loopback4-query
TypeScript icon, indicating that this package has built-in type declarations

0.13.0 • Public • Published

loopback4-query

An enhanced query for loopback-next, which supports cascading queries through relational conditions.

Features

  • Facilitates cascading filter searches using where clauses (e.g., {where: {'relation_ab.relation_bc.relation_cd.attribute': 'specificValue'}}).
  • Ensures full compatibility with loopback-next's Where Filter.
  • Provides support for various relations including hasMany, belongsTo, hasOne, and hasManyThrough.
  • Incorporates Polymorphic Relations.
  • Supports multiple relational databases like PostgreSQL, MSSQL, MySQL, MariaDB, SQLite3, and Oracle. For unsupported databases, Mixin The Repository hands off to the native query method.
  • The access and findOne objects' loading loaded event isn't supported.

Install

npm:

npm install loopback4-query

Yarn:

yarn add loopback4-query

Getting Started

import {DefaultQuery, Query} from 'loopback4-query';

class SomeClass {
  query: Query<SomeEntity>;

  constructor(
    @repository(OrgRepository)
    public orgRepository: OrgRepository,
  ) {
    this.query = new DefaultQuery(this.orgRepository);
  }

  async findSomeEntity() {
    // Find all `users` that have access to `project` and include `projects` with `bleco` in their name.
    // CAUTION: `projects.name` condition must be the same as include `projects` condition.
    return this.query.find({
      where: {
        // Through the name condition of projects, cascade query Org.
        // But the result does not contain the associated object projects.
        // To include associated objects, use the include method.
        'projects.name': 'bleco',
        age: {
          gt: 10,
          lt: 20,
        },
      },
      include: [
        // Contains the associated object projects with the name condition of projects.
        {
          relation: 'projects',
          scope: {
            where: {
              name: 'bleco',
            },
          },
        },
      ],
    });
  }
}

DefaultQuery Overview

DefaultQuery facilitates model search queries utilizing relational cascading criteria.

How To Use

Initialization

You can instantiate DefaultQuery with a Repository instance, supporting include clause via repository inclusion resolvers:

new DefaultQuery(repository);

Alternatively, you can use a model class and a datasource instance. Note that the include clause isn't supported here:

new DefaultQuery(entityModel, datasourceInstance);

Inheriting QueryRepositoryMixin

Extends native find and findOne support for seamless cascading queries by mixing in Repository with QueryRepositoryMixin. (Note: find is not supported and findOne's access and loaded event)

method:

declare function QueryRepositoryMixin<
  M extends Entity,
  ID,
  Relations extends object,
  R extends MixinTarget<EntityCrudRepository<M, ID, Relations>>,
>(superClass: R, options: boolean | QueryMixinOptions = {});

parameter:

  • superClass: the inherited class
  • options: boolean | QueryMixinOptions: mixin options
    • overrideCruds: whether to override native CRUD methods, the default is false
export class FooRepository
  extends QueryRepositoryMixin<
    Foo,
    typeof Foo.prototype.id,
    FooRelations,
    Constructor<DefaultCrudRepository<Foo, typeof Foo.prototype.id, FooRelations>>
  >(DefaultCrudRepository, {overrideCruds: true})
  implements DefaultCrudRepository<Foo, typeof Foo.prototype.id, FooRelations>
{
  constructor(dataSource: juggler.DataSource) {
    super(Foo, dataSource);
  }
}

Using the @mixinQuery decorator

Syntax:

@mixinQuery(options: boolean | QueryMixinOptions = false)

parameter:

  • options: boolean | QueryMixinOptions: mixin options
    • overrideCruds: whether to override native CRUD methods, the default is false
@mixinQuery(true)
export class FooRepositoryWithQueryDecorated extends DefaultCrudRepository<Foo, typeof Foo.prototype.id> {
  constructor(dataSource: juggler.DataSource) {
    super(Foo, dataSource);
  }
}

export interface FooRepositoryWithQueryDecorated extends QueryRepository<Foo> {}

Applying the @query decorator

Syntax:

@query(modelOrRepo: string | Class<Repository<Model>> | typeof Entity, dataSource?: string | juggler.DataSource)

The @query decorator creates a new query instance by injecting an existing repository instance, or from a model and datasource.

Create a query instance in a controller, you can first define model and datasource, then import into controller, and use @query to inject

import {Query, query} from 'loopback4-query';
import {repository} from '@loopback/repository';

import {db} from '../datasources/db.datasource';
import {Todo} from '../models';

export class TodoController {
  @query(Todo, db)
  todoQuery: Query<Todo>;
  // ...
}

If model or datasource are already bound to app, they can be created by passing their names directly to the @query injector, as follows:

// with `db` and `Todo` already defined.
app.bind('datasources.db').to(db);
app.bind('models.Todo').to(Todo);

export class TodoController {
  @query('Todo', 'db')
  todoQuery: Query<Todo>;
  //etc
}

QueryEnhancedCrudRepository inherits from DefaultCrudRepository and implements mixinQuery

DefaultCrudRepository is the default CRUD interface implementation of loopback, which has all the functions of the CRUD interface. Most business repositories inherit from it.

Here we provide a class that inherits from DefaultCrudRepository and replaces QueryEnhancedCrudRepository of mixinQuery with Query replaces find, findOne and count native queries. For data sources that are not yet supported (such as non-relational databases), they will be passed directly to the native query.

Patching

For historical projects, it is not convenient to use Mixin or inheritance for refactoring. Therefore, we provide a Patching scheme that can be initialized in the application, not yet patching the DefaultCrudRepository before loading.

import {queryPatch} from 'loopback4-query';
import {DefaultCrudRepository} from '@loopback/repository';

export async function main(options: ApplicationConfig = {}) {
  // patching `DefaultCrudRepository`
  queryPatch(DefaultCrudRepository);

  const app = new TodoListApplication(options);
  await app.boot();
  await app.start();

  const url = app.restServer.url;
  console.log(`Server is running at ${url}`);
  return app;
}
queryPatch(repoClass): Patching a Repository class or instance
// patching a repository class
queryPatch(DefaultCrudRepository);

// patching a repository instance
queryPatch(repository);

// or patching self
class MyRepository extends DefaultCrudRepository<MyModel, typeof MyModel.prototype.id> {
  constructor(dataSource: juggler.DataSource) {
    super(MyModel, dataSource);
    queryPatch(this);
  }
}

Query API

export interface Query<T extends Entity, Relations extends object = {}> {
  entityClass: EntityClass<T>;

  /**
   * Find matching records
   *
   * @param filter - Query filter
   * @param options - Options for the operations
   * @returns A promise of an array of records found
   */
  find(filter?: QueryFilter<T>, options?: Options): Promise<(T & Relations)[]>;

  /**
   * Find one record that matches filter specification. Same as find, but limited to one result; Returns object, not collection.
   *
   * @param filter - Query filter
   * @param options - Options for the operations
   * @returns A promise of a record found
   */
  findOne(filter?: QueryFilter<T>, options?: Options): Promise<(T & Relations) | null>;

  /**
   * Count matching records
   * @param where - Matching criteria
   * @param options - Options for the operations
   * @returns A promise of number of records matched
   */
  count(where?: QueryWhere<T>, options?: Options): Promise<{count: number}>;
}

QueryFilter

Compatible with loopback native Filter. Extended support for cascading paths as where children query condition.

  • query with LEFT JOIN

    {
      where: {
        'relation_a.relation_b.property': 'some value',
      },
    }
  • query with LEFT JOIN like INNER JOIN

    {
      where: {
        'relation_a.relation_b.id': {neq: null},
      },
    }
  • Use $join for relational queries (using LEFT JOIN)

    {
      where: {
        $join: 'relation_a.relation_b',
      },
    }

    Or define multiple relationships at the same time

    {
      where: {
        $join: ['relation_a.relation_b', 'relation_c.relation_d'],
      },
    }
  • Use $expr for filtering queries between fields

    • Comparing two values:

      {
        where: {
          $expr: {
            eq: [1, 0],
          },
        },
      }
    • Field to value:

      {
        where: {
          $expr: {
            eq: ['$joination_a.relation_b.property', 'some value'],
          },
        },
      }
    • Value to field:

      {
        where: {
          $expr: {
            eq: ['some value', '$joination_a.relation_b.property'],
          },
        },
      }
    • Field to field:

      {
        where: {
          $expr: {
            eq: ['$joination_a.relation_b.property', '$joination_c.relation_d.property'],
          },
        },
      }
  • Polymorphic Relations Query. For details, please refer to the relevant Test Case.

    {
      where: {
        'deliverables(Letter).property': 'some value',
      },
    }

For example, there are the following models:

// user.model.ts
@model()
export class User extends Entity {
  @property({
    type: 'number',
    id: true,
    generated: true,
  })
  id?: number;

  @property({
    type: 'string',
  })
  email?: string;

  @hasMany(() => Org, {through: {model: () => OrgUser}})
  orgs: Org[];

  constructor(data?: Partial<User>) {
    super(data);
  }
}
// org.model.ts
@model()
export class Org extends Entity {
  @property({
    type: 'number',
    id: true,
    generated: true,
  })
  id: number;

  @property({
    type: 'string',
  })
  name: string;

  @hasMany(() => User, {through: {model: () => OrgUser}})
  users: User[];

  @hasMany(() => Proj, {keyTo: 'org_id'})
  projs: Proj[];

  constructor(data?: Partial<Org>) {
    super(data);
  }
}
// proj.model.ts
@model()
export class Proj extends Entity {
  @property({
    type: 'number',
    id: true,
    generated: true,
  })
  id: number;

  @property({
    type: 'string',
  })
  name: string;

  @property({
    type: 'string',
  })
  title?: string;

  @belongsTo(() => Org, {name: 'org'})
  org_id?: number;

  constructor(data?: Partial<Proj>) {
    super(data);
  }
}
  • Find all users that have access to organizations with bleco in their name:
const userQuery = new DefaultQuery(userRepository);

const users = await userQuery.find({
  where: {
    'orgs.name': {
      like: '%bleco%',
    },
  },
});
  • Find all users that have access to projects with bleco in their name:
const userQuery = new DefaultQuery(userRepository);

const users = await userQuery.find({
  where: {
    'orgs.projs.title': {
      like: '%bleco%',
    },
  },
});

Thanks

License

MIT

Package Sidebar

Install

npm i loopback4-query

Weekly Downloads

19

Version

0.13.0

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

243 kB

Total Files

123

Last publish

Collaborators

  • towyuan