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knockout-decorators

2.0.0 • Public • Published

Knockout Decorators

Decorators for use Knockout JS in TypeScript and ESNext environments

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Example

import { observable, computed, component } from "knockout-decorators";
 
@component("person-view", `
  <div>Name: <span data-bind="text: fullName"></span></div>
  <div>Age: <span data-bind="text: age"></span></div>
`)
class PersonView {
  @observable firstName: string;
  @observable lastName: string;
  @observable age: string;
  
  @computed get fullName() {
    return this.firstName + " " + this.lastName;
  }
  
  constructor({ firstName, lastName, age }, element, templateNodes) {
    this.firstName = firstName;
    this.lastName = lastName;
    this.age = age;
  }
}

Documentation

Work with KnockoutValidation

Usage without module loaders

Change Log

@observable

Property decorator that creates hidden ko.observable with ES6 getter and setter for it
If initialized by Array then hidden ko.observableArray will be created (see @observableArray)

@observable(options: { deep?: boolean, expose?: boolean });
@observable;

By default, shallow observable will be created

import { observable } from "knockout-decorators";
 
class Model {
  @observable field = 123;
  @observable collection = [];
};
let model = new Model();
 
ko.computed(() => { console.log(model.field); }); // [console] ➜ 123
model.field = 456;                                // [console] ➜ 456

If { deep: true } option is provided then all nested object properties are recursively converted to @observable

import { observable } from "knockout-decorators";
 
class ViewModel {
  @observable({ deep: true })
  deepObservable = {            // like @observable
    firstName: "Clive Staples", // like @observable
    lastName: "Lewis",          // like @observable
 
    array: [],                  // like @observableArray
 
    object: {                   // like @observable
      foo: "bar",               // like @observable
      reference: null,          // like @observable
    },
  }
}
 
const vm = new ViewModel();
 
vm.deepObservable.object.reference = {
  firstName: "Clive Staples", // make @observable
  lastName: "Lewis",          // make @observable
};
 
vm.deepObservable.array.push({
  firstName: "Clive Staples", // make @observable
  lastName: "Lewis",          // make @observable
});

If { expose: true } option is provided then hidden ko.observable will be exposed as non-enumerable property with same name prefixed by _.

import { observable } from "knockout-decorators";
 
class Model {
  @observable({ expose: true })
  field = 123;
};
 
const model = new Model();
const hiddenObservable = model._field; // ko.observable

@computed

Accessor decorator that wraps ES6 getter to hidden ko.computed or ko.pureComputed

@computed(options: { pure: boolean });
@computed;

By default it creates hidden ko.pureComputed
Setter is not wrapped to hidden ko.pureComputed and stays unchanged

import { observable, computed } from "knockout-decorators";
 
class Person {
  @observable firstName = "";
  @observable lastName = "";
 
  @computed
  get fullName() {
    return this.firstName + " " + this.lastName;
  }
  set fullName(value) {
    [this.firstName, this.lastName] = value.trim().split(/\s+/g);
  }
 
  @computed({ pure: false })
  get initials() {
    return this.firstName.substr(0, 1) + "." + this.LastName.substr(0, 1)+ ".";
  }
}
let person = new Person();
 
ko.pureComputed(() => person.fullName).subscribe(console.log.bind(console));
 
person.fullName = "  John  Smith  " // [console] ➜ "John Smith"

@observableArray

Property decorator that creates hidden ko.observableArray with ES6 getter and setter for it

@observableArray(options: { deep?: boolean, expose?: boolean });
@observableArray;

By default, shallow observableArray will be created

import { observableArray } from "knockout-decorators";
 
class Model {
  @observableArray array = [1, 2, 3];
};
let model = new Model();
 
ko.computed(() => { console.log(model.field); }); // [console] ➜ [1, 2, 3]
model.field = [4, 5, 6];                          // [console] ➜ [4, 5, 6]

Functions from ko.observableArray (both Knockout-specific remove, removeAll, destroy, destroyAll, replace and redefined Array.prototype functions pop, push, reverse, shift, sort, splice, unshift) are also presents in decorated property.
They works like if we invoke them on hidden ko.observableArray.

And also decorated array has:

  • a subscribe(callback: (value: any[]) => void) function from ko.subscribable,
import { observableArray, ObservableArray } from "knockout-decorators";
 
class Model {
  @observableArray array = [1, 2, 3] as ObservableArray<number>;
};
let model = new Model();
model.array.subscribe((changes) => { console.log(changes); }, null, "arrayChange");
 
model.array.push(4);                      // [console] ➜  [{ status: 'added', value: 4, index: 3 }]
model.array.remove(val => val % 2 === 0); // [console] ➜  [{ status: 'deleted', value: 2, index: 1 },
                                          //                { status: 'deleted', value: 4, index: 3 }]
  • a new mutate(callback: () => void) function that runs callback in which we can mutate array directly,
import { observableArray, ObservableArray } from "knockout-decorators";
 
class Model {
  @observableArray array = [1, 2, 3] as ObservableArray<number>;
};
 
let model = new Model();
 
model.array.mutate(() => {
  model.array[1] = 200; // this changes are observed
  model.array[2] = 300; // when mutation callback stops execution
});
  • a new set(i: number, value: any): any function that sets a new value at specified index and returns the old value.
import { observableArray, ObservableArray } from "knockout-decorators";
 
class Model {
  @observableArray array = [1, 2, 3] as ObservableArray<number>;
};
 
let model = new Model();
 
let oldValue = model.array.set(2, 300) // this change is observed
 
console.log(model.array); // [console] ➜ [1, 2, 300]
console.log(oldValue);    // [console] ➜ 3

@extend

Apply extenders to decorated @observable, @observableArray or @computed

@extend(extenders: Object);
@extend(extendersFactory: () => Object);

Extenders can be defined by plain object or by calling method, that returns extenders-object.
Note that extendersFactory invoked with ViewModel instance as this argument.

import { observable, computed, extend } from "knockout-decorators";
 
class ViewModel {
  rateLimit: 50;
  
  @extend({ notify: "always" })
  @observable first = "";
 
  @extend(ViewModel.prototype.getExtender)
  @observable second = "";
 
  @extend({ rateLimit: 500 })
  @computed get both() {
    return this.first + " " + this.second;
  }
  
  getExtender() {
    return { rateLimit: this.rateLimit };
  }
}

Caveats

@extend({ notify: "always" }) will not work with: subscribe() function.
Instead we can use unwrap(). But other extenders should work.

const vm = new ViewModel();
// this subscription will run only when `vm.first` actually changed
subscribe(() => vm.first, (val) => { console.log(val); });
// use `unwrap()` function to get RAW ko.observable()
unwrap(vm, "first").subscribe((val) => { console.log(val); });

@component

Shorthand for registering Knockout component by decorating ViewModel class

@component(name: string, options?: Object);
@component(name: string, template: any, options?: Object);
@component(name: string, template: any, styles: any, options?: Object);
Argument Default Description
name Name of component
template "<!---->" Knockout template definition
styles Ignored parameter (used for require() styles by webpack etc.)
options { synchronous: true } Another options that passed directly to ko.components.register()

By default components registered with synchronous flag.
It can be overwritten by passing { synchronous: false } as options.

If template is not specified then it will be replaced by HTML comment <!---->

If ViewModel constructor accepts zero or one arguments, then it will be registered as viewModel: in config object.

import { component } from "knockout-decorators";
 
@component("my-component")
class Component {
    constructor(params: any) {}
}
// ▼▼▼ results to ▼▼▼
ko.components.register("my-component", {
    viewModel: Component,
    template: "<!---->",
    synchronous: true,
});

If ViewModel constructor accepts two or three arguments, then createViewModel: factory is created
and { element, templateNodes } are passed as arguments to ViewModel constructor.

import { component } from "knockout-decorators";
 
@component("my-component",
    require("./my-component.html"),
    require("./my-component.css"), {
    synchronous: false,
    additionalData: { foo: "bar" } // consider non-standard field
})
class Component {
    constructor(
        private params: any,
        private element: Node,
        private templateNodes: Node[]
    ) {}
}
// ▼▼▼ results to ▼▼▼
ko.components.register("my-component", {
    viewModel: {
        createViewModel(params, { element, templateNodes }) {
            return new Component(params, element, templateNodes);
        }
    },
    template: require("./my-component.html"),
    synchronous: false,
    additionalData: { foo: "bar" } // consider non-standard field
});

@autobind

Bind class method to class instance. Clone of core-decorators.js @autobind

import { observable, component, autobind } from "knockout-decorators";
 
@component("my-component", `
  <ul data-bind="foreach: array">
    <li data-bind="click: $component.remove">remove me</li>
  </ul>
`)
class MyComponent {
  @observable array = [1, 2, 3] as ObservableArray<number>;
  
  @autobind
  remove(item: number) {
    this.array.remove(item);
  }
}

@event

Create subscribable function that invokes it's subscribers when it called.

All arguments that passed to @event function are translated to it's subscribers.
Internally uses hidden ko.subscribable.

Subscribers can be attached by calling .subscribe() method of EventType type or by subscribe() utility.

import { event, EventType } from "knockout-decorators";
 
class Producer {
  @event myEvent: EventType;
}
 
class Consumer {  
  constructor(producer: Producer) {
    producer.myEvent.subscribe((arg1, arg2) => {
      console.log("lambda:", arg1, arg2);
    });
    
    // `subscription` type is `ko.Subscription`
    const subscription = producer.myEvent.subscribe(this.onEvent);
  }
  
  @autobind
  onEvent(arg1, arg2) {
    console.log("method:", arg1, arg2);
  }
}
 
const producer = new Producer();
const consumer = new Consumer(producer);
 
// emit @event
producer.myEvent(123, "test");
// [console] ➜ lambda:  123  "test"
// [console] ➜ method:  123  "test"

subscribe

Subscribe to @observable (or @computed) dependency with creation of hidden ko.computed()

subscribe<T>(
  dependency: () => T,
  callback: (value: T) => void,
  options?: { once?: boolean, event?: string }
): ko.Subscription;

Or subscribe to some @event property

subscribe<T1, T2, ...>(
  event: (arg1: T1, arg2: T2, ...) => void,
  callback: (arg1: T1, arg2: T2, ...) => void,
  options?: { once?: boolean }
): ko.Subscription;
Argument Default Description
dependencyOrEvent (1) Function for getting observable property (2) @event property
callback Callback that handle dependency changes or @event notifications
options null Options object
options.once false If true then subscription will be disposed after first invocation
options.event "change" Event name for passing to Knockout native subscribe()

Subscribe to @observable changes

import { observable, subscribe } from "knockout-decorators";
 
class ViewModel {
  @observable field = 123;
  
  constructor() {
    subscribe(() => this.field, (value) => {
      console.log(value); // TypeScript detects that `value` type is `number`
    });
 
    subscribe(() => this.field, (value) => {
      console.log(value);
    }, { once: true });
 
    subscribe(() => this.field, (value) => {
      console.log(value);
    }, { event: "beforeChange" });    
  }  
}

Subscribe to @event property

import { event, subscribe } from "knockout-decorators";
 
class ViewModel {
  @event myEvent: (arg: string) => void;
  
  constructor() {
    subscribe(this.myEvent, (arg) => {
      console.log(arg); // TypeScript detects that `arg` type is `string`
    });
    
    subscribe(this.myEvent, (arg) => {
      console.log(arg);
    }, { once: true });
    
    // `subscription` type is `ko.Subscription`
    const subscription = subscribe(this.myEvent, (arg) => {
      console.log(arg);
    });
    
    // unsubscribe from @event
    subscription.dispose();
    
    // emit @event
    this.myEvent("event argument")
  }  
}

unwrap

Get hidden ko.observable() for property decodated by @observable or hidden ko.pureComputed() for property decodated by @computed

unwrap(instance: Object, key: string | symbol): any;
unwrap<T>(instance: Object, key: string | symbol): ko.Observable<T>;
Argument Default Description
instance Decorated class instance
key Name of @observable property

KnockoutValidation example

Using { expose: true }:

import { observable, extend } from "knockout-decorators";
 
class MyViewModel {
  @extend({ required: "MyField is required" })
  @observable({ expose: true })
  myField = "";
 
  checkMyField() {
    alert("MyField is valid: " + this._myField.isValid());
  }
}
<div>
  <input type="text" data-bind="value: myField"/>
  <button data-bind="click: checkMyField">check</button>
  <p data-bind="validationMessage: _myField"></p>
</div>

Using unwrap():

import { observable, extend, unwrap } from "knockout-decorators";
 
class MyViewModel {
  @extend({ required: "MyField is required" })
  @observable myField = "";
  
  checkMyField() {
    alert("MyField is valid: " + unwrap(this, "myField").isValid());
  }
 
  // pass `unwrap` function to data-bindings
  unwrap(key: string) {
    return unwrap(this, key);
  }
  
  // from TypeScript 2.1 you can use keyof
  // to restrict to keys of the given type
  unwrap(key: keyof MyViewModel){
    return unwrap(this, key);
  }
}
<div>
  <input type="text" data-bind="value: myField"/>
  <button data-bind="click: checkMyField">check</button>
  <p data-bind="validationMessage: unwrap('myField')"></p>
</div>

Disposable() mixin

Mixin that injects to class shorthands for utility functions and provides automatic disposing of created subscriptions (see MDN or TypeScript 2.2 docs)

function Disposable(Base? /* optional */{
  return class extends Base {
    subscribe(...): ko.Subscription;
    dispose(): void;
    unwrap(propName: string): ko.Observable;
  }
}
  • Disposable.subscribe(...) Shorthand for subscribe() utility function that also store created subscription in hidden class property.
  • Disposable.dispose() Automatically dispose all subscriptions created by Disposable.subscribe(...) method.
  • Disposable.unwrap() Shorthand for unwrap() utility function that returns hidden Knockout observable for decorated class property.
import { observable, computed, Disposable } from "knockout-decorators";
 
class Derived extends Disposable(Base) {
  @observable text = "";
  
  @computed({ pure: false })
  get upperCase() {
    return this.text.toUpperCase();
  }
  
  constructor() {
    super();
    // subscribe to computed changes
    // and store created subscription in hidden class property 
    this.subscribe(() => this.upperCase, (value) => {
      console.log(value);
    });
  }
  
  dispose() {
    // dispose all subscriptions that created by this.subscribe()
    super.dispose();
    // unwrap and dispose hidden Knockout computed
    this.unwrap("upperCase").dispose();
  }
}
 
// Base class is optional
class Component extends Disposable() { }

Usage without module loaders (in global scope)

layout.html

<script src="/{path_to_vendor_scrpts}/knockout.js"></script>
<script src="/{path_to_vendor_scrpts}/knockout-decorators.js"></script>

script.ts

namespace MyTypescriptNamespace {
  // import from TypeScript namespace (JavaScript global variable)
  const { observable, computed } = KnockoutDecorators; 
  
  export class MyClass {
    @observable field = "";
  }
}

Install

npm i knockout-decorators

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

86

Version

2.0.0

License

MIT

Unpacked Size

295 kB

Total Files

13

Last publish

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