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4.0.4 • Public • Published

Monaco YAML

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YAML language plugin for the Monaco Editor. It provides the following features when editing YAML files:

  • Code completion, based on JSON schemas or by looking at similar objects in the same file
  • Hovers, based on JSON schemas
  • Validation: Syntax errors and schema validation
  • Formatting using Prettier
  • Document Symbols
  • Automatically load remote schema files (by enabling DiagnosticsOptions.enableSchemaRequest)
  • Links from JSON references.
  • Links and hover effects from YAML anchors.

Schemas can also be provided by configuration. See here for the API that the plugin offers to configure the YAML language support.


npm install monaco-yaml


Import monaco-yaml and configure it before an editor instance is created.

import { editor, Uri } from 'monaco-editor';
import { setDiagnosticsOptions } from 'monaco-yaml';

// The uri is used for the schema file match.
const modelUri = Uri.parse('a://b/foo.yaml');

  enableSchemaRequest: true,
  hover: true,
  completion: true,
  validate: true,
  format: true,
  schemas: [
      // Id of the first schema
      uri: 'http://myserver/foo-schema.json',
      // Associate with our model
      fileMatch: [String(modelUri)],
      schema: {
        type: 'object',
        properties: {
          p1: {
            enum: ['v1', 'v2'],
          p2: {
            // Reference the second schema
            $ref: 'http://myserver/bar-schema.json',
      // Id of the first schema
      uri: 'http://myserver/bar-schema.json',
      schema: {
        type: 'object',
        properties: {
          q1: {
            enum: ['x1', 'x2'],

editor.create(document.createElement('editor'), {
  // Monaco-yaml features should just work if the editor language is set to 'yaml'.
  language: 'yaml',
  model: editor.createModel('p1: \n', 'yaml', modelUri),

Also make sure to register the web worker. When using Webpack 5, this looks like the code below. Other bundlers may use a different syntax, but the idea is the same. Languages you don’t used can be omitted.

window.MonacoEnvironment = {
  getWorker(moduleId, label) {
    switch (label) {
      case 'editorWorkerService':
        return new Worker(new URL('monaco-editor/esm/vs/editor/editor.worker', import.meta.url));
      case 'css':
      case 'less':
      case 'scss':
        return new Worker(new URL('monaco-editor/esm/vs/language/css/css.worker', import.meta.url));
      case 'handlebars':
      case 'html':
      case 'razor':
        return new Worker(
          new URL('monaco-editor/esm/vs/language/html/html.worker', import.meta.url),
      case 'json':
        return new Worker(
          new URL('monaco-editor/esm/vs/language/json/json.worker', import.meta.url),
      case 'javascript':
      case 'typescript':
        return new Worker(
          new URL('monaco-editor/esm/vs/language/typescript/ts.worker', import.meta.url),
      case 'yaml':
        return new Worker(new URL('monaco-yaml/yaml.worker', import.meta.url));
        throw new Error(`Unknown label ${label}`);


A demo is available on

A running example: demo-image

Some usage examples can be found in the examples directory.


Does this work with the Monaco UMD bundle?

No. Only ESM is supported.

Does this work with Monaco Editor from a CDN?

No, because these use a UMD bundle, which isn’t supported.

Does this work with @monaco-editor/loader or @monaco-editor/react?

No. These packages pull in the Monaco UMD bundle from a CDN. Because UMD isn’t supported, neither are these packages.

Is the web worker necessary?

Yes. The web worker provides the core functionality of monaco-yaml.

Does it work without a bundler?

No. monaco-yaml uses dependencies from node_modules, so they can be deduped and your bundle size is decreased. This comes at the cost of not being able to use it without a bundler.

How do I integrate monaco-yaml with a framework? (Angular, React, Vue, etc.)

monaco-yaml only uses the Monaco Editor. It’s not tied to a framework, all that’s needed is a DOM node to attach the Monaco Editor to. See the Monaco Editor examples for examples on how to integrate Monaco Editor in your project, then configure monaco-yaml as described above.

Does monaco-yaml work with create-react-app?

Yes, but you’ll have to eject. See #92 (comment) for details.

Why doesn’t it work with Vite?

Some users have experienced the following error when using Vite:

Uncaught (in promise) Error: Unexpected usage
  at EditorSimpleWorker.loadForeignModule (editorSimpleWorker.js)
  at webWorker.js

As a workaround, create a file named yaml.worker.js in your own project with the following contents:

import 'monaco-yaml/yaml.worker.js';

Then in your Monaco environment getWorker function, reference this file instead of referencing monaco-yaml/yaml.worker.js directly:

import YamlWorker from './yaml.worker.js?worker';

window.MonacoEnvironment = {
  getWorker(moduleId, label) {
    switch (label) {
      // Handle other cases
      case 'yaml':
        return new YamlWorker();
        throw new Error(`Unknown label ${label}`);

Why isn’t monaco-yaml working? Official Monaco language extensions do work.

This is most likely due to the fact that monaco-yaml is using a different instance of the monaco-editor package than you are. This is something you’ll want to avoid regardless of monaco-editor, because it means your bundle is significantly larger than it needs to be. This is likely caused by one of the following issues:

  • A code splitting misconfiguration

    To solve this, try inspecting your bundle using for example webpack-bundle-analyzer. If monaco-editor is in there twice, this is the issue. It’s up to you to solve this, as it’s project-specific.

  • You’re using a package which imports monaco-editor for you, but it’s using a different version.

    You can find out why the monaco-editor is installed using npm ls monaco-editor or yarn why monaco-editor. It should exist only once, but it’s ok if it’s deduped.

    You may be able to solve this by deleting your node_modules folder and package-lock.json or yarn.lock, then running npm install or yarn install respectively.

Using Monaco webpack loader plugin

If you're using monaco webpack plugin, then instead of the above code, you can extend the plugin's configuration. Extend your webpack.config.js file with the following:

import { MonacoWebpackPlugin } from 'monaco-editor-webpack-plugin';

export default {
  // ...the rest of your webpack configuration...
  plugins: [
    new MonacoWebpackPlugin({
      languages: ['yaml'],
      customLanguages: [
          label: 'yaml',
          entry: 'monaco-yaml',
          worker: {
            id: 'monaco-yaml/yamlWorker',
            entry: 'monaco-yaml/yaml.worker',

You can also refer to the example of a complete project.

Why does it try to download my schema even when I provided one as an object?

You may have provided a schema configured like this:

  uri: "",
  fileMatch: ["file_name.yml"],
  schema: {
    $schema: "",
    $id: "",
    title: "placeholder title",
    description: "placeholder description",
    type: "object",
    properties: {
      name: {
        description: "name property description",
        type: "string",
    required: ["name"],

And would be surprised to see the error:

Unable to load schema from '': Failed to fetch.

It happens because plugin uses schema URI not only as the URL to download the schema from, but also to determine the schema name. To fix this, change the uri parameter to


Please see our contributing guidelines


Originally @kpdecker forked this repository from monaco-json by @microsoft and rewrote it to work with yaml-language-server instead. Later the repository maintenance was taken over by @pengx17. Eventually the repository was tranferred to the account of @remcohaszing, who is currently maintaining this repository with the help of @fleon and @yazaabed.

The heavy processing is done in yaml-language-server, best known for being the backbone for vscode-yaml. This repository provides a thin layer to add functionality provided by yaml-language-server into monaco-editor.




npm i monaco-yaml

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  • kpdecker
  • remcohaszing
  • fleon
  • pengxiao
  • yazanaabed