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mithril-infinite

Infinite Scroll for Mithril on mobile and desktop

Compatible with Mithril 1.0.

Examples

Examples

Features

  • Natural scrolling using browser defaults
  • Fast and fluent (on desktop and modern mobiles)
  • Can be used for lists, grids and table-like data.
  • Pre-fetches data of the current page, the page before and after.
  • Items that are out of sight are removed, so only a fraction of the total content is drawn on the screen. This is good for speed and memory consumption.
  • Support for unequal content heights and dynamic resizing of content elements.
  • As more data is loaded, the scroll view increases in size, so that the scrollbar can be used to go back to a specific point on the page.
  • Items are handled per "page", which is a normal way of handling batches of search results from the server.
  • Pages can contain an arbitrary and unequal amount of items.
  • When there is room on the page to show more data: automatic detection of "loadable space" (so no loading area detection div is needed).
  • Optionally use previous/next paging buttons

Not included (by design):

  • Special support for older mobile browsers: no touch layer, requestAnimationFrame, absolute positioning or speed/deceleration calculations.
  • For smooth programmatic scrolling (to a scroll position) a number of scroll libraries exist, for instance ftcroller.

Installation

Use as npm module:

npm install --save mithril-infinite

or download/clone from Github.

For working with the examples, see the examples documentation.

Usage

Note: The parent of "scroll-view" must have a height. Also make sure that html has a height (typically set to 100%).

Handling data

Data can be provided:

  • With pageUrl for referencing URLs
  • With pageData for server requests

Using pageUrl for referencing URLs

A example using data files:

import infinite from "mithril-infinite";
 
m(infinite, {
  maxPages: 16,
  pageUrl: pageNum => "data/page-" + pageNum + ".json",
  item
});

With these options we are:

  • limiting the number of pages to 16
  • passing a function to generate a JSON data URL
  • passing a function that should return a Mithril element

A simple item function:

const item = (data, opts, index) => 
  m(".item", [
    m("h2", data.title),
    m("div", data.body)
  ]);

The item function passes 3 parameters:

  1. data contains the loaded data from pageUrl.
  2. opts contains: isScrolling: Bool, pageId: String, pageNum: Number, pageSize: Number
  3. index: the item index

Data file structure

Data is handled per "results" page. Each page is a JSON data object that contains a list of item data.

You are free to use any data format. Some examples:

[
  {
    "src": "cat.jpg",
    "width": 500,
    "height": 375
  }
]

Or:

[
  ["red", "#ff0000"],
]

Using pageData for server requests

In most real world situations an API server will provide the data. So while passing file URLs with pageUrl is a handy shortcut, we preferably use data requests.

With m.request
import infinite from "mithril-infinite";
 
const pageData = pageNum => 
  m.request({
    method: "GET",
    dataType: "jsonp",
    url: dataUrl(pageNum)
  });
 
m(infinite, {
  pageData,
  item
});

Demo tip: in the example "Grid" we use jsonplaceholder.typicode.com to fetch our images:

const PAGE_ITEMS = 10;
 
const dataUrl = pageNum =>
  `http://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com/photos?_start=${(pageNum - 1) * PAGE_ITEMS}&_end=${pageNum * PAGE_ITEMS}`;
With async
import infinite from "mithril-infinite";
 
const asyncPageData = async function(pageNum) {
  return await fetchPageData(pageNum);
};
 
const fetchPageData = pageNum => 
  fetch(dataUrl(pageNum))
    .then(function(response) {
      return response.json();
    }).then(function(json) {
      return json;
    }).catch(function() {
      //console.log('parsing failed', ex)
    });
 
m(infinite, {
  pageData: asyncPageData,
  item
});
Returning data directly
import infinite from "mithril-infinite";
 
const returnData = () =>
  [{ /* some data */ }
 
m(infinite, {
  pageData: returnData,
  item
});
Returning data as a Promise
import infinite from "mithril-infinite";
 
const returnDelayedData = () =>
  new Promise(resolve =>
    setTimeout(() =>
      resolve(data)
    , 1000)
  );
 
m(infinite, {
  pageData: returnDelayedData,
  item
});

Advanced item function example

To enhance the current loading behavior, we:

  • Load images when they are visible in the viewport
  • Stop loading images when the page is scrolling. This makes a big difference in performance, but it will not always result in a good user experience - the page will seem "dead" when during the scrolling. So use with consideration.

The item function can now look like this:

const item = (data, opts) =>
  m("a.grid-item",
    m(".image-holder",
      m(".image", {
        oncreate: vnode => maybeShowImage(vnode, data, opts.isScrolling),
        onupdate: vnode => maybeShowImage(vnode, data, opts.isScrolling)
      })
    )
  );
 
// Don't load the image if the page is scrolling
const maybeShowImage = (vnode, data, isScrolling) => {
  if (isScrolling || vnode.state.inited) {
    return;
  }
  // Only load the image when visible in the viewport
  if (infinite.isElementInViewport({ el: vnode.dom })) {
    showImage(vnode.dom, data.thumbnailUrl);
    vnode.state.inited = true;
  }
el.style.backgroundImage = `url(${url})`;

Getting the total page count

How the total page count is delivered will differ per server. jsonplaceholder.typicode.com passes the info in the request header.

Example "Fixed" shows how to get the total page count from the request, and use that to calculate the total content height.

We place the pageData function in the oninit function so that we have easy access to the state.pageCount variable:

const state = vnode.state;
state.pageCount = 1;
 
state.pageData = pageNum => 
  m.request({
    method: "GET",
    dataType: "jsonp",
    url: dataUrl(pageNum),
    extract: xhr => (
      // Read the total count from the header
      state.pageCount = Math.ceil(parseInt(xhr.getResponseHeader("X-Total-Count"), 10) / PAGE_ITEMS),
      JSON.parse(xhr.responseText)
    )
  });

Then pass state.pageData to infinite:

m(infinite, {
  pageData: state.pageData,
  maxPages: state.pageCount,
  ...
});

Using images

For a better loading experience (and data usage), images should be loaded only when they appear on the screen. To check if the image is in the viewport, you can use the function infinite.isElementInViewport({ el }). For example:

if (infinite.isElementInViewport({ el: vnode.dom })) {
  loadImage(vnode.dom, data.thumbnailUrl);
}

Images should not be shown with the <img/> tag: while this works fine on desktop browsers, this causes redrawing glitches on iOS Safari. The solution is to use background-image. For example:

el.style.backgroundImage = `url(${url})`;

Using table data

Using <table> tags causes reflow problems. Use divs instead, with CSS styling for table features. For example:

.page {
  display: table;
  width: 100%;
}
.list-item {
  width: 100%;
  display: table-row;
}
.list-item > div {
  display: table-cell;
}

Pagination

See the "Paging" example.

Configuration options

Appearance options

Parameter Mandatory Type Default Description
scrollView optional Selector String Pass an element"s selector to assign another element as scrollView
class optional String Extra CSS class appended to mithril-infinite__scroll-view
contentTag optional String "div" HTML tag for the content element
pageTag optional String "div" HTML tag for the page element; note that pages have class mithril-infinite__page plus either mithril-infinite__page--odd or mithril-infinite__page--even
maxPages optional Number Number.MAX_VALUE Maximum number of pages to draw
preloadPages optional Number 1 Number of pages to preload when the app starts; if room is available, this number will increase automatically
axis optional String "y" The scroll axis, either "y" or "x"
autoSize optional Boolean true Set to false to not set the width or height in CSS
throttle optional Number .2 The number of seconds between scroll updates
before optional Mithril template or component Content shown before the pages; has class mithril-infinite__before
after optional Mithril template or component Content shown after the pages; has class mithril-infinite__after; will be shown only when content exists and the last page is in view (when maxPages is defined)
contentSize optional Number (pixels) Use when you know the number of items to display and the height of the content, and when predictable scrollbar behaviour is desired (without jumps when content is loaded); pass a pixel value to set the size (height or width) of the scroll content, thereby overriding the dynamically calculated height; use together with pageSize
setDimensions optional Function ({scrolled: Number, size: Number}) Sets the initial size and scroll position of scrollView; this function is called once

Callback functions

Parameter Mandatory Type Default Description
pageUrl either pageData or pageUrl Function (page: Number) => String Function that accepts a page number and returns a URL String
pageData either pageData or pageUrl Function (page: Number) => Promise Function that fetches data; accepts a page number and returns a promise
item required Function (data: Array, options: Object, index: Number) => Mithril Template Function that creates a Mithril element from received data
pageSize optional Function (content: Array) => Number Pass a pixel value to set the size (height or width) of each page; the function accepts the page content and returns the size
pageChange optional Function (page: Number) Get notified when a new page is shown
processPageData optional Function (data: Array, options: Object) => Array Function that maps over the page data and returns an item for each
getDimensions optional Function () => {scrolled: Number, size: Number} Returns an object with state dimensions of scrollView: scrolled (either scrollTop or scrollLeft) and size (either height or width); this function is called on each view update

Paging options

Parameter Mandatory Type Default Description
currentPage optional Number Sets the current page
from optional Number Not needed when only one page is shown (use currentPage); use page data from this number and higher
to optional Number Not needed when only one page is shown (use currentPage); Use page data to this number and lower

Options for infinite.isElementInViewport

All options are passed in an options object: infinite.isElementInViewport({ el, leeway })

Parameter Mandatory Type Default Description
el required HTML Element The element to check
axis optional String "y" The scroll axis, either "y" or "x"
leeway optional Number 300 The extended area; by default the image is already fetched when it is 100px outside of the viewport; both bottom and top leeway are calculated

Styling

Note: The parent of "scroll-view" must have a height. Also make sure that html has a height (typically set to 100%).

Styles are added using j2c. This library is also used in the examples.

CSS classes

Element Key Class
Scroll view scrollView mithril-infinite__scroll-view
Scroll content scrollContent mithril-infinite__scroll-content
Content container content mithril-infinite__content
Pages container pages mithril-infinite__pages
Page page mithril-infinite__page
Content before before mithril-infinite__before
Content after after mithril-infinite__after
State Key Class
Scroll view, x axis scrollViewX mithril-infinite__scroll-view--x
Scroll view, y axis scrollViewY mithril-infinite__scroll-view--y
Even numbered page pageEven mithril-infinite__page--even
Odd numbered page pageOdd mithril-infinite__page--odd
Page, now placeholder placeholder mithril-infinite__page--placeholder

Size

Minified and gzipped: ~ 3.7 Kb

Dependencies

Future improvements

  • Smarter handling of "no data found" (works fine if maxPages is set, otherwise gives 404 in console).
  • Optimize page load order, for example de-prioritize loading of the previous page.

Licence

MIT