, useful for logging.
    })

    You can delay individual messages from being visible by passing the delay option:

    queue.add('Later', { delay: 120 })
    .then(id => {
        // Message with payload 'Later' added.
        // 'id' is returned, useful for logging.
        // This message won't be available for getting for 2 mins.
    })

    .get()

    Retrieve a message from the queue:

    queue.get()
    .then(message => {
        // You can now process the message
        // IMPORTANT: The callback will not wait for an message if the queue is empty.  The message will be undefined if the queue is empty.
    })

    You can choose the visibility of an individual retrieved message by passing the visibility option:

    queue.get({ visibility: 10 })
    .then(message => {
        // You can now process the message for 10s before it goes back into the queue if not ack'd instead of the duration that is set on the queue in general
    })

    Message will have the following structure:

    {
      id: '533b1eb64ee78a57664cc76c', // ID of the message
      ack: 'c8a3cc585cbaaacf549d746d7db72f69', // ID for ack and ping operations
      payload: 'Hello, World!', // Payload passed when the message was addded
      tries: 1 // Number of times this message has been retrieved from queue without being ack'd
    }

    .ack()

    After you have received an item from a queue and processed it, you can delete it by calling .ack() with the unique ackId returned:

    queue.get()
    .then(message => {
        return queue.ack(message.ack).then(id => {
            // this message has now been removed from the queue
        })
    })

    .ping()

    After you have received an item from a queue and you are taking a while to process it, you can .ping() the message to tell the queue that you are still alive and continuing to process the message:

    queue.get()
    .then(message => {
        return queue.ping(message.ack).then(id => {
            // this message has had it's visibility window extended
        })
    })

    You can also choose the visibility time that gets added by the ping operation by passing the visibility option:

    queue.get()
    .then(message => {
        return queue.ping(msg.ack, { visibility: 10 }).then(id => {
            // this message has had it's visibility window extended by 10s instead of the visibilty set on the queue in general
        })
    })

    .total()

    Returns the total number of messages that has ever been in the queue, including all current messages:

    queue.total()
    .then(count => {
        console.log('This queue has seen %d messages', count)
    })

    .size()

    Returns the total number of messages that are waiting in the queue.

    queue.size()
    .then(count => {
        console.log('This queue has %d current messages', count)
    })

    .inFlight()

    Returns the total number of messages that are currently in flight. ie. that have been received but not yet acked:

    queue.inFlight()
    .then(count => {
        console.log('A total of %d messages are currently being processed', count)
    })

    .done()

    Returns the total number of messages that have been processed correctly in the queue:

    queue.done()
    .then(count => {
        console.log('This queue has processed %d messages', count)
    })

    .clean()

    Deletes all processed mesages from the queue. Of course, you can leave these hanging around if you wish, but delete them if you no longer need them. Perhaps do this using setInterval for a regular cleaning:

    queue.clean()
    .then(() => {
        console.log('The processed messages have been deleted from the queue')
    })

    Notes about Numbers

    If you add up .size() + .inFlight() + .done() then you should get .total() but this will only be approximate since these are different operations hitting the database at slightly different times. Hence, a message or two might be counted twice or not at all depending on message turnover at any one time. You should not rely on these numbers for anything but are included as approximations at any point in time.

    Use of MongoDB

    Whilst using MongoDB recently and having a need for lightweight queues, I realised that the atomic operations that MongoDB provides are ideal for this kind of job.

    Since everything it atomic, it is impossible to lose messages in or around your application. I guess MongoDB could lose them but it's a safer bet it won't compared to your own application.

    As an example of the atomic nature being used, messages stay in the same collection and are never moved around or deleted, just a couple of fields are set, incremented or deleted. We always use MongoDB's excellent collection.findAndModify() so that each message is updated atomically inside MongoDB and we never have to fetch something, change it and store it back.

    Note on MongoDB Version

    When using MongoDB v2.6 and the v1.3.23 version of the mongodb driver from npm, I was getting a weird error similar to "key $exists must not start with '$'". Yes, very strange. Anyway, the fix is to install a later version of the driver. I have tried this with v1.4.9 and it seems ok.

    Releases

    See the previous release of the original project: https://github.com/chilts/mongodb-queue

    1.0.0 (2018-06-16)

    • [NEW] Migration to promise.

    Author

    Original project written by Andrew Chilton - Twitter.

    Current project migrated by Frédéric Mascaro

    License

    MIT - https://github.com/omninnov/mongodb-promise-queue/blob/master/LICENSE

    (Ends)

    Install

    npm i mongodb-promise-queue

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    13

    Version

    1.0.1

    License

    MIT

    Unpacked Size

    71.6 kB

    Total Files

    16

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • wooandoo