Nerfed Poet Melancholia

    TypeScript icon, indicating that this package has built-in type declarations

    3.7.2 • Public • Published

    Mongo Seeding

    Mongo Seeding

    npm version Build Status codecov David David install size

    The ultimate solution for populating your MongoDB database. Define the data in JavaScript or JSON files. Import collections and documents!

    Table of contents


    To install the app, run the following command:

    npm install mongo-seeding --save


    1. Import the Seeder class:

      const { Seeder } = require('mongo-seeding');
    2. Define a partial configuration object. The object will be merged with the default config object (see Configuration section). Therefore, you can specify only properties, which should override the default values, for example:

      const config = {
        database: {
          host: '',
          port: 27017,
          name: 'mydatabase',
        dropDatabase: true,

      Instead of database configuration object, you can also provide database connection URI to the database property:

      const config = {
        database: 'mongodb://',
        dropDatabase: true,
    3. Instantiate Seeder class:

      const seeder = new Seeder(config);
    4. (OPTIONAL) To read MongoDB collections from disk, firstly follow the tutorial in order to define documents and collections to import. Next, read them using readCollectionsFromPath method:

      const path = require('path');
      const collections = seeder.readCollectionsFromPath(path.resolve("./your/path"));
    5. Seed your database:

      • with async/await, for example:

        try {
          await seeder.import(collections);
        } catch (err) {
          // Handle errors
        // Do whatever you want after successful import
      • with raw promises:

          .then(() => {
            // Do whatever you want after successful import
          .catch(err => {
            // Handle errors

    See an import data example for a sample Node.js application utilizing the library.

    API description

    The Seeder class contains the following methods.


    Constructs a new Seeder instance and loads configuration for data import.


    You can override any default configuration property by passing partial config object to the Seeder constructor. The object is merged with the default configuration object. To use all default settings, simply omit the constructor argument (new Seeder()).

    The following snippet represents the type definition of Seeder config with all available properties:

    export interface SeederConfig {
      database: string | SeederDatabaseConfigObject; // database connection URI or configuration object
      databaseReconnectTimeout: number; // maximum time of waiting for successful MongoDB connection in milliseconds. Ignored when `mongoClientOptions` are passed.
      dropDatabase: boolean; // drops entire database before import
      dropCollections: boolean; // drops every collection which is being imported
      mongoClientOptions?: MongoClientOptions; // optional MongoDB connect options
      collectionInsertManyOptions?: CollectionInsertManyOptions; // optional MongoDB collection import options
    export interface SeederDatabaseConfigObject {
      protocol: string;
      host: string;
      port: number;
      name: string;
      username?: string;
      password?: string;
      options?: SeederDatabaseConfigObjectOptions; // see all options for Database Connection URI:
    export type SeederDatabaseConfigObjectOptions = {
      [key:string]: string; 

    In order to configure database connection, specify connection URI for database property or assign a partial SeederDatabaseConfigObject object, overriding necessary properties.

    Default configuration:

    The default configuration object is as follows:

    const defaultConfig = {
      database: {
        protocol: 'mongodb',
        host: '',
        port: 27017,
        name: 'database',
        username: undefined,
        password: undefined, 
      databaseReconnectTimeout: 10000,
      dropDatabase: false,
      dropCollections: false,
      mongoClientOptions: undefined,
      collectionInsertManyOptions: undefined;

    readCollectionsFromPath(path, partialOptions?)

    Populates collections and their documents from given path. The path has to contain import data structure described here.


    You can specify an optional partial options object for this method, which will be merged with default configuration object. See the interface of the options, which describes all possible options:

    export interface SeederCollectionReadingOptions {
      extensions: string[]; // files that should be imported
      ejsonParseOptions?: EJSON.Options; // options for parsing EJSON files with `.json` extension
      transformers: Array<(collection: SeederCollection) => SeederCollection>; // optional transformer functions

    For example, you may provide the following options object:

    const collectionReadingOptions = {
      extensions: ['ts', 'js', 'cjs', 'json'],
      ejsonParseOptions: {
        relaxed: false,
      transformers: [
    const collections = seeder.readCollectionsFromPath(

    Transform function is a simple function in a form of (collection: SeederCollection) => SeederCollection. It means that you can manipulate collections after reading them from disk. SeederCollection is defined as follows:

    interface SeederCollection {
      name: string;
      documents: object[];

    There is two built-in transform functions:

    • Seeder.Transformers.replaceDocumentIdWithUnderscoreId, which replaces id field with _id property for every document in collection.

    • Seeder.Transformers.setTimestamps, which sets createdAt and updatedAt timestamps for every document in collection.

    Default options

    The default options object is as follows:

    const defaultCollectionReadingConfig: SeederCollectionReadingConfig = {
      extensions: ['json', 'js', 'cjs'],
      ejsonParseOptions: {
        relaxed: true,
      transformers: [],

    import(collections, partialConfig?)

    This method connects to a database and imports all provided collections. collections argument type is an array of SeederCollection type, which is defined as follows:

    interface SeederCollection {
      name: string;
      documents: object[];


    You can provide additional partialConfig argument in a form of Seeder partial configuration object - the same used in the constructor. It is an easy way to change the configuration for one single data import. The configuration object will be merged with provided configuration from constructor and default config.

    Debug output

    In order to see debug output, set environmental variable DEBUG to value mongo-seeding before starting your Node.js app:

    DEBUG=mongo-seeding node yourapp/index.js

    You can also set it programmatically before requiring mongo-seeding:

    process.env.DEBUG = 'mongo-seeding';
    const { Seeder } = require('mongo-seeding');


    npm i mongo-seeding

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads






    Unpacked Size

    81.4 kB

    Total Files


    Last publish


    • pkosiec