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js-struct

1.3.0 • Public • Published

js-struct

Simplified access to complex byte structures in JavaScript.

js-struct makes it easy to access data in binary buffers. Multi-byte fields, byte arrays, and C-style structs can all be extracted from typed arrays.

const Inode = Struct([
  Type.uint16('mode'),
  Type.uint16('uid'),
  Type.uint32('size'),
  Type.uint16('gid'),
  Type.uint32('flags'),
  Type.array(Block, NUM_BLOCKS)('blocks'),
]);

Installing

npm install js-struct

Getting started

js-struct provides tools to pull usable JS primitives, arrays, and objects out of raw bytes. All data is designed to be fetched from Uint8Arrays, which can wrap ECMAScript ArrayBuffers or Node.js Buffers.

The library contains three ways to structure the data: pre-defined Types, Arrays, and custom Structs. These can be composed in various ways to describe the layout of byte data.

// Read the unsigned 16-bit number at index 10 of `arr`
let num = Type.uint16.read(arr, 10);
 
// Fetch an array of 4 bytes, starting at index 0
let bytes = Type.array(Type.byte, 4).read(arr, 0);
 
// Retrieve an array of 10 Points
const Point = Struct([
  Type.int32('x'),
  Type.int32('y'),
]);
let points = Type.array(Point, 10).read(arr, 0);

Supported types

The following types are available as properties on require('js-struct').Types

  • uint8, unsigned 8-bit integer
  • byte, alias for uint8
  • int8, signed 8-bit integer
  • uint16, unsigned 16-bit integer
  • ushort, alias for uint16
  • int16, signed 16-bit integer
  • short, alias for uint16
  • uint32, unsigned 32-bit integer
  • ulong, alias for uint32
  • int32, signed 32-bit integer
  • long, alias for int32
  • char, similar to byte, but renders as a String

Any of these types can be read directly from an Uint8Array, with the .read(source, index) method. As parameters, it takes the typed array, and a byte-aligned index to begin reading from.

An array of any type can be constructed as well, with Type.array(). It is a method that takes a type, and a numeric size. Arrays share the same .read() method as the standard types.

Finally, it is possible to construct more complex objects with require('js-struct').Struct. Struct is a method that takes an array of fields.

To allow naming of fields on a Struct, all Types, Arrays, and Structs themselves are also functions that take a field name.

let s = Struct([
  Type.uint8('fieldA'),
  Type.uint8('fieldB'),
]);
 
// Calling s.read() will return an object with two fields
 
console.log(s.read(arr, 0));
// {
//   fieldA: ...,
//   fieldB: ...,
// }

Keywords

none

Install

npm i js-struct

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

13

Version

1.3.0

License

BSD-3-Clause

Last publish

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