ldap-authentication
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3.2.1 • Public • Published

A Simple node Library that Authenticates a User Against an LDAP/AD Server

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Goal

Make authentication with an LDAP server easy.

Description

This library use ldapjs as the underneath library. It has three modes of authentications:

  1. Admin authenticate mode. If an admin user is provided, the library will login (ldap bind) with the admin user, then search for the user to be authenticated, get its DN (distinguish name), then use the user DN and password to login again. If every thing is ok, the user details will be returned.

  2. Self authenticate mode. If the admin user is not provided, then the userDn and userPassword must be provided. If any of userSearchBase or usernameAttribute is missing, then the lib simply does a login with the userDn and userPassword (ldap bind), and returns true if succeeds.

    Otherwise, the lib does a login with the userDn and userPassword (ldap bind), then does a search on the user and return the user's details.

  3. Verify user exists. If an verifyUserExists : true is provided, the library will login (ldap bind) with the admin user, then search for the user to be verified. If the user exists, user details will be returned (without verifying the user's password).

Features

  • Can use an admin to search and authenticate a user
  • Can also use a regular user and authenticate the user itself
  • Supports ldap, ldaps, and STARTTLS
  • Async/Await Promise

Usage

Installation

npm install ldap-authentication --save

Examples

User authenticate without getting user details

let authenticated = await authenticate({
  ldapOpts: { url: 'ldap://ldap.forumsys.com' },
  userDn: 'uid=gauss,dc=example,dc=com',
  userPassword: 'password',
})

User authenticate and return user details

let authenticated = await authenticate({
  ldapOpts: { url: 'ldap://ldap.forumsys.com' },
  userDn: 'uid=gauss,dc=example,dc=com',
  userPassword: 'password',
  userSearchBase: 'dc=example,dc=com',
  usernameAttribute: 'uid',
  username: 'gauss',
  attributes: ['dn', 'sn', 'cn'],
})

User exists verification and return user details (without user's password)

let authenticated = await authenticate({
  ldapOpts: { url: 'ldap://ldap.forumsys.com' },
  userDn: 'uid=gauss,dc=example,dc=com',
  verifyUserExists: true,
  userSearchBase: 'dc=example,dc=com',
  usernameAttribute: 'uid',
  username: 'gauss',
})

User authenticate and return user details with groups

let authenticated = await authenticate({
  ldapOpts: { url: 'ldap://ldap.forumsys.com' },
  userDn: 'uid=gauss,dc=example,dc=com',
  userPassword: 'password',
  userSearchBase: 'dc=example,dc=com',
  usernameAttribute: 'uid',
  username: 'gauss',
  groupsSearchBase: 'dc=example,dc=com',
  groupClass: 'groupOfUniqueNames',
  groupMemberAttribute: 'uniqueMember',
  // groupMemberUserAttribute: 'dn'
})

Complete example

const { authenticate } = require('ldap-authentication')

async function auth() {
  // auth with admin
  let options = {
    ldapOpts: {
      url: 'ldap://ldap.forumsys.com',
      // tlsOptions: { rejectUnauthorized: false }
    },
    adminDn: 'cn=read-only-admin,dc=example,dc=com',
    adminPassword: 'password',
    userPassword: 'password',
    userSearchBase: 'dc=example,dc=com',
    usernameAttribute: 'uid',
    username: 'gauss',
    // starttls: false
  }

  let user = await authenticate(options)
  console.log(user)

  // auth with regular user
  options = {
    ldapOpts: {
      url: 'ldap://ldap.forumsys.com',
      // tlsOptions: { rejectUnauthorized: false }
    },
    userDn: 'uid=einstein,dc=example,dc=com',
    userPassword: 'password',
    userSearchBase: 'dc=example,dc=com',
    usernameAttribute: 'uid',
    username: 'einstein',
    // starttls: false
  }

  user = await authenticate(options)
  console.log(user)
}

auth()

Parameters

  • ldapOpts: This is passed to ldapjs client directly
    • url: url of the ldap server. Example: ldap://ldap.forumsys.com
    • tlsOptions: options to pass to node tls. Example: { rejectUnauthorized: false }
    • connectTimeout: Int. Default: 5000. Connect timeout in ms
  • adminDn: The DN of the admistrator. Example: cn=read-only-admin,dc=example,dc=com,
  • adminPassword: The password of the admin.
  • userDn: The DN of the user to be authenticated. This is only needed if adminDn and adminPassword are not provided. Example: uid=gauss,dc=example,dc=com
  • userPassword: The password of the user
  • verifyUserExists : if true user existence will be verified without password
  • userSearchBase: The ldap base DN to search the user. Example: dc=example,dc=com
  • usernameAttribute: The ldap search equality attribute name corresponding to the user's username. It will be used with the value in username to construct an ldap filter as ({attribute}={username}) to find the user and get user details in LDAP. In self authenticate mode (userDn and userPassword are provided, but not adminDn and adminPassword), if this value is not set, then authenticate will return true right after user bind succeed. No user details from LDAP search will be performed and returned. Example: uid
  • username: The username to authenticate with. It is used together with the name in usernameAttribute to construct an ldap filter as ({attribute}={username}) to find the user and get user details in LDAP. Example: some user input
  • attributes: A list of attributes of a user details to be returned from the LDAP server. If is set to [] or ommited, all details will be returned. Example: ['sn', 'cn']
  • starttls: Boolean. Use STARTTLS or not
  • groupsSearchBase: if specified with groupClass, will serve as search base for authenticated user groups
  • groupClass: if specified with groupsSearchBase, will be used as objectClass in search filter for authenticated user groups
  • groupMemberAttribute: if specified with groupClass and groupsSearchBase, will be used as member name (if not specified this defaults to member) in search filter for authenticated user groups
  • groupMemberUserAttribute: if specified with groupClass and groupsSearchBase, will be used as the attribute on the user object (if not specified this defaults to dn) in search filter for authenticated user groups

Returns

The user object if authenticate() is success.

In version 2, The user object has a raw field that has the raw data from the LDAP/AD server. It can be used to access buffer objects (profile pics for example).

Buffer data can now be accessed by user.raw.profilePhoto, etc, instead of user.profilePhoto.

In version 3, the raw field is no longer used. Instead, append ;binary to the attributes you want to get back as buffer. Check the following example on how to get a user's profile photo:

export async function verifyLogin(email: string, password: string) {

  const options = {
   //...other config options
    userPassword: password,
    username: email,
    attributes: ['thumbnailPhoto;binary', 'givenName', 'sn', 'sAMAccountName', 'userPrincipalName', 'memberOf' ]
  };

  try {
    const ldapUser = await authenticate(options);

    if (!ldapUser) {
      return { error: "user not found" };
    }

    // accessing the image
    const profilePhoto = ldapUser['thumbnailPhoto;binary'];

    /* using the image
	<img src={`data:image/*;base64,${user.profilePhoto}`} />
    */
    return { user: ldapUser };
  }
}

Supported Node Versions

Version 2 supports Node version 12, 14, 15, 16, 17 and 18.

Version 3 supports Node version 16, 17, 18, 20 and 22,

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Install

npm i ldap-authentication

Weekly Downloads

5,788

Version

3.2.1

License

BSD-2-Clause

Unpacked Size

49.5 kB

Total Files

19

Last publish

Collaborators

  • shaozi