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micromatch

2.3.6 • Public • Published

micromatch NPM version Build Status

Glob matching for javascript/node.js. A drop-in replacement and faster alternative to minimatch and multimatch. Just use micromatch.isMatch() instead of minimatch(), or use micromatch() instead of multimatch().

Install

Install with npm

$ npm i micromatch --save

Table of contents

(Table of contents generated by verb)

Features

Micromatch is 10-55x faster than minimatch, resulting from a combination of caching, tokenization, parsing, runtime compilation and regex optimization strategies.

  • Drop-in replacement for minimatch and multimatch
  • Built-in support for multiple glob patterns, like ['foo/*.js', '!bar.js']
  • Better support for the Bash 4.3 specification, and less buggy
  • Extensive unit tests (approx. 1,300 tests). Minimatch fails many of the tests.

Mainstream glob features:

  • Brace Expansion (foo/bar-{1..5}.md, one/{two,three}/four.md)
  • Typical glob patterns, like **/*, a/b/*.js, or ['foo/*.js', '!bar.js']

Extended globbing features:

  • Logical OR (foo/bar/(abc|xyz).js)
  • Regex character classes (foo/bar/baz-[1-5].js)
  • POSIX bracket expressions (**/[[:alpha:][:digit:]]/)
  • extglobs (**/+(x|y), !(a|b), etc)

You can combine these to create whatever matching patterns you need.

Usage

var mm = require('micromatch');
mm(array, patterns);

Examples

mm(['a.js', 'b.md', 'c.txt'], '*.{js,txt}');
//=> ['a.js', 'c.txt']

Multiple patterns

Multiple patterns can also be passed:

mm(['a.md', 'b.js', 'c.txt', 'd.json'], ['*.md', '*.txt']);
//=> ['a.md', 'c.txt']

Negation patterns:

Behavior;

  • when the pattern is a string, minimatch behavior is used, so patterns are inclusive by default.
  • when an array of patterns is passed, multimatch behavior is used, so patterns are exclusive by default
mm(['a.js', 'b.md', 'c.txt'], '!*.{js,txt}');
//=> ['b.md']
 
mm(['a.md', 'b.js', 'c.txt', 'd.json'], ['*.*', '!*.{js,txt}']);
//=> ['a.md', 'd.json']

Switch from minimatch

Use micromatch.isMatch() instead of minimatch()

Minimatch

The main minimatch() function returns true/false for a single file path and pattern:

var minimatch = require('minimatch');
minimatch('foo.js', '*.js');
//=> 'true'

Micromatch

With micromatch, .isMatch() to get the same result:

var mm = require('micromatch');
mm.isMatch('foo.js', '*.js');
//=> 'true'

This implementation difference is necessary since the main micromatch() method supports matching on multiple globs, with behavior similar to multimatch.

Methods

var mm = require('micromatch');

.isMatch

mm.isMatch(filepath, globPattern);

Returns true if a file path matches the given glob pattern.

Example

mm.isMatch('.verb.md', '*.md');
//=> false
 
mm.isMatch('.verb.md', '*.md', {dot: true});
//=> true

.contains

Returns true if any part of a file path matches the given glob pattern. Think of this is "has path" versus "is path".

Example

.isMatch() would return false for both of the following:

mm.contains('a/b/c', 'a/b');
//=> true
 
mm.contains('a/b/c', 'a/*');
//=> true

.matcher

Returns a function for matching using the supplied pattern. e.g. create your own "matcher". The advantage of this method is that the pattern can be compiled outside of a loop.

Pattern

Can be any of the following:

  • glob/string
  • regex
  • function

Example

var isMatch = mm.matcher('*.md');
var files = [];
 
['a.md', 'b.txt', 'c.md'].forEach(function(fp) {
  if (isMatch(fp)) {
    files.push(fp);
  }
});

.filter

Returns a function that can be passed to Array#filter().

Params

  • patterns {String|Array}:

Examples

Single glob:

var fn = mm.filter('*.md');
['a.js', 'b.txt', 'c.md'].filter(fn);
//=> ['c.md']
 
var fn = mm.filter('[a-c]');
['a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'e'].filter(fn);
//=> ['a', 'b', 'c']

Array of glob patterns:

var arr = [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15];
 
var fn = mm.filter(['{1..10}', '![7-9]', '!{3..4}']);
arr.filter(fn);
//=> [1, 2, 5, 6, 10]

(Internally this function generates the matching function by using the matcher method. You can use the matcher method directly to create your own filter function)

.any

Returns true if a file path matches any of the given patterns.

mm.any(filepath, patterns, options);

Params

  • filepath {String}: The file path to test.
  • patterns {String|Array}: One or more glob patterns
  • options: {Object}: options to pass to the .matcher() method.

Example

mm.any('abc', ['!*z']);
//=> true
mm.any('abc', ['a*', 'z*']);
//=> true
mm.any('abc', 'a*');
//=> true
mm.any('abc', ['z*']);
//=> false

.expand

Returns an object with a regex-compatible string and tokens.

mm.expand('*.js');
 
// when `track` is enabled (for debugging), the `history` array is used
// to record each mutation to the glob pattern as it's converted to regex
{ options: { track: false, dot: undefined, makeRe: true, negated: false },
  pattern: '(.*\\/|^)bar\\/(?:(?!(?:^|\\/)\\.).)*?',
  history: [],
  tokens:
   { path:
      { whole: '**/bar/**',
        dirname: '**/bar/',
        filename: '**',
        basename: '**',
        extname: '',
        ext: '' },
     is:
      { glob: true,
        negated: false,
        globstar: true,
        dotfile: false,
        dotdir: false },
     match: {},
     original: '**/bar/**',
     pattern: '**/bar/**',
     base: '' } }

.makeRe

Create a regular expression for matching file paths based on the given pattern:

mm.makeRe('*.js');
//=> /^(?:(?!\.)(?=.)[^/]*?\.js)$/

Options

options.unixify

Normalize slashes in file paths and glob patterns to forward slashes.

Type: {Boolean}

Default: undefined on non-windows, true on windows.

options.dot

Match dotfiles. Same behavior as minimatch.

Type: {Boolean}

Default: false

options.unescape

Unescape slashes in glob patterns. Use cautiously, especially on windows.

Type: {Boolean}

Default: undefined

Example

mm.isMatch('abc', '\\a\\b\\c', {unescape: true});
//=> true

options.nodupes

Remove duplicate elements from the result array.

Type: {Boolean}

Default: undefined

Example

Example of using the unescape and nodupes options together:

mm.match(['abc', '\\a\\b\\c'], '\\a\\b\\c', {unescape: true});
//=> ['abc', 'abc']
 
mm.match(['abc', '\\a\\b\\c'], '\\a\\b\\c', {unescape: true, nodupes: true});
//=> ['abc']

options.matchBase

Allow glob patterns without slashes to match a file path based on its basename. . Same behavior as minimatch.

Type: {Boolean}

Default: false

Example

mm(['a/b.js', 'a/c.md'], '*.js');
//=> []
 
mm(['a/b.js', 'a/c.md'], '*.js', {matchBase: true});
//=> ['a/b.js']

options.nobraces

Don't expand braces in glob patterns. Same behavior as minimatch nobrace.

Type: {Boolean}

Default: undefined

See braces for more information about extended brace expansion.

options.nobrackets

Don't expand POSIX bracket expressions.

Type: {Boolean}

Default: undefined

See expand-brackets for more information about extended bracket expressions.

options.noextglob

Don't expand extended globs.

Type: {Boolean}

Default: undefined

See extglob for more information about extended globs.

options.nocase

Use a case-insensitive regex for matching files. Same behavior as minimatch.

Type: {Boolean}

Default: false

options.nonull

If true, when no matches are found the actual (array-ified) glob pattern is returned instead of an empty array. Same behavior as minimatch.

Type: {Boolean}

Default: false

options.cache

Cache the platform (e.g. win32) to prevent this from being looked up for every filepath.

Type: {Boolean}

Default: true

Other features

Micromatch also supports the following.

Extended globbing

extglobs

Extended globbing, as described by the bash man page:

pattern regex equivalent description
?(pattern-list) (...|...)? Matches zero or one occurrence of the given patterns
*(pattern-list) (...|...)* Matches zero or more occurrences of the given patterns
+(pattern-list) (...|...)+ Matches one or more occurrences of the given patterns
@(pattern-list) (...|...) * Matches one of the given patterns
!(pattern-list) N/A Matches anything except one of the given patterns

* @ isn't a RegEx character.

Powered by extglob. Visit that library for the full range of options or to report extglob related issues.

See extglob for more information about extended globs.

brace expansion

In simple cases, brace expansion appears to work the same way as the logical OR operator. For example, (a|b) will achieve the same result as {a,b}.

Here are some powerful features unique to brace expansion (versus character classes):

  • range expansion: a{1..3}b/*.js expands to: ['a1b/*.js', 'a2b/*.js', 'a3b/*.js']
  • nesting: a{c,{d,e}}b/*.js expands to: ['acb/*.js', 'adb/*.js', 'aeb/*.js']

Visit braces to ask questions and create an issue related to brace-expansion, or to see the full range of features and options related to brace expansion.

regex character classes

With the exception of brace expansion ({a,b}, {1..5}, etc), most of the special characters convert directly to regex, so you can expect them to follow the same rules and produce the same results as regex.

For example, given the list: ['a.js', 'b.js', 'c.js', 'd.js', 'E.js']:

  • [ac].js: matches both a and c, returning ['a.js', 'c.js']
  • [b-d].js: matches from b to d, returning ['b.js', 'c.js', 'd.js']
  • [b-d].js: matches from b to d, returning ['b.js', 'c.js', 'd.js']
  • a/[A-Z].js: matches and uppercase letter, returning ['a/E.md']

Learn about regex character classes.

regex groups

Given ['a.js', 'b.js', 'c.js', 'd.js', 'E.js']:

  • (a|c).js: would match either a or c, returning ['a.js', 'c.js']
  • (b|d).js: would match either b or d, returning ['b.js', 'd.js']
  • (b|[A-Z]).js: would match either b or an uppercase letter, returning ['b.js', 'E.js']

As with regex, parenthese can be nested, so patterns like ((a|b)|c)/b will work. But it might be easier to achieve your goal using brace expansion.

POSIX bracket expressions

Example

mm.isMatch('a1', '[[:alpha:][:digit:]]');
//=> true

See expand-brackets for more information about extended bracket expressions.

Notes

Whenever possible parsing behavior for patterns is based on globbing specifications in Bash 4.3. Patterns that aren't described by Bash follow wildmatch spec (used by git).

Benchmarks

Run the benchmarks:

node benchmark

As of October 03, 2015:

#1: basename-braces 
  micromatch x 26,420 ops/sec ±0.89% (91 runs sampled)
  minimatch x 3,507 ops/sec ±0.64% (97 runs sampled)
 
#2: basename 
  micromatch x 25,315 ops/sec ±0.82% (93 runs sampled)
  minimatch x 4,398 ops/sec ±0.86% (94 runs sampled)
 
#3: braces-no-glob 
  micromatch x 341,254 ops/sec ±0.78% (93 runs sampled)
  minimatch x 30,197 ops/sec ±1.12% (91 runs sampled)
 
#4: braces 
  micromatch x 54,649 ops/sec ±0.74% (94 runs sampled)
  minimatch x 3,095 ops/sec ±0.82% (95 runs sampled)
 
#5: immediate 
  micromatch x 16,719 ops/sec ±0.79% (95 runs sampled)
  minimatch x 4,348 ops/sec ±0.86% (96 runs sampled)
 
#6: large 
  micromatch x 721 ops/sec ±0.77% (94 runs sampled)
  minimatch x 17.73 ops/sec ±1.08% (50 runs sampled)
 
#7: long 
  micromatch x 5,051 ops/sec ±0.87% (97 runs sampled)
  minimatch x 628 ops/sec ±0.83% (94 runs sampled)
 
#8: mid 
  micromatch x 51,280 ops/sec ±0.80% (95 runs sampled)
  minimatch x 1,923 ops/sec ±0.84% (95 runs sampled)
 
#9: multi-patterns 
  micromatch x 22,440 ops/sec ±0.97% (94 runs sampled)
  minimatch x 2,481 ops/sec ±1.10% (94 runs sampled)
 
#10: no-glob 
  micromatch x 722,823 ops/sec ±1.30% (87 runs sampled)
  minimatch x 52,967 ops/sec ±1.09% (94 runs sampled)
 
#11: range 
  micromatch x 243,471 ops/sec ±0.79% (94 runs sampled)
  minimatch x 11,736 ops/sec ±0.82% (96 runs sampled)
 
#12: shallow 
  micromatch x 190,874 ops/sec ±0.98% (95 runs sampled)
  minimatch x 21,699 ops/sec ±0.81% (97 runs sampled)
 
#13: short 
  micromatch x 496,393 ops/sec ±3.86% (90 runs sampled)
  minimatch x 53,765 ops/sec ±0.75% (95 runs sampled)

Run tests

Install dev dependencies:

$ npm i -d && npm test

Contributing

Pull requests and stars are always welcome. For bugs and feature requests, please create an issue.

Please be sure to run the benchmarks before/after any code changes to judge the impact before you do a PR. thanks!

Related

Author

Jon Schlinkert

License

Copyright © 2014-2015 Jon Schlinkert Released under the MIT license.


This file was generated by verb-cli on October 03, 2015.

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npm i [email protected]

Version

2.3.6

License

MIT

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