npm

Need private packages and team management tools?Check out npm Orgs. »

lmth

6.3.0 • Public • Published

lmth

lmth is a "type-safe" HTML DSL for JavaScript environments with an emphasis on "being fast", whatever that means. It can output HTML either as a string, or as a DOM tree. All text content is also auto-escaped by default, so you don't have to worry 'bout nuthin' (unless you want to). It's just JavaScript functions all the way down!

Also, there's no build or compile step for the browser: just drop in lmth.min.js, and start using it immediately. lmth supports most, if not all available HTML5 elements[*][1].

lmth can be considered a spiritual successor to pithy, and a cousin of sorts to hyperscript.

(In case you were curious, the string 'lmth' is 'HTML' backwards).

Usage

lmth is magic, and uses the Do What I Mean paradigm, so it'll probably work however you try to use it:

    'use strict';
    var l = require('lmth');
 
    // Quick gist:
    var html = l.main({id: 'main'}, [
        l.h1(null, 'Hello, world!'),
        l.img({src: '/foo.png'})
    ]);
    // To a string:
    html.render();
    // => <main id="main"><h1>Hello, world!</h1><img src="/foo.png"></main>
 
    // To a DOM tree:
    html.toDOM();

Usage in the Browser

    <!DOCTYPE html>
    <html>
        <head>
            <meta charset="utf-8">
            <!-- One file drop-in! Look ma, no build! -->
            <script src="/path/to/lmth.min.js"></script> 
        </head>
        <body>
            <script>
                'use strict';
                var html = lmth.main({id: 'main'}, [
                    lmth.h1(null, 'Hello, world!'),
                    lmth.img({src: '/foo.png'})
                ]);
 
                document.body.appendChild(html.toDOM());
            </script> 
        </body>
    </html>

More Examples Than You'll Probably Ever Need

If you'd like any of these examples to return you a working DOM tree, just call .toDOM instead of .render.

    'use strict';
    var l = require('lmth');
 
    // Basic:
    l.div().render();
    // => <div></div>
 
    // Ids and classes:
    l.div('#id-name.class-name-1.class-name-2').render();
    // => <div id="id-name" class="class-name-1 class-name-2"></div>
 
    // Ids, classes and content:
    l.div('#id-name.class-name-1', 'content').render();
    // => <div id="id-name" class="class-name-1">text content</div>
 
    // Content-only:
    l.div(null, 'content').render();
    // => <div>content</div>
 
    // Content-only, auto-escaped:
    l.div(null, '<>"\'').render();
    // => <div>&lt;&gt;&quot;&apos;</div>
 
 
    // Ids, classes, content and children:
    l.div('#id-name', 'content', [
        l.p(null, 'Hello, world!')
    ]).render();
    // => <div id="id-name">content<p>Hello, world!</p></div>
 
    // Raw strings can be inserted as children:
    l.div([
        'Hi there!',
        l.span('#id-name')
    ]).render();
    // => <div>Hi there!<span id="id-name"></span></div>
 
    // Attribute objects:
    l.div({'data-id': 1, role: 'main'}).render();
    // => <div data-id="1" role="main"></div>
    // Even falsy values are passed-through (and converted into strings):
    l.span({'my-attribute': ''}).render();
    // => <span my-attribute=""></span>
    l.span({'my-attribute': 0}).render();
    // => <span my-attribute="0"></span>
 
    // Special syntax for classes in an attribute object: they can either
    // be an array of strings, of a space-separated list of strings (N.B.:
    // the `.class-name-1.class-name-2` dot format isn't supported - nor is
    // `#id-name` for ids. Just use the id/class name without that leading
    // '#' or '.' respectively.
    l.button({id: 'signup-button', class: ['btn', 'big-btn']}).render();
    // or
    l.button({id: 'signup-button', class: 'btn big-btn'}).render();
    // => <button id="signup-button" class="btn big-btn"></button>
 
    // Stylesheets as objects (please prefer using real stylesheets[\*][2]):
    l.div({style: {color: 'blue', 'background-color': 'white'}}, 'Hello, world').render();
    // => <div style="color:blue;background-color:white">Hello, world</div>
 
    // Boolean attribute support: if a known-boolean attribute from the
    // HTML5 spec is encountered, it is displayed or not displayed based on
    // whether it is `true` or `false`. All other values (including other
    // falsy ones) are passed-through (and converted into strings):
    l.input({autofocus: true}).render();
    // => <input autofocus="autofocus">
    l.input({autofocus: false}).render();
    // => <input>
    l.input({autofocus: 1}).render();
    // => <input autofocus="1">
    l.input({autofocus: ''}).render();
    // => <input autofocus="">
 
    // Of course, any and all of the above work with content and children.
    // Mix and match 'till your heart's content:
    l.div({id: 'id-name', class: 'class-name-1 class-name-2', style: {'margin-left': '1em'}}, 'content', [
        l.p(null, 'chrisdotcode is pretty cool')
    ]).render();
    // => <div id="id-name" class="class-name-1 class-name-2" style="margin-left:1em">content<p>chrisdotcode is pretty cool</p></div>
 
    // Need more elements? Cool, make your own:
    var mirrorElement = Node.createElement('mirror');
    // Use it just like any other!
    mirrorElement('#hero.centered', 'content').render();
    // <mirror id="hero" class="centered">content</mirror>
 
    // If your element is self-closing, you can pass that option:
    var mirrorElement = Node.createElement('mirror', {isVoid: true});
    mirrorElement('#hero.centered', 'content').render();
    // <mirror id="hero" class="centered">
 
    // If you'd like to attach your element to your `lmth` object directly,
    // I'd suggest using `addElement`:
    l.addElement('mirror');
    l.mirror('#hero.centered', 'content').render();
    // <mirror id="hero" class="centered">content</mirror>

Install

    $ npm install lmth

Conditionals

It's just JavaScript functions! Just use an if statement:

    'use strict';
    var l = require('lmth');
 
    function getHomePage(isLoggedIn) {
        return (isLoggedIn
            ? l.div(null, 'Welcome back!')
            : l.div(null, 'Please log in.')
        ).render();
    }
 
    console.log(getHomePage(true));
    // => <div>Welcome back!</div>
    console.log(getHomePage(false));
    // => <div>Please log in.</div>

Iteration

It's just JavaScript functions! Use .maps, .forEaches, or for loops if you really, really wanted to:

    'use strict';
    var l = require('lmth');
 
    var names = [
        'chrisdotcode',
        'Chris Blake',
        'lmth',
        'mirror'
    ];
 
    console.log(
        l.ul(names.map(name => l.li(null, name)))
        .render()
    ) 
    // => <ul><li>chrisdotcode</li><li>Chris Blake</li><li>lmth</li><li>mirror</li></ul>

Partials

Still just JavaScript functions. Use function composition:

    'use strict';
    var l = require('lmth');
 
    function layout(title, body) {
        return l.html([
            l.head([ l.title(null, title) ]),
            l.body([
                body,
                l.footer(null, 'By chrisdotcode')
            ])
        ]).render();
    }
 
    function pageBody(user) {
        return l.div(null, 'Hi, ' + user.name);
    }
 
    console.log(layout('User page', pageBody({name: 'Chris Blake'})));
    // => <html><head><title>User page</title></head><body><div>Hi, Chris Blake</div><footer>By chrisdotcode</footer></body></html>

Template Recursion

You get the idea. Use function composition:

    'use strict';
    var l = require('lmth');
 
    var comments = [
        {
            message: 'First!',
            replies: [
                {
                    message: 'Second!',
                    replies: []
                }
            ]
        },
        {
            message: 'Thanks for posting this!',
            replies: [
                {
                    message: 'Thanks for posting \'thanks for posting this!\'!',
                    replies: [
                        {
                            message: 'Thanks for posting thanking for posting \'thanks for posting this!\'!',
                            replies: []
                        }
                    ]
                }
            ]
        }
    ];
 
    function renderComments(replies) {
        return l.ul(null, replies.map(reply =>
            l.li(null, reply.message, renderComments(reply.replies))
        )).render();
    }
 
    console.log(renderComments(comments));
    // => XXX

Motivation

Manually concating HTML content as strings is painful. Even jQuery gets this wrong, because you still have to create nodes with string literals, still need closing tags, and could easily misspell an element's name.

Manually creating DOM elements isn't too fun either. It's too verbose and generally requires the creation of too many intermediate variables.

HyperScript is a step in the right direction, but still opts for (string typing)[http://c2.com/cgi/wiki?StringlyTyped]; I want (to get as close to) all the compile-time errors as I can get, as opposed to silent failures, or adding new elements on typos (l.div vs.h('div')`).

So clearly there's a problem here: we've got no type-safety (as much as you can have types in JavaScript, bear with me), and we're either quick and dirty, or extremely verbose. lmth takes the straight and narrow: not only is it easy to work with (if you've read even one of the examples above, you can probably use 99% of it with no problems), but it also affords you a lot of convenience with things like automatic DOM node creation and conversion and HTML escaping.

To formalize, use lmth if you want:

  • To not have to think about manually manipulating the DOM
  • To not have to work with string munging
  • To get runtime errors instead of silent undefined behaviors on typos (l.div vs. h('div')).
  • To work on any platform that UMD supports (browsers, Node.js, etc.)
  • A one-file, minified drop-in solution that doesn't require a build or compile step for browser-like environments
  • To not have to worry about HTML escaping
  • To be able to leverage the full power of JavaScript in your templates
  • To not have to learn another framework, paradigm, etc. lmth is just JavaScript functions!

install

npm i lmth

Downloadsweekly downloads

9

version

6.3.0

license

BSD-3-Clause

homepage

github.com

repository

Gitgithub

last publish

collaborators

  • avatar
Report a vulnerability