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1.1.6 • Public • Published


User's Guide

Node.js CI Maintenance License: MIT

Table of Contents


What is it?

MaTheX2Java is a web application which translates in real-time LaTeX mathematic expressions to fully operational and well-structured Java code. This tool offers great functionalities by providing code flexibility due to its annotation feature which leverages even more the power of translation by permitting its users to customize translation details on how the Java code should be generated.

Note: MatheX2Java currently compiles and generates code according to version 2.1 of the amsmath package.

Who is it for?

Anyone. Well, anyone who likes mathematics. Mathematicians, physicists, programmers, scientists, etc, can all benefit from MaTheX2Java capabilities. The possibility of converting mathematic formulas written in LaTeX into real, executable code is of a great advantage, allowing non-experienced programming users to easily test and execute different formulas in real-time and without the effort of requiring any prior Java knowledge making it a widely usable tool for anyone interested in running commputations of LaTeX-defined math formmulas.

What does it offer?

  • Quality: the generated code is well-structured and correctly formatted due to the detailed translation process.
  • Easy-to-use: intuitive interaction within the application.
  • No Prior Java Knowledge: it is not required that an user has knowledge on how Java works in order to generate the executable code.
  • Dedicated Grammars: the tool is built on two dedicated grammars targeting the different use-cases an user may follow. This provides flexibility and scalability on maintaining and adding features to it.
  • Flexibility: allows a high degree of specification targeted on how the user wants the Java code to be generated, due to the annotations features.
  • Continuous Development: MaTheX2Java aims to be regularly updated with bug fixes, new and extended features, as well as continuous support for the development of the application.

What does it not offer?

  • Complete Support for LaTeX Symbols: only a subset of the supported LaTeX symbols are currently supported (list of supported symbols).
  • Reverse Translation: at the moment there are no plans to support the reverse translation workflow (Java code to LaTeX formulas).

Translation Examples

Below you can find two examples (both a simple and a complex one) to showcase some of the vast features this application offers and how the final translation looks like. Please address to the examples page of the application for more of these.

A simple one

This example presents basic functionalities of MaTheX2Java. In this case, it is requested the translation of a simple LaTeX equation which uses a factorial plus few other operations, including a cubic root function.

LaTeX code
% name : example
% return : int
result = (3+y)! + 7 \times 3 + z - \sqrt[3]{27}
Java code
import java.lang.Math;
import java.util.Arrays;

public class GeneratedAmsmath_30_9_2019_13_33_30 {

	public static int example(double y, double z){
		int result;
		result = (int) (factorial_MX2J((int)(3 + y)) + 7 * 3 + z - Math.pow(27, 1/3));
		return result;

	public static int factorial_MX2J(int n){
		if(n < 0)
			return 0;
		else if(n == 0)
			return 1;
			return (n * factorial_MX2J(n-1));
	public static void main(String[] args){
		// --- example ---
		double y = 1.0;
		double z = 1.0;

It can be observed that due to the annotation features of this application the user is free to specify the type of the equation's variables as well as the method's name or its return type.

Note: annotation features are optional. If none is specified, then default values will be assumed during the code generation.

A complex one

In this example, more complex features of MaTheX2Java are presented: the use of summations. It is shown that summations as well as nested summations are supported, and it automatically casts variables when it needs to (for instance, in the summation index variables).

LaTeX code
% name : myExampleEquation
a = \sum_{i = 0}^{1000}{ \sum_{j = 0}^{N}{  \sum_{k = 2}^{1000}{ j + i + k + c } } }
Java code
import java.lang.Math;
import java.util.Arrays;

public class GeneratedAmsmath_29_9_2019_20_47_19 {

	public static double myExampleEquation(int N, double c){
		double a;
		a = (double) (summation_MX2J_0(0, 1000, (int)N, c));
		return a;

	public static double summation_MX2J_0(int lowerBound, int upperBound, int N, double c){
		double sum = 0;
		int i = lowerBound;
		for(; i < upperBound; i++){
			sum += summation_MX2J_1(0, N, i, c);
		return sum;
	public static double summation_MX2J_1(int lowerBound, int N, int i, double c){
		double sum = 0;
		int j = lowerBound;
		for(; j < N; j++){
			sum += summation_MX2J_2(2, 1000, j, i, c);
		return sum;
	public static double summation_MX2J_2(int lowerBound, int upperBound, int j, int i, double c){
		double sum = 0;
		int k = lowerBound;
		for(; k < upperBound; k++){
			sum += j + i + k + c;
		return sum;
	public static void main(String[] args){
		// --- myExampleEquation ---
		int N = 1;
		double c = 1.0;

Note the use of the annotation feature to rename the default method to be generated to myExampleEquation.

Technologies Used

JavaScript Antlr4 ESLint Jest


Please refer to the CONTRIBUTION guide to start contributing to this project.


This project is licensed under the GPLv2 license. Check LICENSE for details.

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