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loopback-ds-tree-mixin

0.0.20 • Public • Published

loopback-ds-tree-mixin

This module is designed for the Strongloop Loopback framework. It provides a mixin that makes it easy to transform a model into a tree using the Array of Ancestors pattern, more info here

Some notes

  • This module has only been tested to work with MongoDB. Feel free to test it on other Databases and PR if something needs to be added.
  • At the moment only some basic features are covered, like get the tree and create nodes. More features will be added down the road

Installation

npm install loopback-ds-tree-mixin

server.js

In your server/server.js file add the following line before the boot(app, __dirname); line.

...
var app = module.exports = loopback();
...
// Add Readonly Mixin to loopback
require('loopback-ds-tree-mixin')(app);
...

CONFIG

To use with your Models add the mixins attribute to the definition object of your model config.

{
    "name": "Categories",
    "properties": {
        "category": "String",
        "description": "String"
 
    },
    "mixins": {
        "Tree": {}
    }
}

USAGE

The module returns a promise for each call.

Simple example, get the entire tree

var Category = app.models.Category;
Category.asTree({})
  .then(function (results) {
  console.log(results);
})
  .catch(function (err) {
    console.log(err);
  });

Get all children of a given parent. We can pass a query in the form of an object {id : 1} or {category:'books'} or any valid loopback query. The where property is added to your object. You can also pass a string like 1 which has to be the parent ID or you can pass an object containing the property id (like the entire parent model)

var Category = app.models.Category;
Category.asTree({category : 'Books'})
  .then(function (results) {
  console.log(results);
});
var Category = app.models.Category;
Category.asTree('5616204f1c6a443c256c7a2f')
  .then(function (results) {
  console.log(results);
});
var Category = app.models.Category;
Category.findOne({where : {category : 'Books'}})
.then(function(Parent) {
//note, that we will use the Parent.id in our query to locate children
  Category.asTree(Parent)
    .then(function (results) {
    console.log(results);
  });
});

Some cool options

There are times where you want the children attached to the parent. In this case we can use the withParent option

var Category = app.models.Category;
Category.asTree('5616204f1c6a443c256c7a2f',{withParent:true})
  .then(function (results) {
  //the results will contain the parent
  /*{
    "category" : "Parent category",
    "children" : [....]
  }*/
  console.log(results);
});

In some (not so rare) cases you may need to perform complex operations on the tree, or you may need a quick reference to all nodes. A quick solution is to have the entire tree in a flat form where each element is connected by reference (because javascript) to the appropriate node. To achieve this we use the returnEverything option. We will get back an object containing both the tree and a flat array

var Category = app.models.Category;
Category.asTree('5616204f1c6a443c256c7a2f',{returnEverything:true})
  .then(function (results) {
  //the results will contain the parent
  /*
  returns {tree: treeStructuredArray, flat: aFlatArrayOfTheTree}
  */
  console.log(results);
});

API

The mixin adds a /asTree end point to your model. It takes 2 parameters, the parent query ({"category":"Books"}) and the options object. Only the parent query is required

Adding nodes

To add a node you need to provide the parent and the node.

//Example providing a query object as parent
var Category = app.models.Category;
  Category.addNode({permalink: 'a-category'},
    {
      category : 'A sub category',
      permalink : 'a-sub-category',
      active : true
    })
    .then(function (newItem) {
      console.log(newItem);
    })
    .catch(function (err) {
      console.log('Err', err);
    });

Again, you can provide an object, a string or a loopback model as a parent, just like the asTree() method.

//Example providing a string ID as parent
var Category = app.models.Category;
  Category.addNode('5616204f1c6a443c256c7a2f',
    {
      category : 'A sub category',
      permalink : 'a-sub-category',
      active : true
    })
    .then(function (newItem) {
      console.log(newItem);
    })
    .catch(function (err) {
      console.log('Err', err);
    });
//Example providing a loopback model as parent
var Category = app.models.Category;
Category.findOne({where : {category : 'Books'}})
.then(function(Parent) {
  Category.addNode(Parent,
    {
      category : 'A sub category',
      permalink : 'a-sub-category',
      active : true
    })
    .then(function (newItem) {
      console.log(newItem);
    })
});

API

The mixin adds a /addNode end point to your model. It takes 2 parameters, the parent query ({"category":"Books"}) and the new node object. Both parameters are required

Deleting nodes

You can safely delete a node via the deleteNode method. By safely we mean that you can be sure that the children will be handled accordingly. If a node has X amount of children, and you just delete it via the loopback API, then all the children still point to that parent. By using the deleteNode method, you ensure that these children will become orphaned so that you can take care of them later on as you please. You can also delete the parent along with the children in one call by adding the withChildren option. Just as above, you can locate the node you want to delete either as an ID string, a loopback query or a loopback model.

//Default operation. all children will become orphaned
//set withChildren to true to delete the children along with the parent
var Category = app.models.Category;
Category.deleteNode({category : 'Books'},{withChildren:false})
.then(function(result) {
    //True if all went well
})
.catch(function(err){
 
});

API

The mixin adds a /deleteNode end point to your model. It takes 2 parameters, the node query ({"category":"Books"}) and the options object. Only the first parameter is required

Moving nodes

Moving a node consists of the following actions :

  • Find the node
  • Find the parent
  • Make the node a child of the parent
  • Update all (if any) of the nodes children to the new path
var Category = app.models.Category;
//move category sci-fi under the category books
Category.moveNode({permalink: 'sci-fi'},{permalink: 'Books'})
.then(function(result) {
    //get the sci-fi category back with the path updated
})
.catch(function(err){
 
});

API

The mixin adds a /moveNode end point to your model. It takes 2 parameters, the node query ({"category":"Books"}) and the parent query object (same as node). Both parameters are required

Saving a json tree

In some cases you might need to update the entire tree based on a json representation. Maybe your front-end sends the json of the tree after the user has finished re-ordering it. Assuming that the tree is formed more or less as it is in your model, and that the children nodes live in a children array, you can pass this json and the mixin will update your DB accordingly.

Notes

  • ONLY parent - ancestors are updated. Updating other properties is risky when considering that every model is different.
  • On a front-end we usually show just a part of the tree, root nodes are hidden from the user in most cases. If that is true, then you need to pass the option prependRoot to the method (as usually, can be a query, stringID or model). If you don't do this, then the tree will break
  • This is feature is not 100% solid. It worked on many test cases but as most front-end plugins transform the JSON they produce, there might be several cases where this fails.
var Category = app.models.Category;
//req.body.tree is the JSON representation
//req.body.prependRoot is the root i want to append
Category.saveJsonTree(req.body.tree,{prependRoot : req.body.prependRoot || false})
      .then(function (result) {
        res.send(result);
      })
      .catch(function (err) {
 
      });

API

The mixin adds a /saveJsonTree end point to your model. It takes 2 parameters, the JSON tree (valid Array tree) and the options object. Only the first parameter is required.

Events

The mixin emits events on the loopback Event bus for certain operations.

  • lbTree.add.success when a node was added. Returns the new node
  • lbTree.move.before Just before start the moving operation. Return the previous parent, the new parent and the node.
  • lbTree.move.after After the moving operation. Return the previous parent, the new parent and the node.
  • lbTree.move.childrenFound During the move when we have found all the children. Return the children.
  • lbTree.move.parent During the move we have the parent. Returns the parent.
  • lbTree.move.newPath The new path after the move ended. Returns the node.
  • lbTree.delete Node deleted. Returns {success : true/false}
  • lbTree.saveJsTree When a JSTree operations is done. Returns the tree
var Category = app.models.Category;
 
Category.on('lbTree.move.childrenFound',function(children){
    console.log("childrenFound",children);
});
Category.on('lbTree.move.parent',function(children){
    console.log("parent",children);
});

TESTING

Install dev dependencies:

npm i -D

Run tests:

npm test

Install

npm i loopback-ds-tree-mixin

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

9

Version

0.0.20

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

66.6 kB

Total Files

17

Last publish

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