looks-same
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9.0.0 • Public • Published

LooksSame

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Node.js library for comparing images, taking into account human color perception. It is created specially for the needs of visual regression testing for hermione utility, but can be used for other purposes.

Supported image formats

JPEG, PNG, WebP, GIF, AVIF, TIFF and SVG images are supported.

Note: If you want to compare jpeg files, you may encounter random differences due to the jpeg structure if they are not lossless jpeg files.

Comparing images

const looksSame = require('looks-same');

// equal will be true, if images looks the same
const {equal} = await looksSame('image1.png', 'image2.png');

Parameters can be paths to files or buffer with compressed image.

By default, it will detect only noticeable differences. If you wish to detect any difference, use strict options:

const {equal} = await looksSame('image1.png', 'image2.png', {strict: true});

You can also adjust the ΔE value that will be treated as error in non-strict mode:

const {equal} = await looksSame('image1.png', 'image2.png', {tolerance: 5});

Default tolerance in non-strict mode is 2.3 which is enough for the most cases. Setting tolerance to 0 will produce the same result as strict: true, but strict mode is faster. Attempt to set tolerance in strict mode will produce an error.

Some devices can have different proportion between physical and logical screen resolutions also known as pixel ratio. Default value for this proportion is 1. This param also affects the comparison result, so it can be set manually with pixelRatio option.

const {equal} = await looksSame('image1.png', 'image2.png', {pixelRatio: 2});

Comparing images with ignoring caret

Text caret in text input elements it is a pain for visual regression tasks, because it is always blinks. These diffs will be ignored by default. You can use ignoreCaret option with false value to disable ignoring such diffs. In that way text caret will be marked as diffs.

const {equal} = await looksSame('image1.png', 'image2.png', {ignoreCaret: true});

Both strict and ignoreCaret can be set independently of one another.

Comparing images with ignoring antialiasing

Some images has difference while comparing because of antialiasing. These diffs will be ignored by default. You can use ignoreAntialiasing option with false value to disable ignoring such diffs. In that way antialiased pixels will be marked as diffs. Read more about anti-aliasing algorithm.

const {equal} = await looksSame('image1.png', 'image2.png', {ignoreAntialiasing: true});

Sometimes the antialiasing algorithm can work incorrectly due to some features of the browser rendering engine. Use the option antialiasingTolerance to make the algorithm less strict. With this option you can specify the minimum difference in brightness (zero by default) between the darkest/lightest pixel (which is adjacent to the antialiasing pixel) and theirs adjacent pixels.

We recommend that you don't increase this value above 10. If you need to increase more than 10 then this is definitely not antialiasing.

Example:

const {equal} = await looksSame('image1.png', 'image2.png', {ignoreAntialiasing: true, antialiasingTolerance: 3});

Getting diff bounds

Looksame returns information about diff bounds. It returns only first pixel if you passed stopOnFirstFail option with true value. The whole diff area would be returned if stopOnFirstFail option is not passed or it's passed with false value.

Getting diff clusters

Looksame returns diff bounds divided into clusters if option shouldCluster passed with true value. Moreover you can pass clusters size using clustersSize option.

// {
//     equal: false,
//     diffBounds: {left: 10, top: 10, right: 20, bottom: 20}
//     diffClusters: [
//         {left: 10, top: 10, right: 14, bottom: 14},
//         {left: 16, top: 16, right: 20, bottom: 20}
//     ]
// }
const {equal, diffBounds, diffClusters} = await looksSame('image1.png', 'image2.png', {shouldCluster: true, clustersSize: 10});

Building diff image

await looksSame.createDiff({
    reference: '/path/to/reference/image.png',
    current: '/path/to/current/image.png',
    diff: '/path/to/save/diff/to.png',
    highlightColor: '#ff00ff', // color to highlight the differences
    strict: false, // strict comparsion
    tolerance: 2.5,
    antialiasingTolerance: 0,
    ignoreAntialiasing: true, // ignore antialising by default
    ignoreCaret: true // ignore caret by default
});

Building diff image as a Buffer

If you don't want the diff image to be written on disk, then simply don't pass any diff: path to the createDiff method. The method will then resolve a Buffer containing the diff. You can also specify buffer format with extension key. Default extension is png. List of supported formats: heic, heif, avif, jpeg, jpg, png, raw, tiff, tif, webp, gif, jp2, jpx, j2k, j2c

const buffer = await looksSame.createDiff({
    // exactly same options as above, but with optional extension and without diff
    extension: 'png'
});

Comparing images and creating diff image simultaneously

If you need both co compare images and create diff image, you can pass option createDiffImage: true, it would work faster than two separate function calls:

const {
    equal,
    diffImage,
    differentPixels,
    totalPixels,
    diffBounds,
    diffClusters
} = await looksSame('image1.png', 'image2.png', {createDiffImage: true});

if (!equal) {
    await diffImage.save('diffImage.png');
}

Comparing colors

If you just need to compare two colors you can use colors function:

const equal = looksSame.colors(
    {R: 255, G: 0, B: 0},
    {R: 254, G: 1, B: 1},
    {tolerance: 2.5}
);

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