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1.0.10 • Public • Published


A very much Pandas-like JavaScript library for data science

Jandas is designed to have very similar indexing experience as Pandas. It implements DataFrame, Series and Index classes in TypeScript and supports position- and label-based indexing. Unlike Pandas where some operations are asymemtrical between row and column, Jandas tries to make all operations symmetrical along the two axes. It is comprehensively tested with code coverage >90%.

Main Features

  • Row and column indexing are guaranteed the same speed.
  • Support DataFrame with zero rows/columns in the shape of (0,n) or (n,0).
  • Support index with duplicated values.
  • Avoid using objects as arguments.
  • Query functions with a better syntax than Pandas.
  • Negative number and range indexing.
  • Comprehensive overloads on indexing ensuring proper return types in TypeScript.


Install via npm:

npm install jandas

Then import Jandas classes and functions in TypeScript:

import {Series, DataFrame,Index,range, concat} from 'jandas'

Include the library in a script tag:

<script src="/path/to/jandas.min.js"></script>

The above statement insert an object named jandas in the global namespace. Users can access Jandas classes and functions through the properties of the object. The minified version can be found at dist/jandas.min.js.

A CodePen Playground is provided here:


Getting Started


Jandas uses .loc() to access values with a label based-index and .iloc() a position-based index. Both methods accept boolean arrays as arguments. null is used as a placeholder as : in Pandas to select all elements along an axis. The output of both methods is a new object with no pass by reference to the parent object. .iloc() also accepts range strings as arguments with the same syntax as the range expression in python.

const df = new DataFrame([[1,2],
df.iloc(null,0) //output: new Series([1,3,5],{index:['a','b','b'],name:'d'})
df.iloc([0,1]).values //output: [[1,2],[3,4]]
df.iloc([2],[1]).values // [[6]]
df.iloc(-1).values // [5,6]
df.iloc([-3,-1]).values //[[1,2],[5,6]]

df.iloc(':2').values // [[1,2],[3,4]]
df.iloc('-3:-1').values //[[1,2],[3,4]]
df.iloc('::-1').values //[[5,6],[3,4],[1,2]]

df.iloc([true,false,false]).values // [[1,2]]
df.iloc([false,false,false]) // new DataFrame([],{index:[],columns:['d',5]})
df.iloc(null,[false,false]) // new DataFrame([[],[],[]],{index:['a','b','b'],columns:[]})

df.loc(['a']).values // [[1,2]]
df.loc('a').values // [1,2]
df.loc('b').values // [[3,4],[5,6]]
df.loc(null,['d',5]).values // [[1,2],[3,4],[5,6]]
df.loc(null,[true,false]).values //[[1],[3],[5]]

Jandas uses .set() or .iset() to change values inplace with a label- or position-based index. The indexing rule is the same as .loc() and .iloc(). The replacement value must be the same shape as the output from .loc() and .iloc() using the same indices.

const df = new DataFrame([[1,2],
let df2 = df.loc() // create a copy of df
df2.iset(0,[3,3]) // df2.values equals to: [[3,3],[3,4],[5,6]]

df2 = df.loc()
df2.iset([true,false,false],[[3,3]]) //df2.values: [[3,3],[3,4],[5,6]]

df2 = df.loc()
df2.iset(null,[1],[[1],[3],[5]]) // [[1,1],[3,3],[5,5]]

df2 = df.loc()
df2.set(['a'],['d'],[[7]]) // [[7,2],[3,4],[5,6]]
// same as df2.set('a','d',7)

df2 = df.loc()
df2.set('b',[[7,8],[9,10]]) // [[1,2],[7,8],[9,10]]

//support adding new elements using label index
df2 = df.loc()
df2.set(null,'e',[1,2,3]) // new DataFrame([[1,2,1],[3,4,2],[5,6,3]],
                          // {index:['a','b','b'],columns:['d',5,'e']})

Jandas implements two query functions .b() and .q() for Series and DataFrame. .b() returns a boolean index and .q() returns a DataFrame matching the query string. The query syntaxes are slightly different bewtween Series and DataFrame. .bool() and .query() are implemented as alias for .b() and .q()

const ss = new Series([1,2,3],{index:['a','b','b'],name:'kk'})
ss.b('x > 2') // output is: [false,false,true]
ss.q('x>2') // output is: new Series([3],{index:['b'],name:'kk'})
ss.q('x>=1 && x<3').values // [1,2]

const df = new DataFrame([[1,2,3],
df.b('[ "5" ]>3') // output: [false,false,true]
df.b('["a"]<=2',0) // [true,true,false]

df.q('["5"]>3') //output: new DataFrame([[5,6,7]],
                //     {index:['b'],columns:['5',5,'e']})

// pandas query function does not support numeric column names.
df.q('[5]>3') //output: new DataFrame([[3,8,9],[5,6,7]],
              //        {index:['b','b'],columns:['5',5,'e']})

df.q('[ "a"]>1 && ["a"]<3',null)
// output: new DataFrame([[2],[8],[6]],{index:['a','b','b'],columns:[5]})

df.q('[ "a" ]>1','[ 5 ]>3') //output: new DataFrame([[8,9],[6,7]],
                        //       {index:['b','b'],columns:[5,'e']})

const dx = new DataFrame<number|string>(

dx.q('["a","c"].includes([5]) && ["e"]>7')
//output: new DataFrame<number|string>([[3,'a',9]],
//        {index:['b'],columns:['5',5,'e']})

//use [element,] to represent an array with a single value.
//output: new DataFrame<number|string>([[5,'c',7]],
// {index:['b'],columns:['5',5,'e']})

Jandas implements .to_dict() to convert a dataframe into an array of objects. It is similar to .to_dict('records') in Pandas. It also implements .reset_index() and .reset_columns() to reset index along the row and column axes.


Jandas implements .iterrows() and .itercols to iter over the rows and columns of a DataFrame.

const df = new DataFrame([[1,2],

  // output:  [1,2],'a'
  //          [3,4],'b'
  //          [5,6],'b'

  // output:  [1,3,5],'d'
  //          [2,4,6], 5

It implements .groupby() to group a DataFrame by values in rows or columns designated by input labels. The method return a GroupByThen object that has a then method to iterate over the groups.

let df = new DataFrame([[3,2,3],

        // gp: new DataFrame([[3,8,9],
        //                    [5,6,7]],
        //        {index:['b','b'],columns:['5',5,'e']})
        // k: 'b'
        // gp: new DataFrame([[2],[8],[6]],
        //            {index:['a','b','b'],columns:[5]})
        // k: 2

df = new DataFrame([[3,8,3],

        // gp: new DataFrame([[3,8,3],
        //                    [3,8,9]],
        //         {index:['a','b'],columns:['5',5,'e']})
        //k: [3,8]

Element-wise Operation

Jandas implement .op() to perform element-wise operations on a Series or a DataFrame. Its first argument is a JavaScript string that defines the operation. Its second argument is optional and is another Series or DataFrame with the same shape and index (and column) as its caller. If the second argument is an array, it only needs to have the same shape.

let s1 = new Series([1,2,3],{index:['a','b','c']})
let s2 = new Series([1,2,3],{index:['a','c','b']})
s1.op('x*x').values // [1,4,9]
s1.op('x+y',s2).values // [2,5,5]
s1.op('x+y',s2.values).values // [2,4,6]

let df = new DataFrame([[1,2],
let df2 = new DataFrame([[1,2],
df.op('x*x').values // [[1,4],[9,16]]
df.op('x+y',df2).values //[[4,6],[4,6]]
df.op('x+y',df2.values).values // [[2,4],[6,8]]

Raw copy

An Index, Series or DataFrame object created by Jandas cannot be cloned using the structuredClone function or saved in the local storage as it has proxy methods. A to_raw method was implemented for each class to create a raw copy that can be cloned or saved. A from_raw utility function is provided to reconstruct the original object from a raw copy.

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