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mikronode

Mikrotik API implemented in Node

Mikronode

Full-Featured asynchronous Mikrotik API interface for NodeJS.

 var MikroNode = require('mikronode');
 
 var device = new MikroNode('192.168.0.1');

 device.connect('admin','password').then(function(connection) {

    var chan=conn.openChannel("addresses"); // open a named channel
    var chan2=conn.openChannel("firewall_connections",true); // open a named channel, turn on "closeOnDone"

    chan.write('/ip/address/print');

    chan.on('done',function(data) {

          // data is all of the sentences in an array.
          data.forEach(function(item) {
             console.log('Interface/IP: '+item.data.interface+"/"+item.data.address);
          });

          chan.close(); // close the channel.
          conn.close(); // when closing connection, the socket is closed and program ends.

       });
    });

    chan.write('/ip/firewall/print');

    chan.done.subscribe(function(data){

          // data is all of the sentences in an array.
          data.forEach(function(item) {
             var data = MikroNode.resultsToObj(item.data); // convert array of field items to object.
             console.log('Interface/IP: '+data.interface+"/"+data.address);
          });

       });
    });

 });

Clone this repository into your node_modules directory.

  • or - $ npm install mikronode
  • Channel based communication
  • Multiple channels can be used at once.
  • Synchronous execution of commands issued on the same channel.
  • Asynchrounous execution of commands issued on different channels.
  • Focus on high performance
  • Write tests con make sure everything keeps working whenever making changes.
    // There are 2 ways to get resulting data from channels:
    // Using events, like earlier versions:
    //   data takes each sentence one at a time.
    //   done takes an entire result from last command.
    // Using Streams channel and connection provides access to several layers of them.
    //   Channels filter only data for that channel
    //      data: sentences that are data.
    //      trap: stream of traps. Useful for reading data streams using takeUntil(trapStream). Or for piping to notification on UI.
    //      bufferedSteam: when data response is "done" the buffered stream emits packets. Don't use this with a "listen" command.
    //      read: every sentence passes through this one.
    //   Connections also have streams, where they do not filter per channel:
    //      raw: The raw socket data. This emits buffers.
    //      sentence:each raw sentence is emitted from this stream
    //      read: the parsed sentences this is similar to the Channel read stream except does not filter by channel id.
    //      trap: all traps

Calling new MikroNode(host) returns an API object.

  • apiInstance.connect('user','pass',optionsObject) Connect to the target device. The callback function is called after successful login with the current connection object as its parameter.
  • conn.openChannel(id)
    Open and return a new channel object. Each channel is a unique command line to the mikrotik, allowing simultaneous execution of commands. The ID parameter is optional.
  • conn.connected()
    Returns true is currently connected to a mikrotik device.
  • conn.closeChannel(id)
    Closes an open channel. This will call the close method of the channel object.
  • conn closeOnDone(b)
    If b == true, when a done event occurs, close the connection after all channels have been closed.
  • conn.close(force)
    Close the connection. If force is true, force close of any open channels then close this connection.
  • conn.getHost()
  • conn.getUser()

The following methods are available for channels:

  • channel.done "done" is the stream that contains events when the done sentence comes from the device. When subscribing, the stream's data contans an object with each line received in an array.
  • channel.read For each sentence received, this has an observable event. Only sentences designated for this channel will pass through this sentence. This is handy when following trailing output from a listen command, where the data could be endless.
  • chanenl.sync(b) If b == true, each command is run synchronously. Otherwise commands are executed as they are passed.
  • channel.closeOnDone(b) If b == true, when a done event occurs, close the channel after all commands queued have been executed.
  • channel.getId()
  • channel.write(lines[,optionsObject])
    Lines can be a string, or an array of strings. If it is a string, then it is split on the EOL character and each resulting line is sent as a separate word (in API speak) If lines is an array, then each element is sent unaltered. If lines is a string and optionsObject is provided, the optionsObject is converted to standard sentence output: =propertyName=propertyValue
  • channel.close(force) Close the channel. If there are any commands still waiting to be executed, they will be completed before closing the channel.
    If force is TRUE, then the channel is immediately closed. If the channel is running, the cancel command is sent to stop any running listen commands, or potentially long running output.
 var api = require('mikronode');

 var connection = new api('192.168.0.1','admin','password');
 connection.connect(function(conn) {

    var chan=conn.openChannel();

    chan.write(['/ip/address/add','=interface=ether1','=address=192.168.1.1'],function() {
       chan.on('trap',function(data) {
          console.log('Error setting IP: '+data);
       });
       chan.on('done',function(data) {
          console.log('IP Set.');
       });
       chan.close();
       conn.close();
    });
 });

Writing the program for the example API conversation on the Mikrotik Wiki

 var MikroNode = require('mikronode');

 var device = new MikroNode('192.168.0.1');
 device.connect('admin','password').then(function(conn) {

    conn.closeOnDone(true); // when all channels are "done" the connection should close.

    var chan1=conn.openChannel("interface_listener");
    chan1.write('/interface/listen');
    chan1.read.subscribe(function(item) {
        var packet=MikroNode.resultsToObj(item.data);
        console.log('Interface change: '+JSON.stringify(packet));
    });

    // This should be called when the cancel is called below. (trap occurs first, then done)
    chan1.done.subscribe(function(packet) {
        // This should output everything that the above outputted.
        packet.data.forEach(function(data) {
            var packets=MikroNode.resultsToObj(data);
            console.log('Interface: '+JSON.stringify(packet));
        });
    });

    var chan2=conn.openChannel('config_interface');

    // added closeOnDone option to this call
    var chan3=conn.openChannel('enable_interface'); // We'll use this later.

    var chan4=conn.openChannel('getall_interfaces'); 

    chan2.write('/interface/set',{'disabled':'yes','.id':'ether1'});
    chan2.done.subscribe(function(items) {
        // We do this here, 'cause we want channel 4 to write after channel 3 is done.
        // No need to listen for channel3 to complete if we don't care.
        chan3.write('/interface/set',{'disabled':'no','.id':'ether1'});

        chan4.write('/interface/getall');

        // Alternative (legacy) way of caturing when chan4 is done.
        chan4.on('done',function(packet) {
            packet.data.forEach(function(data) {
                var packets=MikroNode.resultsToObj(data);
                console.log('Interface: '+JSON.stringify(packet));
            });
            chan1.close(); // This should call the /cancel command to stop the listen.
        });
    });
});

Notice how the callback embedding is not needed using the syncronous capability.

var MikroNode = require('mikronode');

var device = new MikroNode('192.168.0.1');
device.connect('admin','password').then(function(conn) {
    conn.closeOnDone(true); // All channels need to complete before the connection will close.
    var listenChannel=conn.openChannel();
    listenChannel.write('/interface/listen');

    // Each sentence that comes down goes through this.
    listenChannel.read.subscribe(function(data) {
        var packet=MikroNode.resultsToObj(data);
        console.log('Interface change: '+JSON.stringify(packet));
    });

    var actionChannel=conn.openChannel();
    actionChannel.sync(true);

    // These will run synchronsously
    actionChannel.write('/interface/set',{'disabled':'yes','.id':'ether1'});
    actionChannel.write('/interface/set',{'disabled':'no','.id':'ether1'});
    actionChannel.write('/interface/getall');
    actionChannel.on('done',function(packet) {
        packet.data.forEach(function(data) {
            var packets=MikroNode.resultsToObj(data);
            console.log('Interface: '+JSON.stringify(packet));
        });
        listenChannel.close(); // This should call the /cancel command to stop the listen.
    });
    actionChannel.close(); // The above commands will complete before this is closed.
});

The method decodeLength and encodeString were written based on code here on the Mikrotik Wiki.

(The MIT License)

Copyright (c) 2011,2012,2013,2014,2015,2016 Brandon Myers trakkasure@gmail.com

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the 'Software'), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED 'AS IS', WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.