Meet npm Pro: unlimited public & private packages + package-based permissions.Learn more »

jh-search-index

1.1.0 • Public • Published

NPM version NPM downloads MIT License Build Status

Table of Contents generated with DocToc

Search-index

NPM

NPM

Search-index is a text search module for Node.js. Think "node version of Lucene, but much simpler".

Search-index allows you to perform free-text search over structured or unstructured data, and return a resultset ordered by relevance.

Search-index is built with the soooperfast levelUP module, and the very useful Natural module.

The Point of Search-Index is to simplify set up and operation of an search engine. Search-index is essentially free from configuration- the index is dynamic and morphs into the structure that you require automatically, based on the documents that it is fed.

Search-index is in an alpha stage- meaning that it has been known to work quite well, but edge cases and portability may be challenging. Query-result is robust. See known issues and performance tips below.

The Norch Search Engine

Search-index is currently the index powering the Norch search engine.

Features

  • Full text search
  • Stopword removal
  • Faceting
  • Filtering
  • Fielded search
  • Field weighting
  • Relevance weighting (tf-idf)
  • Paging (offset and resultset length)
  • Teasers

Installation

Releases are listed here. Generally you will want the most recent one.

The easiest way to include search-index in your project is by using npm

npm install search-index

The module can then be initialised by including the line

si = require('search-index')();

at the top of your app.

Usage

To make a searchable index, you must first add documents with si.add.

Documents are then searchable with si.search.

Initialization

search-index is called with require like so:

var si = require('search-index')();

search-index can be initialized with options like so:

var options = { indexPath: 'si2', logLevel: 'error' }
var si = require('search-index')(options)

Available options

  • indexPath The physical location of the index on the filesystem. Default is si
  • logLevel A bunyan log level like info, debug (lots of logs) or error (nearly silent). Default is warn

API

add

Inserts document into the index

si.add({'batchName': batchName, 'filters': filters}, data, function(err) {
  if (!err) console.log('indexed!');
});

Where batchName is any name to tag the batch, and filters tells the index which fields can be filtered and agregated on, and data is an object containing one or more documents in a format similar to:

[
  {
    'id':'1',
    'title':'A really interesting document',
    'body':'This is a really interesting document',
    'metadata':['red', 'potato']
  },
  {
    'id':'2',
    'title':'Another interesting document',
    'body':'This is another really interesting document that is a bit different',
    'metadata':['yellow', 'potato']
  }
]

...and filters is an array of field names that may be contained in the document that the index will use for building filters. A filter field must always be an array of single String tokens, for example ['metadata','places']. 'search-index' wont accept strings, so remember to wrap home-rolled JSON with 'JSON.parse' to turn it into an object.

Example:

var batch = [
  {
    'id':'1',
    'title':'A really interesting document',
    'body':'This is a really interesting document',
    'metadata':['red', 'potato']
  },
  {
    'id':'2',
    'title':'Another interesting document',
    'body':'This is another really interesting document that is a bit different',
    'metadata':['yellow', 'potato']
  }
];
var batchName = 'twoDocs';
var filters = ['metadata'];
 
si.add({'batchName': batchName, 'filters': filters}, batch, function(err) {
  if (!err) console.log('indexed!');
});

Note: if you dont specify an id field, search-index will specify one for you.

del

Delete the document and all associated index entries.

si.del(docID, function(err) {
  if (!err) console.log('success!');
});

empty

Empties the search index, can be used in conjunction with replication.

si.empty(function(err) {
  if (!err) console.log("Emptied! Search-index now contains no documents- please refeed or replicate");
});

get

Get the document and all associated index entries.

si.get(docID, function(err, doc) {
  if (!err) console.log(doc);
});

match

A matcher is a service that generates a dictionary of words based on the contents of the index, and then returns appropriate sets based on substrings. For example, once the matcher is generated, a beginsWith of "lon" might return ['London', 'longing', 'longitude'] depending on the contents of the index. Terms are ordered by total occurances in index.

si.match(beginsWith, function(err, matches) {
  if (!err) console.log(matches);
});

search

Queries the search index

si.search(query, function(err, results) {
  //check for errors and do something with search results, for example this:
  if (!err) console.log(results)
});

...where query is an object similar to (see Query Parameters for more info):

 
{
  "query": {
    "*": [
      "africa", "bank"
    ]
  },
  "facets": {
    "totalamt": {
      "ranges":[
        ["000000000000000","000000050000000"],
        ["000000050000001","100000000000000"]
      ]
    },
    "mjtheme": {
      "ranges": [
        ["A","J"],
        ["K","Z"]
      ]
    }
  },
  "offset": 0,
  "pageSize": 100
}

facets

Allows faceted navigation.

"facets": {
  "totalamt": {"sort":"keyDesc"},
  "price": {}
}
  

limit

Defines the amount of entries per facet category. Defaults to 10.

"facets": {"places":{"sort":"keyDesc","limit":20}}

ranges

Defines "buckets" or "ranges" of values. ranges comprises an array of tuplet arrays, where each tuplet consists of a start and end (inclusive) of the range.

"facets": {
  "totalamt": {
  "ranges": [
      [
        "000000000000000",
        "000000006000000"
      ],
      [
        "000000006000001",
        "010000000000000"
      ]
    ]},
  "mjtheme": {
    "ranges": [
      [
        "A",
        "J"
      ],
      [
        "K",
        "Z"
      ]
    ]}

sort

Defines the sort order of facets. Facets can be sorted on keys or values in an ascending or descening order. Possible values for facetSort are keyAsc, keyDesc, valueAsc, and valueDesc. The default sort is equivalent to valueDesc.

"facets": {
  "totalamt": {"sort":"keyDesc"},
  "mjtheme": {
    "sort": "keyAsc",
    "ranges": [
      [
        "A",
        "J"
      ],
      [
        "K",
        "Z"
      ]
    ]
  }
}

filter

Used to return a resultset on a facet.

'filter': {
  'user': [['eklem', 'eklem']]
}

query

A free text string containing one or many tokens. * is equivalent to 'search all fields'

    "query": {"*":["usa"]}

You can also specify named fields like so :

    "query": {
      "title":["usa", "reagan"]
    }

and so:

    "query": {
      "title": ["reagan"],
      "body": ["intelligence", "agency", "contra"]
    }

offset

The starting point in the resultset of the results returned. Useful for paging

    "offset": 0

pageSize

The maximum number of results in the resultset that can be returned. Counted from offset

    "pageSize": 20

teaser

Creates a field that shows where the search terms exist in the given field. For example, a teaser field could be generated from the document field body

    "teaser": "body"

weight

Sets a factor by which the score of a field should be weighted. Useful for building custom relevancy models

    "weight": {
      "body": [
        "10"
      ],
      "title": [
        "5"
      ]
    }

replicate

Replicates an index from a snapshot file generated by si.snapshot.

//assumes that backup is in a file called 'backup.gz'
si.replicate(fs.createReadStream('backup.gz'), function(msg){
  that.completed = true;
});

snapshot

Returns a readStream that can then be piped on, for instance to file.

//assumes that: var fs = require('fs')
si.snapShot(function(readStream) {
  readStream.pipe(fs.createWriteStream('backup.gz'))
    .on('close', function() {
    //a snapshot of the search-index now exists in the file 'backup.gz'
  });
});

tellMeAboutMySearchIndex

Returns metadata about the state of the index.

si.tellMeAboutMySearchIndex(function(msg) {
  console.log(msg);
});

License

Search-index is released under the MIT license:

Copyright (c) 2013 Fergus McDowall

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

Install

npm i jh-search-index

DownloadsWeekly Downloads

1

Version

1.1.0

License

MIT

Last publish

Collaborators

  • avatar