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1.7.0 • Public • Published


Minimalistic dependency injection implementation without decorators (less than 100kb after installing)

MiniInject is offered as both CommonJS and ESModule files and there are no dependencies except for testing

The goal is to offer dependency injection as complete as possible with the most simple code that anyone can read

Everything runs synchronously and no need to add a bunch of decorators everywhere. It works as intended and there is no blackbox or magic


MiniInject is available as the package mini-inject.

npm i mini-inject

The package provides both cjs and mjs files along the type definitions.

There is no need to install any type definition package, we provide all type declartions on .d.ts files and all public methods are documented with examples


I am activaly working on this project.

Use the github page for opening issues or discussions.

Usage and examples

const {DI} = require('mini-inject');
//or use the mjs file. We provide .js, .cjs and .mjs extensions
import {DI} from 'mini-inject';

class A {
    constructor(value) {
        this.value = value;

class B {
    value = 'B';

class C {
    constructor (a, b) {
        this.a = a;
        this.b = b;

const di = new DI();
// Bind the classes A, B and C assigning a function for instanciation
    .bind(A, (di) => new A(0))                       // A is a singleton dependency
    .bind(B, (di) => new B(), {isSingleton: false}) // B is not a singleton dependency
    .bind(C, (di) => new C(di.get(A), di.get(B)));  // C is a singleton dependency
// Or let `mini-inject` generate the binding function from an array of dependencies
    .bind(A, [di.literal(0)])          // A is a singleton dependency. The param 0 is not a injectable dependency, so we set it as a literal
    .bind(B, [], {isSingleton: false}) // B is not a singleton dependency
    .bind(C, [A, B]);                  // C is a singleton dependency. Both A and B have bindings, so `mini-inject` will resolve it automatically

const a = di.get(A);
console.log(a.value); // 0
a.value = 10;

const c = di.get(C);
console.log(c.a.value); // 10
console.log(c.b.value); // B
c.b.value = 'BB';

const b = di.get(B);
console.log(b.value);   // B
console.log(c.b.value); // BB

// You can also fetch everythin in a single call
const [a2, b2, c2] = di.getAll(A, B, C);
console.log(a2.value); // 0
console.log(b2.value);   // B
console.log(c2.a.value); // 10
console.log(c2.b.value); // B

class D {}
try {
    const d = di.get(D); // There is no binding for D, this will thrown an exception
} catch(err) {
    console.error(err); // Error: No binding for injectable "D"
let d = di.get(D, 1);     // There is no binding for D, but since we provided a fallback no exception is thrown
console.log(d);           // 1
d = di.get(D, undefined); // The fallback can be anything even undefined as long as it is in the arguments list
console.log(d);           // undefined

// Circular Dependency
/// Solved through lateResolve param
class A1 {
    constructor(n, a2) {
        this.n = n;
        this.a2 = a2;

    get value() {
        return this.n + this.a2.n;

class A2 {
    constructor(n, a1) {
        this.n = n;
        this.a1 = a1; // a1 is a Proxy, as long as no property is used inside the constructor there is no circular dependency problem

    get value() {
        return this.a1.n - this.n;

di.bind(A1, [di.literal(5), A2], {lateResolve: true});
di.bind(A2, [di.literla(2), A1]); // A2 will receive a late resolver for A1

const a1 = di.get(A1); // Does not cause stack-overflow
const a2 = di.get(A2); // Does not cause stack-overflow
console.log(a1.value); // 7
console.log(a2.value); // 3

/// Solved through getResolver
class B1 {
    constructor(n, b2) {
        this.n = n;
        this.b2 = b2;

    get value() {
        return this.n + this.b2.n;

class B2 {
    /** @type {import('./index').DIResolver<A1>} */
    b1 = null;

    constructor(n, b1) {
        this.n = n;
        this.b1 = b1;

    get value() {
        return this.b1.get().n - this.n;

di.bind(B1, [di.literal(5), B2]);
di.bind(B2, [di.literal(2), di.literal(di.getResolver(B1))]); // A2 will receive a late resolver for A1

const b1 = di.get(B1); // Does not cause stack-overflow
const b2 = di.get(B2); // Does not cause stack-overflow
console.log(b1.value); // 7
console.log(b2.value); // 3


mini-inject now supports sub-modules for better managing dependencies. A sub-module is just an instance of DI class but is used by the parent module for resolving dependencies when the binding does not exist in the parent module.

Dependency resolution works top-down, so first we check the parent module and if the biding does not exists then we check each sub-module in the order they were added. This means that a sub-module does not access the parent bindings but the parent can get the sub-modules bindings.

const {DI} = require('mini-inject');
const di = new DI();

class A {}
class B {}

class Sub1A {}
class Sub1B {}
const sub1 = new DI();

class Sub2C {}
class Sub2D {
    constructor (sub1B, a) {
        this.sub1B = sub1B;
        this.a = a;
const sub2 = new DI();
sub2.bind(Sub2D, [Sub1B, A]);

di.subModule(sub1, sub2);

// Those work fine
di.getAll(A, B, Sub1A, Sub1B, Sub2C); // [A, B, Sub1A, Sub1B, Sub2C]
sub1.getAll(Sub1A, Sub1B);            // [sub1A, Sub1B]
sub2.get(Sub2C);                      // Sub2C

// Those will throw errors.
sub1.get(A);          // sub1 does not have access to A. It throws: Error('No binding for injectable "A"')
sub2.get(A);          // sub2 does not have access to A. It throws: Error('No binding for injectable "A"')
sub2.get(Sub2D);      // sub2 does not have access to Sub1B. It throws: Error('No binding for injectable "Sub1B"')

// The solution is to bind `Sub1B` to sub2 module or just add sub1 as a sub-module of sub2 too
sub2.bind(Sub1B); // or sub2.subModule(sub1);
// The same problem will still happen if a sub-module needs a dependency that is available in the parent but not in the sub-module
sub2.get(Sub2D); // sub2 does not have access to A. It throws: Error('No binding for injectable "A"')
// If we bind `A` to sub2 module then it will work
sub2.get(Sub2D); // Sub2D



  • Added sub-modules through the method subModule
  • Added the method has to test if there is a binding for an injectable
  • Binding now works without any parameters for constructable classes. Calling just di.bind(A) now works as if it were di.bind(A, [])


  • Added literals for dependencies


  • Binding with an empty dependency array now automatically set lateResolve flag to false
  • Added the method getBinding for accessing the inner works of the library

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