jsc8
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    0.16.3 • Public • Published

    Overview

    Today’s applications are required to be highly responsive and always online. To achieve low latency and high availability, instances of these applications need to be deployed in datacenters that are close to their users. These applications are typically deployed in multiple datacenters and are called globally distributed.

    Globally distributed applications need a geo distributed fast data platform that can transparently replicate the data anywhere in the world to enable the applications to operate on a copy of the data that's close to its users. Similarly the applications need geo-replicated and local streams to handle pub-sub, ETL and real-time updates from the fast data platform.

    C8 is a fully managed geo-distributed fast data service with turnkey global distribution and transparent multi-master replication. You can run globally distributed, low-latency workloads within C8. This article is an introduction to using C8 with jsC8 (JavaScript Driver).

    jsc8_tutorial

    In jsC8, a document is an object that is a JSON serializable object with the following properties:

    • Contains the _key field, which identifies the document uniquely within a specific collection.
    • Contains the _id field (also called the handle), which identifies the document uniquely across all collections within a fabric. This ID is a combination of the collection name and the document key using the format {collection}/{key} (see example below).
    • Contains the _rev field. C8 supports MVCC (Multiple Version Concurrency Control) and is capable of storing each document in multiple revisions. Latest revision of a document is indicated by this field. The field is populated by C8 and is not required as input unless you want to validate a document against its current revision.

    Here is an example of a valid document:

        {
            '_id': 'students/bruce',
            '_key': 'bruce',
            '_rev': '_Wm3dzEi--_',
            'first_name': 'Bruce',
            'last_name': 'Wayne',
            'address': {
                'street' : '1007 Mountain Dr.',
                'city': 'Gotham',
                'state': 'NJ'
            },
            'is_rich': True,
            'friends': ['robin', 'gordon']
        }
    

    Edge documents (edges) are similar to standard documents but with two additional required fields _from and _to. Values of these fields must be the handles of "from" and "to" vertex documents linked by the edge document in question (see :doc:graph for details). Here is an example of a valid edge document:

        {
            '_id': 'friends/001',
            '_key': '001',
            '_rev': '_Wm3dyle--_',
            '_from': 'students/john',
            '_to': 'students/jane',
            'closeness': 9.5
        }
    

    Pre-requisite

    Let's assume your tenant name is demotenant and root user password is demopwd.

    Download and Install JavaScript Client

    With Yarn or NPM

    yarn add jsc8
    ## - or - 
    npm install jsc8

    If you want to use the driver outside of the current directory, you can also install it globally using the --global flag:

    npm install --global jsc8

    From source

    git clone https://github.com/macrometacorp/jsc8.git
    cd jsC8
    npm install
    npm run dist

    Connect to C8

    The first step in using C8 is to establish a connection to a local region. When this code executes, it initializes the server connection to the region URL you sepcified and returns a client. Then this client can be used to perform operations.

    const jsc8 = require("jsc8");
    const client = new jsc8("https://gdn1.macrometa.io");

    or to have failover support

    const jsc8 = require("jsc8");
    const client = new jsc8([
      "https://gdn1.macrometa.io",
      "https://gdn2.macrometa.io",
    ]);

    This connection string actually represents the default value( "https://gdn1.macrometa.io" ), so if this is the value you want, you can omit url while invocation:

    const jsc8 = require("jsc8");
    const client = new jsc8();

    If that’s still too verbose for you, you can invoke the driver directly using the require statement itself.

    const client = require("jsc8")();

    The outcome of any of the three calls should be identical.

    Login

    With email and password

    To start working, you first have to login. This gets the auth token and is added in each API call. Continuing from the previous snippet, the following statement will log you into the c8 using the provided credentials.

    async function login() {
      return await client.login(email, password);
    }

    Below line should print the jwt token. However, this is just for demonstative purposes as this token will be added to further requests. Simple client.login should suffice for most cases.

    login().then(console.log);

    To use the demotenant, we need to use client.useTenant as below

    client.useTenant(tenant_name);

    With token

    If you want to login with token then you just need to pass the token wrapping in Object with your region URL with specific fabric.

    Note: Default value for fabric is _system

    const jsc8 = require("jsc8");
    client = new jsc8({
      url: "https://gdn1.macrometa.io",
      token: "XXXX",
      fabricName: "_system",
    });

    or to have failover support

    const jsc8 = require("jsc8");
    client = new jsc8({
      url: ["https://gdn1.macrometa.io", "https://gdn2.macrometa.io"],
      token: "XXXX",
      fabricName: "_system",
    });

    With apikey

    If you want to login with apikey then you just need to pass the apikey wrapping in Object with your region URL with specific fabric.

    Note: by default value for fabric is _system

    const jsc8 = require("jsc8");
    client = new jsc8({
      url: "https://gdn1.macrometa.io",
      apiKey: "XXXX",
      fabricName: "_system",
    });

    or to have failover support

    const jsc8 = require("jsc8");
    client = new jsc8({
      url: ["https://gdn1.macrometa.io", "https://gdn2.macrometa.io"],
      apiKey: "XXXX",
      fabricName: "_system",
    });

    Create Collection

    We can now create collection in the client. To do this, first you connect to demofabric under demotenant with user as root and password demouserpwd. Then create a collection called employees.

    The below example shows the steps.

    const jsc8 = require("jsc8");
     
    const client = new jsc8({ url: "https://gdn1.macrometa.io", token: "XXXX" });
    //---- OR ----
    const client = new jsc8({ url: "https://gdn1.macrometa.io", apiKey: "XXXX" });
     
    async function createCollection() {
      let collectionDetails;
      try {
        collectionDetails = await client.createCollection("employees");
        await console.log("The collection details are: ", collectionDetails);
      } catch (e) {
        return "Collection creation did not succeed due to " + e;
      }
     
      return "Collection " + collectionDetails.name + " created successfully";
    }
     
    createCollection().then(console.log);

    Advanced User

    const jsc8 = require("jsc8");
    const client = new jsc8("https://gdn1.macrometa.io");
     
    async function createCollection() {
      await console.log("Logging in...");
      await client.login(email, password);
     
      await console.log("Using the demotenant");
      client.useTenant(tenant_name);
     
      await console.log("Using the demoFabric...");
      client.useFabric("demoFabric");
     
      await console.log("Creating the collection object to be used...");
      let collection = client.collection("employees");
     
      await console.log("Creating the collection employees under demoFabric...");
      let collectionDetails;
      try {
        collectionDetails = await collection.create();
        await console.log("The collection details are: ", collectionDetails);
      } catch (e) {
        return "Collection creation did not succeed due to " + e;
      }
     
      return "Collection " + collectionDetails.name + " created successfully";
    }
     
    createCollection().then(console.log);

    Create Index

    Let's add a hash_index called emails to our collection employees. Please refer to user guide for details on other available index types.

    const jsc8 = require("jsc8");
     
    const client = new jsc8({ url: "https://gdn1.macrometa.io", token: "XXXX" });
    //---- OR ----
    const client = new jsc8({ url: "https://gdn1.macrometa.io", apiKey: "XXXX" });
     
    async function createIndex() {
      let index;
      try {
        index = await client.addHashIndex("employees", ["email", "_key"]);
        await console.log("The index details are: ", index);
      } catch (e) {
        return "Index creation did not succeed due to " + e;
      }
     
      return "Index created successfully";
    }
     
    createIndex();

    Note:- Just like above example user can create addTtlIndex, addFullTextIndex, addPersistentIndex, addSkiplistIndex addGeoIndex. Checkout more for - Indexes

    Advanced User

    const jsc8 = require("jsc8");
    const client = new jsc8("https://gdn1.macrometa.io");
     
    async function createIndex() {
      await console.log("Logging in...");
      await client.login(email, password);
     
      await console.log("Using the demotenant");
      client.useTenant(tenant_name);
     
      await console.log("Using the demoFabric...");
      client.useFabric("demoFabric");
     
      await console.log("Creating the collection object to be used...");
      let collection = client.collection("employees");
     
      await console.log(
        "Creating the index on collection employees under demoFabric..."
      );
      let index;
      try {
        index = await collection.createIndex({
          type: "hash",
          fields: ["email", "_key"],
        });
        await console.log("The index details are: ", index);
      } catch (e) {
        return "Index creation did not succeed due to " + e;
      }
     
      return "Index created successfully";
    }
     
    createIndex().then(console.log);

    Populate Collection

    Let's insert documents to the employees collection as shown below.

    const docJean = {
      _key: "Jean",
      firstname: "Jean",
      lastname: "Picard",
      email: "jean.picard@macrometa.io",
    };
     
    const docJames = {
      _key: "James",
      firstname: "James",
      lastname: "Kirk",
      email: "james.kirk@macrometa.io",
    };
     
    const docHan = {
      _key: "Han",
      firstname: "Han",
      lastname: "Solo",
      email: "han.solo@macrometa.io",
    };
     
    const docBruce = {
      _key: "Bruce",
      firstname: "Bruce",
      lastname: "Wayne",
      email: "bruce.wayne@macrometa.io",
    };
     
    const docs = [docJean, docJames, docHan, docBruce];
    const jsc8 = require("jsc8");
     
    const client = new jsc8({ url: "https://gdn1.macrometa.io", token: "XXXX" });
    //---- OR ----
    const client = new jsc8({ url: "https://gdn1.macrometa.io", apiKey: "XXXX" });
     
    async function populate() {
      await console.log("Creating the collection object to be used...");
      await client.insertDocumentMany("employees", docs);
      await console.log("collection populated with documents");
    }
     
    populate();

    Advanced User

    const jsc8 = require("jsc8");
    const client = new jsc8("https://gdn1.macrometa.io");
     
    async function populate() {
      await console.log("Logging in...");
      await client.login(email, password);
     
      await console.log("Using the demotenant");
      client.useTenant(tenant_name);
     
      await console.log("Using the demoFabric...");
      client.useFabric("demoFabric");
     
      await console.log("Creating the collection object to be used...");
      let collection = client.collection("employees");
     
      for (let doc of docs) {
        await collection.save(doc);
      }
      await console.log("collection populated with documents");
    }
     
    populate();

    Retrieve documents using C8QL

    C8QL is C8's query language. You can execute C8QL query on our newly created collection employees to get its contents.

    The query FOR employee IN employees RETURN employee is equivalent to SQL's SELECT query.

    const jsc8 = require("jsc8");
     
    const client = new jsc8({ url: "https://gdn1.macrometa.io", token: "XXXX" });
    //---- OR ----
    const client = new jsc8({ url: "https://gdn1.macrometa.io", apiKey: "XXXX" });
     
    async function c8Queries() {
      const result = await client.executeQuery(
        "FOR employee IN employees RETURN employee"
      );
      await console.log(result);
    }
     
    c8Queries();

    Advanced User

    const jsc8 = require("jsc8");
    const c8ql = jsc8.c8ql;
    const client = new jsc8("https://gdn1.macrometa.io");
     
    async function c8Queries() {
      await console.log("Logging in...");
      await client.login(email, password);
     
      await console.log("Using the demotenant");
      client.useTenant(tenant_name);
     
      await console.log("Using the demoFabric...");
      client.useFabric("demoFabric");
     
      await console.log("Creating the collection object to be used...");
      let collection = client.collection("employees");
     
      const cursor = await client.query(
        c8ql`FOR employee IN employees RETURN employee`
      );
      const result = await cursor.all();
      await console.log(result);
    }
     
    c8Queries();

    Real-time Database

    Example for real-time updates from a collection in fabric:

    const jsc8 = require("jsc8");
     
    const client = new jsc8({url: "https://gdn1.macrometa.io", token: "XXXX"});
    //---- OR ----
    const client = new jsc8({url: "https://gdn1.macrometa.io", apiKey: "XXXX"});
     
    async function callback_fn(collection) {
      await console.log("Connection open on ", collection.name);
    }
     
    async function realTimeListener() {
      const listener = await client.onCollectionChange("employees");
     
      listener.on('message',(msg) => console.log("message=>", msg));
      listener.on('open',() => {
          this.callback_fn(collection);
        });
      listener.on('close',() => console.log("connection closed"));
    }
     
    realTimeListener();

    Advanced User

    const jsc8 = require("jsc8");
    const client = new jsc8("https://gdn1.macrometa.io");
     
    async function callback_fn(collection) {
      await console.log("Connection open on ", collection.name);
    }
     
    async function realTimeListener() {
      await console.log("Logging in...");
      await client.login(email, password);
     
      await console.log("Using the demotenant");
      client.useTenant(tenant-name);
     
      await console.log("Using the demoFabric...");
      client.useFabric("demoFabric");
     
      await console.log("Creating the collection object to be used...");
      let collection = client.collection("employees");
     
      const listener = await collection.onChange("gdn1.macrometa.io");
     
      listener.on('message',(msg) => console.log("message=>", msg));
      listener.on('open',() => {
          this.callback_fn(collection);
        });
      listener.on('close',() => console.log("connection closed"));
    }
     
    realTimeListener();

    Create Streams, Publish and Subscribe

    Creating streams in C8 is a 1 step operation. The stream can be either a local stream or could be a geo-replicated stream.

    const jsc8 = require("jsc8");
     
    const client = new jsc8({ url: "https://gdn1.macrometa.io", token: "XXXX" });
    //---- OR ----
    const client = new jsc8({ url: "https://gdn1.macrometa.io", apiKey: "XXXX" });
     
    async function streamDemo() {
      await client.createStream("newStreamFromJSC8", false);
      //Here the last boolean value tells if the stream is global or local. false means that it is global.
     
      const consumer = await client.createStreamReader(
        "newStreamFromJSC8",
        "my-sub"
      );
      const producer = await client.createStreamProducer("newStreamFromJSC8");
     
      consumer.on("message", (msg) => {
        const { payload, messageId } = JSON.parse(msg);
        // logging received message payload(ASCII encoded) to decode use atob()
        console.log(payload);
        // Send message acknowledgement
        consumer.send(JSON.stringify({ messageId }));
      });
     
      producer.on("open", () => {
        // If you message is an object, convert the obj to string.
        // e.g. const message = JSON.stringify({message:'Hello World'});
        const message = "Hello World";
        const payloadObj = { payload: Buffer.from(str).toString("base64") };
        producer.send(JSON.stringify(payloadObj));
      });
    }
     
    streamDemo();

    Advanced User

    const jsc8 = require("jsc8");
    const client = new jsc8("https://gdn1.macrometa.io");
     
    async function streamDemo() {
      await console.log("Logging in...");
      await client.login(email, password);
     
      await console.log("Using the demotenant");
      client.useTenant("tenant-name");
     
      stream = client.stream("newStreamFromJSC8", false);
      //Here the last boolean value tells if the stream is local or global. false means that it is global.(DEFAULT: false)
     
      await stream.createStream();
     
      const consumerOTP = await stream.getOtp(); // OTP expiry 10s
      const consumer = stream.consumer("my-sub", "gdn1.macrometa.io", {
        otp: consumerOTP,
      });
     
      const producerOTP = await stream.getOtp(); // OTP expiry 10s
      const producer = stream.producer("gdn1.macrometa.io", { otp: producerOTP });
     
      consumer.on("message", (msg) => {
        const { payload, messageId } = JSON.parse(msg);
        // logging received message payload(ASCII encoded) to decode use atob()
        console.log(payload);
        // Send message acknowledgement
        consumer.send(JSON.stringify({ messageId }));
      });
     
      producer.on("open", () => {
        // If you message is an object, convert the obj to string.
        // e.g. const message = JSON.stringify({message:'Hello World'});
        const message = "Hello World";
        const payloadObj = { payload: Buffer.from(str).toString("base64") };
        producer.send(JSON.stringify(payloadObj));
      });
    }
     
    streamDemo();

    RESTQL Example

    On using a geo-distributed database as backend as service eliminating the need for separate backend servers & containers.

    const jsc8 = require("jsc8");
     
    //Variables
    const fed_url = "https://gdn1.macrometa.io";
    const collection_name =
      "addresses" + Math.floor(1000 + Math.random() * 9000).toString();
     
    //Queries
    const insert_data =
      "INSERT {'firstname':@firstname, 'lastname':@lastname, 'email':@email, 'zipcode':@zipcode, '_key': 'abc'} IN " +
      collection_name;
     
    const get_data = "FOR doc IN " + collection_name + " RETURN doc";
     
    const update_data =
      "UPDATE 'abc' WITH {'lastname': @lastname } IN " + collection_name;
     
    const delete_data = "REMOVE 'abc' IN " + collection_name;
     
    const get_count = "RETURN COUNT(FOR doc IN " + collection_name + " RETURN 1)";
     
    const client = new jsc8({ url: "https://gdn1.macrometa.io", token: "XXXX" });
    //---- OR ----
    const client = new jsc8({ url: "https://gdn1.macrometa.io", apiKey: "XXXX" });
     
    async function restqldemo() {
      console.log("------- CREATE GEO-REPLICATED COLLECTION  ------");
      await client.createCollection(collection_name);
      console.log("Collection " + collection_name + " created.\n");
     
      console.log("------- CREATE THE QUERIES  ------");
     
      await client.createRestql("insertData", insert_data, {});
     
      await client.createRestql("getData", get_data, {});
      await client.createRestql("updateData", update_data, {});
     
      await client.createRestql("deleteData", delete_data, {});
     
      await client.createRestql("getCount", get_count, {});
     
      console.log("Queries CREATED Successfully\n");
     
      console.log("------- EXECUTING THE QUERIES  ------");
     
      bindVars = {
        firstname: "john",
        lastname: "doe",
        email: "john.doe@macrometa.io",
        zipcode: "511037",
      };
     
      await client.executeRestql("insertData", bindVars);
      console.log("Data Inserted \n");
     
      const res = await client.executeRestql("getData");
      console.log("Output of get data query:");
      console.log(res.result);
      console.log("\n");
     
      await client.executeRestql("updateData", { lastname: "mathews" });
      console.log("Data updated \n");
     
      const data = await client.executeRestql("getData");
      console.log("Output of get data query after update:");
      console.log(data.result);
      console.log("\n");
     
      const count = await client.executeRestql("getCount");
      console.log("Count:");
      console.log(count.result);
      await client.executeRestql("deleteData");
    }
     
    restqldemo().then(console.log("Starting Execution"));

    Advanced User

    const jsc8 = require("jsc8");
     
    //Variables
    const fed_url = "https://gdn1.macrometa.io";
    const guest_tenant_email = "guest@macrometa.io";
    const guest_tenant = "guest";
    const guest_password = "guest5";
    const guest_user = "guest5";
    const geo_fabric = "guest5";
    const collection_name =
      "addresses" + Math.floor(1000 + Math.random() * 9000).toString();
     
    //Queries
    const insert_data =
      "INSERT {'firstname':@firstname, 'lastname':@lastname, 'email':@email, 'zipcode':@zipcode, '_key': 'abc'} IN " +
      collection_name;
     
    const get_data = "FOR doc IN " + collection_name + " RETURN doc";
     
    const update_data =
      "UPDATE 'abc' WITH {'lastname': @lastname } IN " + collection_name;
     
    const delete_data = "REMOVE 'abc' IN " + collection_name;
     
    const get_count = "RETURN COUNT(FOR doc IN " + collection_name + " RETURN 1)";
     
    const client = new jsc8(fed_url);
     
    async function restqldemo() {
      await client.login(guest_tenant_email, guest_password);
      client.useTenant(guest_tenant);
      client.useFabric(geo_fabric);
      console.log("------- CREATE GEO-REPLICATED COLLECTION  ------");
      const collection = client.collection(collection_name);
      await collection.create();
      console.log("Collection " + collection_name + " created.\n");
     
      console.log("------- SAVING THE QUERIES  ------");
     
      await client.saveQuery("insertData", {}, insert_data);
     
      await client.saveQuery("getData", {}, get_data);
      await client.saveQuery("updateData", {}, update_data);
     
      await client.saveQuery("deleteData", {}, delete_data);
     
      await client.saveQuery("getCount", {}, get_count);
     
      console.log("Saved Queries Successfully\n");
     
      console.log("------- EXECUTING THE QUERIES  ------");
     
      bindVars = {
        firstname: "john",
        lastname: "doe",
        email: "john.doe@macrometa.io",
        zipcode: "511037",
      };
     
      await client.executeSavedQuery("insertData", bindVars);
      console.log("Data Inserted \n");
     
      const res = await client.executeSavedQuery("getData");
      console.log("Output of get data query:");
      console.log(res.result);
      console.log("\n");
     
      await client.executeSavedQuery("updateData", { lastname: "mathews" });
      console.log("Data updated \n");
     
      const data = await client.executeSavedQuery("getData");
      console.log("Output of get data query after update:");
      console.log(data.result);
      console.log("\n");
     
      const count = await client.executeSavedQuery("getCount");
      console.log("Count:");
      console.log(count.result);
      await client.executeSavedQuery("deleteData");
    }
     
    restqldemo().then(console.log("Starting Execution"));

    Create Geo-Fabric

    Let's create geo-fabric called demofabric by passing a parameter called dclist. The fabric demofabric is created in all the regions specified in the dclist.

    const jsc8 = require("jsc8");
     
    const client = new jsc8({ url: "https://gdn1.macrometa.io", token: "XXXX" });
    //---- OR ----
    const client = new jsc8({ url: "https://gdn1.macrometa.io", apiKey: "XXXX" });
     
    async function createFabric() {
     
      try {
        await console.log("Creating the client...");
        let result = await client.createFabric(
          "demoFabric",
          [{ username: "root" }],
          { dcList: "try-asia-south1,try-us-east4,try-us-west2" }
        );
     
        await console.log("result is: ", result);
     
        await console.log(
          "Listing the fabrics to verify that demoFabric has been created"
        );
        const res = await client.listFabrics();
     
        await console.log(res);
      } catch (e) {
        await console.log("Fabric could not be created due to " + e);
      }
    }
     
    createFabric();

    Get GeoFabric Details

    To get details of fabric geo-fabric

    const jsc8 = require("jsc8");
     
     
    const client = new jsc8({ url: "https://gdn1.macrometa.io", token: "XXXX", fabricName: "_system"});
    //---- OR ----
    const client = new jsc8({ url: "https://gdn1.macrometa.io", apiKey: "XXXX", fabricName: "_system"});
     
    async function getFabric() {
     
      try {
        await console.log("Getting the fabric details...");
        let result = await client.get();
     
        await console.log("result is: ", result);
      } catch (e) {
        await console.log("Fabric details could not be fetched because " + e);
      }
    }
     
    getFabric();

    Install

    npm i jsc8

    DownloadsWeekly Downloads

    225

    Version

    0.16.3

    License

    Apache-2.0

    Unpacked Size

    2.8 MB

    Total Files

    273

    Last publish

    Collaborators

    • lohaniabhishek
    • akash-gautam
    • macrometa