0.7.1 • Public • Published


    Minimalist <video>/<audio> plugin for markdown-it, using image syntax.

    Inspired by markdown-it-html5-embed. Key differences:

    • Only supports image syntax: ![descriptive text](video.mp4), which is what the CommonMark folks seem to favor
    • Tokenizes video and audio to tokens of the 'video' and 'audio' type (useful for working with, e.g., rich text editors that process these tokens)
    • No library dependency for file type detection, just a simple extension check for commonly used video/audio formats.
    • Transpiled version: 10KB unminified vs. 169KB unminified

    Basic usage

    const md = require('markdown-it')();
    // Destructuring assignment; we also export UI messages & media type detection
    const { html5Media } = require('markdown-it-html5-media');


    <p><video src="video.mp4" controls class="html5-video-player">
    Your browser does not support playing HTML5 video.
    You can <a href="video.mp4" download>download the file</a> instead.
    Here is a description of the content: text

    Custom attributes

    You can pass any string that will be rendered instead of the default attributes shown above.

    // Init as above
    md.use(html5Media, {
      videoAttrs: 'class="my-video-css"',
      audioAttrs: 'class="my-audio-css" data-collapse'


    <p><video src="video.mp4" class="my-video-css">
    Your browser does not support playing HTML5 video.
    You can <a href="video.mp4" download>download the file</a> instead.
    <p><audio src="audio.mp3" class="my-audio-css" data-collapse>
    Your browser does not support playing HTML5 audio.
    You can <a href="audio.mp3" download>download the file</a> instead.

    Media type detection

    This module detects the media type by examining the file extension (case-insensitive). The valid audio and video extensions are defined here.

    If you need to perform an identical media type detection outside the module, you can import the guessMediaType function (docs):

    const { guessMediaType } = require('markdown-it-html5-media');

    Custom messages

    You can customize the fallback text. This text will only be shown to users whose browser does not support HTML5 video or audio at all. %s is used as a substitution marker for the filename or the description.

    // Init as above
    md.use(html5Media, {
      messages: {
        en: {
          'html5 video not supported':
            'Cannot play video.',
          'html5 audio not supported':
            'Cannot play audio.',
          'html5 media fallback link':
            'Download <a href="%s">file</a>.',
          'html5 media description':
            'Description: %s'      


    <p><video src="video.mp4" controls class="html5-video-player">
    Cannot play video.
    Download <a href="video.mp4">file</a>.
    Description: text

    If you only want to change some of the text, you can import the messages object from the module and partially alter its contents:

    const { html5Media, messages } = require('markdown-it-html5-media');
    messages.en['html5 vide not supported'] = 'Cannot play video.';


    Markdown-It supports passing along environment options, like so:

    md.render('![some text](video.mp4)', {
      language: 'en'

    This library will look up messages using the language key as in the example provided, or 'en' if none is provided. Only English messages are included with the library, and the built-in translation function falls back to English if a translation cannot be found.

    You can provide additional translations using the approach in the previous example, or you can override the internal translation function, like so:

    md.use(html5Media, { translateFn: someFunction });

    Function documentation:

     * @param {String} language
     *  a language code, typically an ISO 639-[1-3] code.
     * @param {String} messageKey
     *  an identifier for the message, typically a short descriptive text
     * @param {String[]} messageParams
     *  Strings to be substituted into the message using some pattern, e.g., %s or
     *  %1$s, %2$s. By default we only use a simple %s pattern.
     * @returns {String}
     *  the translation to use
    function translateFn(language, messageKey, messageParams) {
      // Your code here

    Anything else?

    The module is written in modern JavaScript. The version in dist/ is transpiled down to ES5 compatible with recent browsers. Use npm run build to update the build (does not change contents of dist; use npm run dist to build & dist).

    You can find the automatically generated documentation here. Use npm run docs to regenerate it (changes contents of docs, which is tracked).

    This library overrides Markdown-It's image tokenizer, which means that it duplicates portions of that particular Markdown-It code. If you can think of a better way to do what it does without scanning the whole token stream, please go ahead and file an issue or send a PR.

    Strings should be escaped where they ought to be, but see the provided tests for yourself. Use at your own risk. :)


    npm i markdown-it-html5-media

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