2.0.2 • Public • Published


general purpose multi-register key/value view for kappa-core

TODO: description


Let's build a key-value view that maps the 'id' field to the latest values of that id.

var memdb = require('memdb')
var kappa = require('kappa-core')
var kv = require('.')

// initialize kappa-core (on disk storage ("db") + in-memory views (memdb))
var core = kappa('./db', { valueEncoding: 'json' })
var idx = memdb()

// create the key-value view
var kvIdx = kv(idx, function (msg, next) {
  if (!msg.value.id) return next()
  var ops = []
  var msgId = msg.key + '@' + msg.seq

  // key  : the 'key' part of the key-value store
  // id   : the identifier that the key maps to (the "FEED@SEQ" uniquely maps to this message)
  // links: a list of IDs ^ that this key replaces
  ops.push({ key: msg.value.id, id: msgId, links: msg.value.links || [] })

  next(null, ops)

// install key-value view into kappa-core under core.api.kv
core.use('kv', kvIdx)

// create a new writable feed & write some documents
core.feed('local', function (err, feed) {
  // for each of these, the key 'foo' maps to each message
  var docs = [
    { id: 'foo' },
    { id: 'foo', n: 3, links: [] },
    { id: 'foo', n: 12, links: [] }

  feed.append(docs[0], function (err, seq) {
    // 2nd doc links to the 1st, replacing it
    docs[1].links.push(version(feed, seq))
    feed.append(docs[1], function () {

      // 3rd doc also links to the 1st
      docs[2].links.push(version(feed, seq))
      feed.append(docs[2], function () {

        core.api.kv.get('foo', function (err, values) {
          console.log('kv for "foo"', values)

  // listen for updates to a particular key
  core.api.kv.onUpdateKey('foo', function (msg) {
    console.log('update', msg.seq)

function version (feed, seq) {
  return feed.key.toString('hex') + '@' + seq


update 0
update 1
update 2
kv for "foo" [ { key: '572f824672f0a14ccc45851a04e249506ac234e2e6a9efeac55bfbe4987b9241',
    seq: 1,
    value: { id: 'foo', n: 3, links: ['0f4950f4bbf17dab676e10ce45cc6539e189398b5ce84926c5b60a0826aaecfb@0'] } },
  { key: '572f824672f0a14ccc45851a04e249506ac234e2e6a9efeac55bfbe4987b9241',
    seq: 2,
    value: { id: 'foo', n: 12, links: ['0f4950f4bbf17dab676e10ce45cc6539e189398b5ce84926c5b60a0826aaecfb@0'] } } ]

There are two entries for 'foo' because both linked to the 1st entry, thus replacing it. That's also why they both link to the 1st message.


var kv = require('kappa-view-kv')

var view = kv(lvl, mapFn)

Creates a new kappa view, view, using the LevelUP/LevelDOWN storage lvl and a mapping function mapFn.

Here's how mapFn works:

function mapMsgToKvEntry (msg, next) {
  var ops = [
      key: msg.value.id,
      id: msg.key + '@' + msg.seq,
      links: msg.value.links
  next(null, ops)

ops is a list of key-value operations to add to the index. One message might update multiple key-value pairs (like mapping ID -> msg and also ContentHash -> msg). Each op is an object with fields

  • key (string): the "key" part of the key-value store; what is being mapped to values
  • id (string): some string that uniquely identifies this particular entry
  • links (array(string)): a list of IDs (like the above) that indicates what older entries for this key that it replaces

The callback next is called as next(error?, ops).

From here, you can use core.use(name, view) to install it into a kappa-core. What follows are the APIs that get exposed if you did core.use('kv', view):

core.kv.get(key, cb)

Fetch the latest values for a key. cb is called as cb(err, values). values is an array, since there may be multiple values mapped to by a key at any given point.

var rs = core.kv.createReadStream()

Returns a readable stream of all keys and their latest values mappings.


Subscribe to updates to every key change. The function fn is called as fn(key, value).

core.kv.onUpdateKey(key, fn)

Subscribe to updates to a specific key. The function fn is called as fn(value).


With npm installed, run

$ npm install kappa-view-kv






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