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mongo-up

5.1.8 • Public • Published

mongo-up

Build Status

A database migration tool for MongoDB in Node. This project was forked from migrate-mongo, and enhanced with the capability to have "run always" scripts before or after the deployment. This is convenient when applying indexes or other structures that should always be run idempotently.

Installation

$ npm install -g mongo-up

CLI Usage

$ mongo-up
Usage: mongo-up [options] [command]


  Commands:

  init                          initialize a new migration project
    create [description]        create a new database migration with the provided description
    create-before [description] create a new database script that always runs before migrations with the provided description
    create-after [description]  create a new database script that always runs after migrations with the provided description
    up [options]                run all unapplied database migrations
    down [options]              undo the last applied database migration
    status [options]            print the changelog of the database

  Options:

    -h, --help     output usage information
    -V, --version  output the version number

Quickstart

Initialize a new project

Make sure you have Node.js 7.6.0 (or higher) installed.

Create a directory where you want to store your migrations for your mongo database (eg. 'albums' here) and cd into it

$ mkdir albums-migrations
cd albums-migrations

Initialize a new mongo-up project

$ mongo-up init
Initialization successful. Please edit the generated mongo-up-config.js file

The above command did two things:

  1. create a sample 'mongo-up-config.js' file and
  2. create a 'migrations' directory

Edit the mongo-up-config.js file. An object or Promise can be returned. A Promise would be returned if you need to call an external API like the AWS SDK to get configuration information.

Static file example

Make sure you change the mongodb url:

// In this file you can configure mongo-up
 
module.exports = {
  mongodb: {
    // TODO Change (or review) the url to your MongoDB:
    url: "mongodb://localhost:27017",
 
    // TODO Change this to your database name:
    databaseName: "YOURDATABASENAME",
 
    options: {
      useNewUrlParser: true // removes a deprecation warning when connecting
      //   connectTimeoutMS: 3600000, // increase connection timeout to 1 hour
      //   socketTimeoutMS: 3600000, // increase socket timeout to 1 hour
    }
  },
 
  // The migrations dir, can be an relative or absolute path. Only edit this when really necessary.
  migrationsDir: "migrations",
 
  // The before dir, can be an relative or absolute path. Only edit this when really necessary.
  beforeDir: "before",
 
  // The before dir, can be an relative or absolute path. Only edit this when really necessary.
  afterDir: "after",
 
  // The mongodb collection where the applied changes are stored. Only edit this when really necessary.
  changelogCollectionName: "changelog"
};

Promise example

// In this file you can configure migrate-mongo
const AWS = require('aws-sdk')
 
const ssm = new AWS.SSM()
const params = {
  Name: process.env.MONGO_CONNECTION_KEY, 
  WithDecryption: true
}
 
module.exports = ssm.getParameter(params).promise().then(data => {
  const url = data.Parameter.Value
  const dbName = url.split("?")[0].split("/").pop()
 
  const mongoSettings = {
    // TODO Change (or review) the url to your MongoDB:
    url: data.Parameter.Value,
  
    // TODO Change this to your database name:
    databaseName: dbName,
  
    options: {
      useNewUrlParser: true // removes a deprecation warning when connecting
      //   connectTimeoutMS: 3600000, // increase connection timeout to 1 hour
      //   socketTimeoutMS: 3600000, // increase socket timeout to 1 hour
    }
  }
 
  return {
    mongodb: mongoSettings,
 
    // The before dir, can be an relative or absolute path. Only edit this when really necessary.
    beforeDir: "before",
  
    // The migrations dir, can be an relative or absolute path. Only edit this when really necessary.
    migrationsDir: "migrations",
 
    // The after dir, can be an relative or absolute path. Only edit this when really necessary.
    afterDir: "after",
  
    // The mongodb collection where the applied changes are stored. Only edit this when really necessary.
    changelogCollectionName: "changelog"
  }
})

Creating a new migration script

To create a new database migration script, just run the mongo-up create [description] command.

For example:

$ mongo-up create blacklist_the_beatles
Created: migrations/20160608155948-blacklist_the_beatles.js

A new migration file is created in the 'migrations' directory:

module.exports = {
  up(db) {
    // TODO write your migration here. Return a Promise (and/or use async & await).
    // See https://github.com/unbill/mongo-up/#creating-a-new-migration-script
    // Example:
    // return db.collection('albums').updateOne({artist: 'The Beatles'}, {$set: {blacklisted: true}});
  },
 
  down(db) {
    // TODO write the statements to rollback your migration (if possible)
    // Example:
    // return db.collection('albums').updateOne({artist: 'The Beatles'}, {$set: {blacklisted: false}});
  }
};

Edit this content so it actually performs changes to your database. Don't forget to write the down part as well. The db object contains the official MongoDB db object

There are 3 options to implement the up and down functions of your migration:

  1. Return a Promise
  2. Use async-await
  3. Call a callback (deprecated)

Always make sure the implementation matches the function signature:

  • function up(db) { /* */ } should return Promise
  • function async up(db) { /* */ } should contain await keyword(s) and return Promise
  • function up(db, next) { /* */ } should callback next

Example 1: Return a Promise

module.exports = {
  up(db) {
    return db.collection('albums').updateOne({artist: 'The Beatles'}, {$set: {blacklisted: true}});
  },
 
  down(db) {
    return db.collection('albums').updateOne({artist: 'The Beatles'}, {$set: {blacklisted: false}});
  }
};

Example 2: Use async & await

Async & await is especially useful if you want to perform multiple operations against your MongoDB in one migration.

module.exports = {
  async up(db) {
    await db.collection('albums').updateOne({artist: 'The Beatles'}, {$set: {blacklisted: true}});
    await db.collection('albums').updateOne({artist: 'The Doors'}, {$set: {stars: 5}});
  },
 
  async down(db) {
    await db.collection('albums').updateOne({artist: 'The Doors'}, {$set: {stars: 0}});
    await db.collection('albums').updateOne({artist: 'The Beatles'}, {$set: {blacklisted: false}});
  },
};

Example 3: Call a callback (deprecated)

Callbacks are supported for backwards compatibility. New migration scripts should be written using Promises and/or async & await. It's easier to read and write.

module.exports = {
  up(db, callback) {
    return db.collection('albums').updateOne({artist: 'The Beatles'}, {$set: {blacklisted: true}}, callback);
  },
 
  down(db, callback) {
    return db.collection('albums').updateOne({artist: 'The Beatles'}, {$set: {blacklisted: false}}, callback);
  }
};

Creating a new 'before' or 'after' script

To create a new database before or after script, just run mongo-up create-before [description] or mongo-up create-after [description]. As the names imply, these scripts get run each time either before or after the database migration is run. These scripts are good for tasks like ensuring indexes on each migration run.

For example:

$ mongo-up create-after blacklist_the_beatles_idx
Created: after/20160608155948-blacklist_the_beatles_idx.js

A new migration file is created in the 'before' or 'after' directory. Always scripts only contain an 'up' as they are not a migration.

module.exports = {
  up(db) {
    // TODO write your migration here. Return a Promise (and/or use async & await).
    // See https://github.com/unbill/mongo-up/#creating-a-new-migration-script
    // Example:
    // return db.collection('albums').updateOne({artist: 'The Beatles'}, {$set: {blacklisted: true}});
  }
};

Checking the status of the migrations

At any time, you can check which migrations are applied (or not)

$ mongo-up status
┌─────────────────────────────────────────┬────────────┐
│ Filename                                │ Applied At │
├─────────────────────────────────────────┼────────────┤
│ 20160608155948-blacklist_the_beatles.js │ PENDING    │
└─────────────────────────────────────────┴────────────┘
 

Migrate up

This command will apply all pending migrations

$ mongo-up up
MIGRATED UP: 20160608155948-blacklist_the_beatles.js

If an an error occurred, it will stop and won't continue with the rest of the pending migrations

If we check the status again, we can see the last migration was successfully applied:

$ mongo-up status
┌─────────────────────────────────────────┬──────────────────────────┐
│ Filename                                │ Applied At               │
├─────────────────────────────────────────┼──────────────────────────┤
│ 20160608155948-blacklist_the_beatles.js │ 2016-06-08T20:13:30.415Z │
└─────────────────────────────────────────┴──────────────────────────┘

Migrate down

With this command, mongo-up will revert (only) the last applied migration

$ mongo-up down
MIGRATED DOWN: 20160608155948-blacklist_the_beatles.js

If we check the status again, we see that the reverted migration is pending again:

$ mongo-up status
┌─────────────────────────────────────────┬────────────┐
│ Filename                                │ Applied At │
├─────────────────────────────────────────┼────────────┤
│ 20160608155948-blacklist_the_beatles.js │ PENDING    │
└─────────────────────────────────────────┴────────────┘

Using a custom config file

All actions (except init) accept an optional -f or --file option to specify a path to a custom config file. By default, mongo-up will look for a mongo-up-config.js config file in of the current directory.

Example:

$ mongo-up status -f '~/configs/albums-migrations.js'
┌─────────────────────────────────────────┬────────────┐
│ Filename                                │ Applied At │
├─────────────────────────────────────────┼────────────┤
│ 20160608155948-blacklist_the_beatles.js │ PENDING    │
└─────────────────────────────────────────┴────────────┘
 

API Usage

const {
  init,
  create,
  database,
  config,
  up,
  down,
  status 
= require('mongo-up');

init() → Promise

Initialize a new mongo-up project

await init();

The above command did two things:

  1. create a sample mongo-up-config.js file and
  2. create a migrations directory

Edit the mongo-up-config.js file. Make sure you change the mongodb url.

create(description) → Promise<fileName>

For example:

const fileName = await create('blacklist_the_beatles');
console.log('Created:', fileName);

A new migration file is created in the migrations directory.

create-before(description) → Promise<fileName>

For example:

const fileName = await create-before('blacklist_the_beatles_before');
console.log('Created:', fileName);

A new always-before file is created in the before directory.

create-after(description) → Promise<fileName>

For example:

const fileName = await create-after('blacklist_the_beatles_after');
console.log('Created:', fileName);

A new always-after file is created in the after directory.

database.connect() → Promise<MongoDb>

Connect to a mongo database using the connection settings from the mongo-up-config.js file.

const db = await database.connect();

config.read() → Promise<JSON>

Read connection settings from the mongo-up-config.js file.

const mongoConnectionSettings = await config.read();

up(MongoDb) → Promise<Array<fileName>>

Apply all pending migrations

const db = await database.connect();
const migrated = await up(db);
migrated.forEach(fileName => console.log('Migrated:', fileName));

If an an error occurred, the Promise will reject and won't continue with the rest of the pending migrations.

down(MongoDb) → Promise<Array<fileName>>

Revert (only) the last applied migration

const db = await database.connect();
const migratedDown = await down(db);
migratedDown.forEach(fileName => console.log('Migrated Down:', fileName));

status(MongoDb) → Promise<Array<{ fileName, appliedAt }>>

Check which migrations are applied (or not.

const db = await database.connect();
const migrationStatus = await status(db);
migrationStatus.forEach(({ fileName, appliedAt }) => console.log(fileName, ':', appliedAt));

db.close() → Promise

Close the database connection

const db = await database.connect();
await db.close()

install

npm i mongo-up

Downloadsweekly downloads

6

version

5.1.8

license

MIT

homepage

github.com

repository

Gitgithub

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